Skip to main content Accessibility help

Dynamic recrystallization in high-purity aluminum single crystal under frictionless deformation mode at room temperature

  • Yong Seok Choi (a1), Kyung Il Kim (a1), Kyu Hwan Oh (a1), Heung Nam Han (a2), Suk Hoon Kang (a3), Jinsung Jang (a3) and Jun Hyun Han (a4)...


Dynamic recrystallization (DRX) of 99.9999% aluminum single crystal at room temperature was examined under frictionless deformation mode. To exclude the self-heating of the specimen due to applied high strain, a microcrack that localizes the stress at a very small region was intentionally introduced by controlled local necking. For the in situ observation of DRX, a specially designed in situ microdeformation device was positioned inside an electron backscattered diffraction system chamber. Recrystallized grains showed relatively random texture and preferred growth direction. The subgrains with low-angle grain boundaries formed by dynamic recovery transformed into small grains with high-angle grain boundaries, acting as nuclei for discontinuous dynamic recrystallization and growing by further deformation. The DRX in pure aluminum can take place under frictionless tensile deformation conditions at room temperature, and the stress localization and high purity are key issues for the DRX of aluminum at room temperature.


Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:


Hide All
1.Cram, D.G., Zurob, H.S., Brechet, Y.J.M., and Hutchinson, C.R.: Modelling discontinuous dynamic recrystallization using a physically based model for nucleation. Acta Mater. 57, 5218 (2009).
2.Sakai, T. and Jonas, J.J.: Overview no. 35 dynamic recrystallization: Mechanical and microstructural considerations. Acta Metall. 32, 189 (1984).
3.Luton, M. and Sellars, C.: Dynamic recrystallization in nickel and nickel-iron alloys during high temperature deformation. Acta Metall. 17, 1033 (1969).
4.Doherty, R., Hughes, D., Humphreys, F., Jonas, J., Jensen, D.J., Kassner, M., King, W., McNelley, T., McQueen, H., and Rollett, A.: Current issues in recrystallization: A review. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 238, 219 (1997).
5.Gourdet, S. and Montheillet, F.: An experimental study of the recrystallization mechanism during hot deformation of aluminium. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 283, 274 (2000).
6.Gourdet, S. and Montheillet, F.: A model of continuous dynamic recrystallization. Acta Mater. 51, 2685 (2003).
7.Yang, X., Miura, H., and Sakai, T.: Continuous dynamic recrystallization in a superplastic 7075 aluminum alloy. Mater. Trans. 43, 2400 (2002).
8.Bernard, P., Bag, S., Huang, K., and Logé, R.E.: A two-site mean field model of discontinuous dynamic recrystallization. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 528, 7357 (2011).
9.Montheillet, F. and Le Coze, J.: Influence of purity on the dynamic recrystallization of metals and alloys. Phys. Status Solidi A 189, 51 (2002).
10.McQueen, H.: Deficiencies in continuous DRX hypothesis as a substitute for DRV theory. Mater. Forum 28, 351 (2004).
11.McQueen, H.: Development of dynamic recrystallization theory. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 387, 203 (2004).
12.Wang, J., Horita, Z., Furukawa, M., Nemoto, M., Tsenev, N.K., Valiev, R.Z., Ma, Y., and Langdon, T.G.: An investigation of ductility and microstructural evolution in an Al−3% Mg alloy with submicron grain size. J. Mater. Res. 8, 2810 (1993).
13.Kassner, M. and Barrabes, S.: New developments in geometric dynamic recrystallization. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 410, 152 (2005).
14.Chu-ming, L., Jiang, S., and Zhang, X.: Continuous dynamic recrystallization and discontinuous dynamic recrystallization in 99.99% polycrystalline aluminum during hot compression. Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 15, 82 (2005).
15.Bai, S., Liu, Z., Zhou, X., Gu, Y., and Yu, D.: Strain-induced dissolution of Cu-Mg co-clusters and dynamic recrystallization near a fatigue crack tip of an underaged Al-Cu-Mg alloy during cyclic loading at ambient temperature. Scr. Mater. 64, 1133 (2011).
16.Ferrasse, S., Hartwig, K.T., Goforth, R.E., and Segal, V.M.: Microstructure and properties of copper and aluminum alloy 3003 heavily worked by equal channel angular extrusion. Metall. Mater. Trans. A 28, 1047 (1997).
17.Yamagata, H.: Multipeak stress oscillations of five-nine-purity aluminum during a hot compression test. Scr. Metall. Mater. 27, 201 (1992).
18.Yamagata, H.: Dynamic recrystallization of single-crystalline aluminum during compression tests. Scr. Metall. Mater. 27, 727 (1992).
19.Liss, K.D., Schmoelzer, T., Yan, K., Reid, M., Peel, M., Dippenaar, R., and Clemens, H.: In situ study of dynamic recrystallization and hot deformation behavior of a multiphase titanium aluminide alloy. J. Appl. Phys. 106, 113526 (2009).
20.Ferrasse, S., Segal, V.M., Hartwig, K.T., and Goforth, R.E.: Development of a submicrometer-grained microstructure in aluminum 6061 using equal channel angular extrusion. J. Mater. Res. 12, 1253 (1997).
21.Kassner, M., Pollard, J., Evangelista, E., and Cerri, E.: Restoration mechanisms in large-strain deformation of high purity aluminum at ambient temperature and the determination of the existence of “steady-state”. Acta Metall. Mater. 42, 3223 (1994).
22.Kassner, M.E., McQueen, H.J., Pollard, J., Evangelista, E., and Cerri, E.: Restoration mechanisms in large-strain deformation of high purity aluminum at ambient temperature. Scr. Metall. Mater. 31, 1331 (1994).
23.Ponge, D., Bredehöft, M., and Gottstein, G.: Dynamic recrystallization in high purity aluminum. Scr. Mater. 37, 1769 (1997).
24.Hokka, M., Kokkonen, J., Seidt, J., Matrka, T., Gilat, A., and Kuokkala, V-T.: High strain rate torsion properties of ultrafine-grained aluminum. Exp. Mech. 52, 195 (2012).
25.Li, D.H., Yang, Y., Xua, T., Zheng, H.G., Zhu, Q.S., and Zhang, Q.M.: Observation of the microstructure in the adiabatic shear band of 7075 aluminum alloy. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 527, 3529 (2010).
26.Han, J.H., Jee, K.K., and Oh, K.H.: Orientation rotation behavior during in situ tensile deformation of polycrystalline 1050 aluminum alloy. Int. J. Mech. Sci. 45, 1613 (2003).
27.Kim, D.H., Kim, S.J., Kim, S.H., Rollett, A.D., Oh, K.H., and Han, H.N.: Microtexture development during equibiaxial tensile deformation in monolithic and dual phase steels. Acta Mater. 59, 5462 (2011).
28.Hughes, D., Hansen, N., and Bammann, D.: Geometrically necessary boundaries, incidental dislocation boundaries and geometrically necessary dislocations. Scr. Mater. 48, 147 (2003).
29.Kuhlmann-Wilsdorf, D. and Hansen, N.: Geometrically necessary, incidental and subgrain boundaries. Scr. Metall. Mater. 25, 1557 (1991).
30.Mariani, E., Mecklenburgh, J., Wheeler, J., Prior, D.J., and Heidelbach, F.: Microstructure evolution and recrystallization during creep of MgO single crystals. Acta Mater. 57, 1886 (2009).
31.McQueen, H. and Kassner, M.: Comments on ‘a model of continuous dynamic recrystallization’ proposed for aluminum. Scr. Mater. 51, 461 (2004).
32.Yamagata, H.: Dynamic recrystallization and dynamic recovery in pure aluminum at 583K. Acta Metall. Mater. 43, 723 (1995).
33.Chovet, C., Gourdet, S., and Montheillet, F.: Modelling the transition from discontinuous to continuous dynamic recrystallization with decreasing purity in aluminium. Mater. Trans., JIM 41, 109 (2000).
34.Zhang, K., Weertman, J., and Eastman, J.: Rapid stress-driven grain coarsening in nanocrystalline Cu at ambient and cryogenic temperatures. Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 061921 (2005).
35.Yamagata, H., Ohuchida, Y., Saito, N., and Otsuka, M.: Nucleation of new grains during discontinuous dynamic recrystallization of 99.998 mass% aluminum at 453 K. Scr. Mater. 45, 1055 (2001).


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed