Skip to main content Accessibility help

Facile synthesis and electrochemical properties of alpha-phase ferric oxide hematite cocoons and rods as high-performance anodes for lithium-ion batteries

  • Wei An Ang (a1), Nutan Gupta (a2), Raghavan Prasanth (a3), Huey Hoon Hng (a4) and Srinivasan Madhavi (a5)...


Unique cocoon- and rod-shaped alpha-phase ferric oxide, hematite (α-Fe2O3) is prepared by a simple, scalable and surfactant-free chimie douce synthesis. The structure and morphology is confirmed by x-ray diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The electrochemical properties of α-Fe2O3 anodes are investigated using cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge-discharge cycling and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The mesoporous α-Fe2O3 exhibited an initial discharge capacity >1741 mAh/g with excellent cycling performance and rate capabilities. The solvent used for the preparation of α-Fe2O3 plays a key role in determining the morphology of the materials, which greatly influenced its electrochemical properties.


Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:


Hide All
1.Shim, J. and Striebel, K.A.: Cycling performance of low-cost lithium ion batteries with natural graphite and LiFePO4. J. Power Sources 119, 955 (2003).
2.Goodenough, J.B. and Kim, Y.: Challenges for rechargeable Li batteries. Chem. Mater. 22, 587 (2010).
3.Manthiram, A.: Materials challenges and opportunities of lithium ion batteries. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2, 176 (2011).
4.Zhou, J., Song, H., Chen, X., Zhi, L., Yang, S., Huo, J., and Yang, W.: Carbon-encapsulated metal oxide hollow nanoparticles and metal oxide hollow nanoparticles: A general synthesis strategy and its application to lithium-ion batteries. Chem. Mater. 21, 2935 (2009).
5.Zhu, X., Zhu, Y., Murali, S., Stoller, M.D., and Ruoff, R.S.: Nanostructured reduced graphene oxide/Fe2O3 composite as a high-performance anode material for lithium ion batteries. ACS Nano 5, 3333 (2011).
6.Lian, P., Zhu, X., Xiang, H., Li, Z., Yang, W., and Wang, H.: Enhanced cycling performance of Fe3O4-graphene nanocomposite as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries. Electrochim. Acta 56, 834 (2010).
7.Chen, J., Xu, L.N., Li, W.Y., and Gou, X.L.: Alpha-Fe2O3 nanotubes in gas sensor and lithium-ion battery applications. Adv. Mater. 17, 582 (2005).
8.Wu, Z.C., Yu, K., Zhang, S.D., and Xie, Y.: Hematite hollow spheres with a mesoporous shell: Controlled synthesis and applications in gas sensor and lithium ion batteries. J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 11307 (2008).
9.Reddy, M.V., Yu, T., Sow, C.H., Shen, Z.X., Lim, C.T., Rao, G.V.S., and Chowdari, B.V.R.: α-Fe2O3 nanoflakes as an anode material for Li-ion batteries. Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 2792 (2007).
10.Liu, H., Wexler, D., and Wang, G.X.: One-pot facile synthesis of iron oxide nanowires as high-capacity anode materials for lithium ion batteries. J. Alloys Compd. 487, L24 (2009).
11.Zeng, S.Y., Tang, K.B., and Li, T.W.: Controlled synthesis of alpha-Fe2O3 nanorods and its size-dependent optical absorption, electrochemical, and magnetic properties. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 312, 513 (2007).
12.Nuli, Y., Zeng, R., Zhang, P., Guo, Z.P., and Liu, H.K.: Controlled synthesis of alpha-Fe2O3 nanostructures and their size-dependent electrochemical properties for lithium-ion batteries. J. Power Sources 184, 456 (2008).
13.Scher, E.C., Manna, L., and Alivisatos, A.P.: Shape control and applications of nanocrystals. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 361, 241 (2003).
14.Donega, C.D., Liljeroth, P., and Vanmaekelbergh, D.: Physicochemical evaluation of the hot-injection method, a synthesis route for monodisperse nanocrystals. Small 1, 1152 (2005).
15.Niederberger, M., Garnweitner, G., Buha, J., Polleux, J., Ba, J.H., and Pinna, N.: Nonaqueous synthesis of metal oxide nanoparticles: Review and indium oxide as case study for the dependence of particle morphology on precursors and solvents. J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 40, 259 (2006).
16.Garnweitner, G. and Niederberger, M.: Nonaqueous and surfactant-free synthesis routes to metal oxide nanoparticles. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89, 1801 (2006).
17.Polleux, J., Antonietti, M., and Niederberger, M.: Ligand and solvent effects in the nonaqueous synthesis of highly ordered anisotropic tungsten oxide nanostructures. J. Mater. Chem. 16, 3969 (2006).
18.Ozin, G.A.: Panoscopic materials: Synthesis over ‘all’ length scales. Chem. Commun. 6, 419 (2000).
19.Fuoss, R.M.: Ionic association. 3. The equilibrium between ion pairs and free ions. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 5059 (1958).
20.Jun, Y.W., Choi, J.S., and Cheon, J.: Shape control of semiconductor and metal oxide nanocrystals through nonhydrolytic colloidal routes. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 45, 3414 (2006).
21.Webb, P.A. and Orr, C.: Analytical Methods in Fine Particle Technology (Micromeritics, Norcross, GA, 1997).
22.Liu, H., Wang, G.X., Park, J., Wang, J., Liu, H., and Zhang, C.: Electrochemical performance of alpha-Fe2O3 nanorods as anode material for lithium-ion cells. Electrochim. Acta 54, 1733 (2009).
23.Hassan, M.F., Rahman, M.M., Guo, Z.P., Chen, Z.X., and Liu, H.K.: Solvent-assisted molten salt process: A new route to synthesize alpha-Fe2O3/C nanocomposite and its electrochemical performance in lithium-ion batteries. Electrochim. Acta 55, 5006 (2010).
24.Poizot, P., Laurelle, S., Grugeon, S., and Tarascon, J.M.: Rationalization of the low-potential reactivity of 3d-metal-based inorganic compounds toward Li. J. Electrochem. Soc. 149, A1212 (2002).
25.Hassan, M.F., Guo, Z.P., Chen, Z.X., and Liu, H.K.: α-Fe2O3 as an anode material with capacity rise and high rate capability for lithium-ion batteries. Mater. Res. Bull. 46, 858 (2011).
26.Kang, J.G., Ko, Y.D., Park, J.G., and Kim, D.W.: Origin of capacity fading in nano-sized Co3O4 electrodes: Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy study. Nanoscale Res. Lett. 3, 390 (2008).


Facile synthesis and electrochemical properties of alpha-phase ferric oxide hematite cocoons and rods as high-performance anodes for lithium-ion batteries

  • Wei An Ang (a1), Nutan Gupta (a2), Raghavan Prasanth (a3), Huey Hoon Hng (a4) and Srinivasan Madhavi (a5)...


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed