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Dissolution and interfacial reactions of Fe in molten Sn-Cu and Sn-Pb solders

  • Yu-chih Huang (a1), Sinn-wen Chen (a1), Wojcieh Gierlotka (a2), Chia-hua Chang (a3) and Jen-chin Wu (a3)...


Solder pots used in wave soldering are usually made using different kinds of steel. Dissolution and interfacial reactions of the Fe substrate in molten Sn-Pb and Sn-Cu solders are investigated in this study. FeSn2 phase is formed in the Sn-0.7wt%Cu/Fe couples reacted at 250, 400, and 500 °C, as well as in the Sn-37wt%Pb/Fe couples reacted at 250 and 400 °C. The activation energies of formation are 123 and 121 kJ/mol in the Sn-Cu/Fe and Sn-Pb/Fe couples, respectively. FeSn phase is the reaction product in the Sn-37wt%Pb/Fe couples reacted 500 °C. The dissolution rates of Fe in the Sn-0.7wt%Cu melt are much higher than those in-the Sn-37wt%Pb melt. The FeSn2 phase layer in the Sn-Cu/Fe couple is not as dense as that in the Sn-Pb/Fe couple and accounts for the very different dissolution rates. Detachment of the reaction FeSn2 phase into the solder matrix is observed in the Sn-Cu/Fe couples, and is a potential contaminant source in wave soldering.


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Dissolution and interfacial reactions of Fe in molten Sn-Cu and Sn-Pb solders

  • Yu-chih Huang (a1), Sinn-wen Chen (a1), Wojcieh Gierlotka (a2), Chia-hua Chang (a3) and Jen-chin Wu (a3)...


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