Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Facile preparation of three-dimensional honeycomb nitrogen-doped carbon materials for supercapacitor applications

  • Hongjuan Zhang (a1), Zunli Mo (a1), Ruibin Guo (a1), Nijuan Liu (a1), Min Yan (a1), Ruijuan Wang (a1), Hangkong Feng (a1) and Xiaojiao Wei (a1)...

Abstract

The preparation of three-dimensional honeycomb nitrogen-doped carbon materials (3D-HNCMs) which can be used as electrode materials for supercapacitors is reported. The composites with the 3D honeycomb structure exhibited better electrochemical performance, and the structure and properties were proved by various means, such as SEM, TEM, IR, N2 sorption, XRD and XPS. Used as electrode materials for supercapacitors in the KOH electrolyte, 3D-HNCMs displayed a significantly high specific capacitance (409 F/g at a current of 0.5 A/g). Moreover, the 3D-HNCM electrode exhibited superior electrochemical performance, such as excellent cycling stability (98% capacitance retention after 10,000 cycles), a maximum energy density of 15.37 W h/kg, a maximum power density of 40.3 kW/kg, and low equivalent series resistance (2.1 Ω). Particularly, the electrochemical characteristic of 3D-HNCMs could be attributed to the synergistic effect of a high surface area, unique microporous and mesoporous structure, and nitrogen atom doping. These carbon materials with unique structure are promising electrode materials for future supercapacitor application.

Copyright

Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: mozlnwnu2010@163.com

References

Hide All
1.Liu, D., Yu, S., Shen, Y., Chen, H., Shen, Z.H., Zhao, S.Y., Fu, S.Y., Yu, Y.M., and Bao, B.F.: Polyaniline coated boron doped biomass derived porous carbon composites for supercapacitor electrode materials. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 54, 12570 (2015).
2.Brownson, D.A., Kampouris, D.K., and Banks, C.E.: An overview of graphene in energy production and storage applications. J. Power Sources 196, 4873 (2011).
3.Chen, H., Liu, D., Shen, Z., Bao, B., Zhao, S., and Wu, L.: Functional biomass carbons with hierarchical porous structure for supercapacitor electrode materials. Electrochim. Acta 180, 241251 (2015).
4.Strauss, V., Marsh, K., and Kowal, M.D.: A simple route to porous graphene from carbon nanodots for supercapacitor applications. Adv. Mater. 30, 1704449 (2018).
5.Jin, J.T., Qiao, X.C., Zhou, F., Wu, Z.S., Cui, L.F., and Fan, H.B.: Interconnected phosphorus and nitrogen co-doped porous exfoliated carbon nanosheets for high-rate supercapacitors. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9, 17317 (2017).
6.Huang, J.S., Qiao, R., Sumpter, B.G., and meuniera, V.: Effect of diffuse layer and pore shapes in mesoporous carbon supercapacitors. J. Mater. Res. 25, 14691475 (2011).
7.Mondal, A.K., Kretschemer, K., Zhao, Y., Liu, H., Wang, C., Sun, B., and Wang, G.: Nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanosheets from eco-friendly eucalyptus leaves as high performance electrode materials for supercapacitors and lithium ion batteries. Chemistry 23, 3683 (2017).
8.Li, D., Li, Y., Zhao, J., and Xu, Z.: Three-dimensional porous layered double hydroxides growing on carbon cloth as binder-free electrodes for supercapacitors. J. Mater. Res. 32, 110 (2017).
9.Madhu, R., Sankar, K.V., Chen, S.M., and Selvan, R.K.: Eco-friendly synthesis of activated carbon from dead mango leaves for the ultrahigh sensitive detection of toxic heavy metal ions and energy storage applications. RSC Adv. 4, 1225 (2013).
10.Mousavikhoshdel, M., Targholi, E., and Momeni, M.J.: First-principles calculation of quantum capacitance of codoped graphenes as supercapacitor electrodes. J. Phys. Chem. C 119, 26290 (2015).
11.Liu, Y., Shi, Z., Gao, Y., An, W., Cao, Z., and Liu, J.: Biomass-swelling assisted synthesis of hierarchical porous carbon fibers for supercapacitor electrodes. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 28283 (2016).
12.Sun, L., Zhou, H., Li, Y.H., Yu, F., Zhang, C., Liu, X.Q., and Zhou, Y.M.: Protic ionic liquid derived nitrogen/sulfur-codoped carbon materials as high-performance electrodes for supercapacitor. Mater. Lett. 189, 107 (2017).
13.Ma, C., Chen, X.Y., Long, D.H., Wang, J.T., Qiao, W.M., and Ling, L.C.: High -surface -area and high -nitrogen -content carbon microspheres prepared by a pre-oxidation and mild KOH activation for superior supercapacitor. Carbon 118, 699 (2017).
14.Wang, B., Qiu, J., Feng, H., Sakai, E., and Komiyama, T.: KOH-activated nitrogen doped porous carbon nanowires with superior performance in supercapacitors. Electrochim. Acta 190, 229 (2016).
15.Tee, E., Tallo, I., Kurig, H., Thomberg, T., Janes, A., and Lust, E.: Huge enhancement of energy storage capacity and power density of supercapacitors based on the carbon dioxide activated microporous SiC-CDC. Electrochim. Acta 161, 364 (2015).
16.Wang, H.W., Yi, H., Zhu, C.G., Wang, X.F., and Fan, H.J.: Functionalized highly porous graphitic carbon fibers for high-rate supercapacitive electrodes. Nano Energy 13, 658 (2015).
17.Su, F.B., Poh, C.K., Chen, J.S., Xu, G.W., Wang, D., Li, Q., and Lin, J.Y.: Nitrogen-contain ingmicroporous carbon nanospheres with improved capacitive properties. Energy Environ. Sci. 43, 717 (2010).
18.Cheng, P., Gao, S.Y., Zang, P.Y., Yang, X.F., Bai, Y.L., Xu, H., Liu, Z.H., and Lei, Z.B.: Hierarchically porouscarbon by activation of shiitake mushroom for capacitive energy storage. Carbon 93, 315 (2015).
19.Tang, D., Hu, S., Dai, F., Yi, R., Gordin, M.L., Chen, S., Song, J., and Wang, D.: Self -templated synthesis of sesoporous sarbon from carbon tetrachloride precursor for supercapacitor electrodes. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 6779 (2016).
20.Li, B.Q., Cheng, Y.F., Dong, L.P., Wang, Y.M., Chen, J.C., Huang, C.F., Wei, D.Q., Feng, Y.J., Jia, D.C., and Zhou, Y.: Nitrogen doped and hierarchically porous carbons derived from chitosan hydrogel via rapid microwave carbonization for high -performance supercapacitors. Carbon 122, 592 (2017).
21.Wang, J.C. and Liu, Q.: Fungi-derived hierarchically porous carbons for high performance supercapacitors. RSC Adv. 5, 4396 (2015).
22.Xiao, K., Zeng, Y.H., Long, J., Chen, H.B., Ding, L.X., Wang, S.Q., and Wang, H.H.: Highly compressible nitrogen-doped carbon foam electrode with excellent rate capability via a smart etching and catalytic process. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9, 15477 (2017).
23.Wang, Y., Yan, X.D., Tu, M.J., Cheng, J., and Zhang, J.Y.: Resin-derived activated carbons with in situ nitrogen doping and high specific surface area for high-performance supercapacitors. Mater. Lett. 191, 178 (2017).
24.Chen, A.B., Yu, Y.F., Xing, T.T., Wang, R.J., Li, Y.L., and Li, Y.T.: Synthesis of nitrogen -doped hierarchical porous carbon for supercapacitors. Mater. Lett. 157, 30 (2015).
25.Sun, F., Gao, J.H., Pi, X.X., Wang, L.J., Yang, Y.Q., Qu, Z.B., and Wu, S.H.: High performance aqueous supercapacitor based on highly nitrogen-doped carbon nanospheres with unimodal mesoporosity. J. Power Sources 337, 189196 (2017).
26.Zhou, M., Pu, F., Wang, Z., and Guan, S.Y.: Nitrogen-doped porous carbons through KOH activation with superior performance in supercapacitors. Carbon 68, 185 (2014).
27.Zhao, J., Lai, H.W., Lyu, Z.Y., Jiang, Y.F., Xie, K., Wang, X.Z., Wu, Q., Yang, L.J., Jin, Z., Ma, Y.W., Liu, J., and Hu, Z.: Hydrophilic hierarchical nitrogen-doped carbon nanocages for ultrahigh supercapacitive performance. Adv. Mater. 27, 3541 (2015).
28.Hou, J.H., Cao, C.B., Idrees, F., and Ma, X.L.: Hierarchical porous nitrogen-doped carbon nanosheets derived from silk for ultrahigh-capacity battery anodes and supercapacitors. ACS Nano 9, 2556 (2015).
29.Wu, X.L., Jiang, L.L., Long, C.L., and Fan, Z.J.: From flour to honeycomb-like carbon foam: Carbon makes room for high energy density supercapacitors. Nano Energy 13, 527 (2015).
30.Wang, G.Q., Zhang, J., Kuang, S., Zhou, J., Xing, W., and Zhou, S.P.: Nitrogen-doped hierarchical porous carbon as an efficient electrode material for supercapacitors. Electrochim. Acta 153, 273 (2015).
31.Wang, J. and Kaskel, S.: KOH activation of carbon-based materials for energy storage. J. Mater. Chem. 22, 23710 (2012).
32.Otowa, T., Tanibata, R., and Itoh, M.: Production and adsorption characteristics of MAXSORB: High-surface-area active carbon. Gas Sep. Purif. 7, 241 (1993).
33.Guan, H.T., Dang, W.H., Chen, G., Dong, C.J., and Wang, Y.D.: RGO/KMn8O16 composite as supercapacitor electrode with high specific capacitance. Ceram. Int. 42, 5195 (2016).
34.Okpalugo, T.I.T., Papakonstantinou, P., Murphy, H., Mclaughlin, J., and Brown, N.M.D.: High resolution XPS characterization of chemical functionalised MWCNTs and SWCNTs. Carbon 43, 153 (2005).
35.Rao, C.N.R., Gopalakrishnan, K., and Govindaraj, A.: Synthesis, properties and applications of graphene doped with boron, nitrogen and other elements. Nano Today 9, 324 (2014).
36.Maiti, U.N., Lee, W.J., Lee, J.M., Oh, Y., Kim, J.Y., Kim, J.E., Shim, J., Han, T.H., and Kim, S.O.: 25th anniversary article: Chemically modified/doped carbon nanotubes & graphene for optimized nanostructures & nanodevices. Adv. Mater. 26, 40 (2014).
37.Yan, K., Kong, L.B., Shen, K.W., Dai, Y.H., Shi, M., Hu, B., Luo, Y.C., and Kang, L.: Facile preparation of nitrogen-doped hierarchical porous carbon with high performance in supercapacitors. Appl. Surf. Sci. 364, 850 (2016).
38.Xu, B., Zheng, D.F., Jia, M.Q., Cao, G.P., and Yang, Y.S.: Nitrogen-doped porous carbon simplyprepared by pyrolyzing a nitrogen-containing organic salt for supercapacitors. Electrochim. Acta 98, 176 (2013).
39.Zhou, J., Zhang, Z.S., Xing, W., Yu, J., Han, G.X., Si, W.J., and Zhuo, S.P.: Nitrogen-doped hierarchical porous carbon materials prepared from meta-aminophenol formaldehyde resin for supercapacitor with high rate performance. Electrochim. Acta 53, 68 (2015).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Zhang et al. supplementary material
Figures S1-S2 and Tables S1-S3

 Word (11.1 MB)
11.1 MB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed