Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Effect of Dy on the dielectric nonlinear behavior of Mn and V-doped BaTiO3 multilayer ceramic capacitors

  • Seok-Hyun Yoon (a1)

Abstract

The effect of Dy-doping on the dielectric nonlinearity was investigated in Mn and V-doped BaTiO3 multilayer ceramic capacitors under the same grain size condition, which was described by the Preisach model utilizing the first order reversal curve (FORC) distribution. The dielectric constants in both low and high field region could be enhanced by the Dy-doping, and it was associated with the increase of both reversible and irreversible FORC distributions near zero bias, whereas there was little variation in the saturation polarization that scales to the magnitude of spontaneous polarization. These results demonstrate that both reversible and irreversible domain wall motions are enhanced by Dy-donor incorporation in BaTiO3 resulting in softening of the dielectrics and increase of dielectric constants, which is supposed to be caused by the decrease of the pinning sources such as defect dipoles formed by the oxygen vacancies and their interaction with the domain walls.

Copyright

Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: seokhyun72.yoon@samsung.com

References

Hide All
1.Arlt, G., Hennings, D., and Dewith, G.: Dielectric properties of fine-grained barium titanate ceramics. J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1619 (1985).
2.Frey, M.H., Xu, Z., Han, P., and Payne, D.A.: The role of interfaces on an apparent grain size effect on the dielectric properties for ferroelectric barium titanate ceramics. Ferroelectrics 206, 337 (1998).
3.Hosina, T., Takizawa, K., Li, J., Kasama, T., Kakemoto, H., and Tsurumi, T.: Domain size effect on dielectric properties of barium titanate ceramics. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 7607 (2008).
4.Zhao, Z., Buscaglia, V., Viviami, M., Buscaglia, M.T., Mitoseriu, L., Testino, A., Nygren, M., Johnsson, M., and Nanni, P.: Grain-size effects on the ferroelectric behavior of dense nanocrystalline BaTiO3 ceramics. Phys. Rev. B 70, 024107 (2004).
5.Arlt, G.: The influence of microstructure on the properties of ferroelectric ceramics. Ferroelectrics 104, 217 (1990).
6.Yoon, S.H., Kim, S.J., Kim, S.H., and Kim, D.Y.: Influence of excess Ba concentration on the dielectric nonlinearity in Mn and V-doped BaTiO3 multi layer ceramic capacitors. J. Appl. Phys. 114, 224103 (2013).
7.Lee, S., Rossetti, G.A., Liu, Z.K., and Randall, C.A.: Intrinsic ferroelectric properties of the nonstoichiometric perovskite oxide. J. Appl. Phys. 105, 093519 (2009).
8.Zhu, W., Fujii, I., Ren, W., and Mckinstry, S.T.: Domain wall motion in A and B site donor-doped Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 films. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95, 2906 (2012).
9.Garcia, J.E., Perez, R., Ochoa, D.A., Albareda, A., Lente, M.H., and Eiras, J.A.: Evaluation of domain wall motion in lead zirconate titanate ceramics by nonlinear response measurements. J. Appl. Phys. 103, 054108 (2008).
10.Hennings, D.F.K.: Dielectric materials for sintering in reducing atmospheres. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 21, 1637 (2001).
11.Kishi, H., Mizuno, Y., and Chazono, H.: Base-metal electrode-multilayer ceramic capacitors: Past, present and future perspectives. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1 (2003).
12.Randall, C.A.: Scientific and engineering issues of the state-of-the-art and future multilayer capacitors. J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 109, S2 (2001).
13.Yoon, S.H., Lim, J.B., Kim, S.H., and Kim, D.Y.: Influence of Dy on the dielectric aging and thermally stimulated depolarization current in Dy and Mn-codoped BaTiO3 multilayer ceramic capacitor. J. Mater. Res. 28, 3252 (2013).
14.Tsur, Y. and Randall, C.A.: How trivalent amphoteric dopants in BaTiO3 ceramics improve reliability of capacitors. AIP Conf. Proc. 535, 283 (2000).
15.Arlt, G. and Pertsev, N.A.: Force constant and effective mass of 90° domain walls in ferroelectric ceramics. J. Appl. Phys. 70, 2283 (1991).
16.Arlt, G. and Peusens, H.: The dielectric constant of coarse grained BaTiO3 ceramics. Ferroelectrics 48, 213 (1983).
17.Herbiet, R., Tenbrock, H., and Arlt, G.: The aging behaviour of the complex material parameters ε, d and s in ferroelectric PZT ceramics. Ferroelectrics 76, 319326 (1987).
18.Damjanovic, D.: Stress and frequency dependence of the direct piezoelectric effect in ferroelectric ceramics. J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1788 (1997).
19.Damjanovic, D.: Ferroelectric, dielectric and piezoelectric properties of ferroelectric thin films and ceramics. Rep. Prog. Phys. 61, 1267 (1998).
20.Mokry, P., Wang, Y.L., Tagantsev, A.K., Damjanovic, D., Stolichnov, I., and Setter, N.: Evidence for dielectric aging due to progressive 180° domain wall pinning in polydomain Pb(Zr0.45Ti0.55)O3 thin films. Phys. Rev. B 79, 054104 (2009).
21.Robert, G., Damjanovic, D., and Setter, N.: Preisach distribution function approach to piezoelectric nonlinearity and hysteresis. J. Appl. Phys. 90, 2459 (2001).
22.Pike, C.R., Roberts, A.P., and Verosub, K.L.: Characterizing interactions in fine magnetic particle systems using first order reversal curves. J. Appl. Phys. 85, 6660 (1999).
23.Fujii, I., Hong, E., and Trolier-Mckinstry, S.: Thickness dependence of dielectric nonlinearity of lead zirconate titanate films. IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control. 57, 1717 (2010).
24.Fujii, I., Ugorek, M., and Trolier-Mckinstry, S.: Grain size effect on the dielectric nonlinearity of BaTiO3 ceramics. J. Appl. Phys. 107, 104116 (2010).
25.Fujii, I., Trolier-Mckinstry, S., and Nies, C.: Effect of grain size on dielectric nonlinearity in model BaTiO3-based multilayer ceramic capacitors. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 194 (2011).
26.Mayergoyz, I.D.: Mathematical Models of Hysteresis and Their Applications, 1st ed. (Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2003).
27.Stancu, A., Ricinschi, D., Mitoseriu, L., Postolache, P., and Okuyama, M.: First-order reversal curves diagrams for the characterization of ferroelectric switching. Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3767 (2003).
28.Han, J.H. and Kim, D.Y.: Determination of three-dimensional grain size distribution by linear intercept measurement. Acta Mater. 46, 2021 (1998).
29.Kholkin, A.L.: Non-linear piezoelectric response in lead zirconate-titanate (PZT) films. Ferroelectrics 238, 235 (2000).
30.Zhang, Q.M., Pan, W.Y., Jang, S.J., and Cross, L.E.: Domain wall excitations and their contributions to the weak-signal response of doped lead zirconate titanate ceramics. J. Appl. Phys. 64, 6445 (1988).
31.Bassiri Gharb, N. and Trolier-Mckinstry, S.: Dielectric nonlinearity of thin films with {100} and {111} crystallographic orientation. J. Appl. Phys. 97, 064106 (2005).
32.Moulson, A.J. and Herbert, J.M.: Electroceramics, Ch. 2 and Ch. 5, 2nd ed. (John Wiley &Sons Ltd, West Sussex, England, 2003).
33.Tsurumi, T., Yamamoto, Y., Kakemoto, H., Wada, S., Chazono, H., and Kishi, H.: Dielectric properties of BaTiO3–BaZrO3 ceramics under a high electric field. J. Mater. Res. 17, 755 (2002).
34.Yoon, S.H., Park, J.S., Kim, C.H., and Kim, D.Y.: Difference between compositional and grain size effect on the dielectric nonlinearity of Mn and V-doped BaTiO3 multilayer ceramic capacitors. J. Appl. Phys. 115, 244101 (2014).
35.Xue, L.A., Chen, Y., and Brook, R.J.: The influence of ionic radii on the incorporation of trivalent dopants into BaTiO3. Mater. Sci. Eng. B1, 193 (1988).
36.Lin, M.H. and Lu, H.Y.: Site-occupancy of Yttrium as a dopant in BaO-excess BaTiO3. Mater. Sci. Eng. A335, 101 (2002).
37.Kim, J.H., Yoon, S.H., and Han, Y.H.: Effect of Y2O3 addition on electrical conductivity and dielectric properties of Ba-excess BaTiO3. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27, 1113 (2007).

Keywords

Effect of Dy on the dielectric nonlinear behavior of Mn and V-doped BaTiO3 multilayer ceramic capacitors

  • Seok-Hyun Yoon (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed