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Fabrication of titanium-based microstructured surfaces and study on their superhydrophobic stability

  • Baojia Li (a1), Ming Zhou (a1), Run Yuan (a1) and Lan Cai (a1)

Abstract

Based on the classical wetting theories, two theoretically predicted formulas of the apparent contact angles on square-pillar-array microstructured surfaces for Wenzel mode and Cassie mode have been derived, respectively. The theories of superhydrophobic stability on microstructured surfaces have been summarized. Four square-pillar-array samples were fabricated on titanium substrates by using the femtosecond laser micromachining technology, and wettability was analyzed by both experimental and analytical methods. The results showed that the titanium-based surfaces are superhydrophobic. The maximal apparent contact angle is up to 156.9°, while the corresponding sliding angle is 4.7°. Testing of the superhydrophobic stability of the surfaces showed that the maximal deviation of the apparent contact angles is only 0.6°. Analyses indicate that the stable superhydrophobicity of the supplied titanium-based surfaces is within a certain range and not perfect. To improve that, a practical controllable method is proposed herein for the design of a stable superhydrophobic surface.

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Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: zm2109@126.com or zm_laser@126.com

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Fabrication of titanium-based microstructured surfaces and study on their superhydrophobic stability

  • Baojia Li (a1), Ming Zhou (a1), Run Yuan (a1) and Lan Cai (a1)

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