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Effects of nanostructures on the fracture strength of the interfaces in nacre

  • F. Song (a1) and Y. L. Bai (a1)

Abstract

A strengthening mechanism arising from the mineral bridges in the organic matrix layers of nacre (mother of pearl) is presented by studying the structural and mechanical properties of the interfaces in nacre. This mechanism not only increases the average fracture strength of the organic matrix interfaces by about five times, but also effectively arrests the cracks in the organic matrix layers and causes the crack deflection in this biomaterial. The present investigation shows that the main mechanism governing the strength of the organic matrix layers of nacre relies on the mineral bridges rather than the organic matrix. This study provides a guide to the interfacial design of synthetic materials.

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