Skip to main content Accessibility help

Flash synthesis of zirconia nanoparticles by microwave forced hydrolysis

  • K. Bellon (a1), D. Chaumont (a1) and D. Stuerga (a1)


Forced hydrolysis preparation of zirconia sols and powders by microwave heating of zirconium tetrachloride solutions at temperatures equal to 180 °C leads in a few minutes to monodispersed nanoscale zirconia particles. Synthesis was performed in a microwave reactor called the RAMO system. This microwave reactor was designed by the authors. This flash-synthesis process combines the advantages of forced hydrolysis (homogeneous precipitation) and microwave heating (very fast heating rates). The sols and powders were characterized by x-ray diffraction,photon correlation spectroscopy (PCS), small-angle x-ray scattering, and transmission electron microscopy. Sols are colloidally stable, which means that after 6 months no sedimentation is observed and the size distribution given by PCS measurements has not changed. For all synthesis conditions (with or without HCl, zirconium salt concentration, and synthesis time), zirconia polycrystalline particles were produced. According to the different analyses, these zirconia polycrystalline particles were constituted of aggregates of small primary clusters.



Hide All
1Dai, J.Y., Ong, H.C., and Chang, R.P.H., J. Mater. Res. 14, 1329 (1999).
2Belot, J.A., McNeely, R.J., Wang, A., Reedy, C.J., Marks, T.J., Yap, G.P.A., and Rheingold, A.L., J. Mater. Res. 14, 12 (1999).
3Si, J., Desu, S.B., and Tsai, C.Y., J. Mater. Res. 9, 1721 (1994).
4Gould, B.J., Povey, I.M., Pemble, M.E., and Flavell, W.R., J. Mater. Chem. 4, 1815 (1994).
5Kim, E.T. and Yoon, S.G., Thin Solid Films 227, 7 (1993).
6Kao, A.S. and Gorman, G.L., J. Appl. Phys. 67, 3826 (1990).
7Heuer, A.H., J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 70, 689 (1987).
8Shi, J.L., J. Mater. Res. 14, 1389 (1999).
9Ramamoorthy, R., Ramasamy, S., and Sundararaman, D., J. Mater. Res. 14, 90 (1999).
10Matijevic, E., Pure Appl. Chem. 60, 1479 (1988).
11Chen, S.L., Dong, P., Yang, G.H., and Yang, J.J., Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 35, 4487 (1996).
12Matijevic, E., Acc. Chem. Res. 14, 22 (1981).
13Clearfield, A., Inorg. Chem. 3, 146 (1964).
14Murase, Y. and Kato, E., J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 66, 196 (1983).
15Morgan, P.E.D., J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 67, C204 (1984).
16Blesa, M.A., Maroto, A.J.G., Passaggio, S.I., Figliolia, N.E., and Rigotti, G., J. Mater. Sci. 20, 4601 (1985).
17Hu, M.Z.C., Harris, M.T., and Byers, C.H., J. Colloid Interface Sci. 198, 87 (1998).
18Rigneau, P., Bellon, K., Zahreddine, I., and Stuerga, D., Eur. Phys. J. AP 7, 41 (1999).
19Rigneau, P., Bellon, K., and Stuerga, D., in Second European Work-shop on Microwave Processing of Materials (Second European Workshop on Microwave Processing of Materials Proceedings, Karlsruhe, Germany, 1997), (M. Willert-Porada, Karlsruhe, Germany), p. 101.
20Rigneau, P., Bellon, K., and Stuerga, D., in Sixth International Conference on Microwave and High Frequency Heating (Sixth International Conference on Microwave and High Frequency Heating Proceedings, Fermo, Italy, 1997), (G. Breccia, Fermo, Italy), p. 465.
21Daichuan, D., Pinjie, H., and Shushan, D., Mater. Res. Bull. 30, 531 (1995).
22Daichuan, D., Pinjie, H., and Shushan, D., Mater. Res. Bull. 30, 537 (1995.)
23Moon, Y.T., Kim, D.K., and Kim, C.H., J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1103 (1995).
24Rodriguez-Clemente, R. and Gomez-Morales, J., J. Cryst. Growth 169, 339 (1996).
25Ma, Y., Vileno, E., Suib, S.L., and Dutta, P.K., Chem. Mater. 9, 3023 (1997).
26Komarneni, S., Li, Q.H., and Roy, R., J. Mater. Chem. 4, 1903 (1994).
27Girnus, I., Pohl, M-M., Richter-Mendau, J., Schneider, M., Noack, M., Venzke, D., and J. Caro. Adv. Mater. 7, 711 (1995).
28Stuerga, D. and Gaillard, P., Tetrahedron 52, 5505 (1996).
29Randle, K.J., Chem. Ind. 19, 74 (1980).
30De Jaeger, N., Demeyere, H., Finsy, R., Sneyers, R., Vanderdeelen, J., Van Der Meeren, P., and Van Laethem, M., Part. Part. Syst. Charact. 8, 179 (1991).
31Finsy, R. and De Jaeger, N., Part. Part. Syst. Charact. 8, 187 (1991).
32Finsy, R., De Jaeger, N., Sneyers, R., and E. Geladé, Part. Part. Syst. Charact. 9, 125 (1992).
33Clearfield, A. and Vaughan, P.A., Acta Crystallogr. 9, 555 (1956).
34Mak, T.C.W., Can. J. Chem. 46, 3491 (1968).
35Muha, G.M. and Vaughan, P.A., J. Chem. Phys. 33, 194 (1960).
36Aberg, M., Acta Chem. Scand. B 31, 171 (1977).
37Matijevic, E., Langmuir 2, 12 (1986).

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Flash synthesis of zirconia nanoparticles by microwave forced hydrolysis

  • K. Bellon (a1), D. Chaumont (a1) and D. Stuerga (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.