Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Decoration of carbon nanotubes with gold nanoparticles by electroless deposition process using ethylenediamine as a cross linker

  • Aliyu Muhammad (a1), Nor Azah Yusof (a2), Reza Hajian (a3) and Jaafar Abdullah (a2)

Abstract

Herein, we present a method for decorating multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using ethylenediamine (en) as a linker between MWCNTs and AuNPs. The amine group in en is as growth points for synthesis of AuNPs through electrostatic attraction between the amine groups and ${\rm{AuCl}}_4^ -$ anion while sodium citrate act as reducing agent. The influence of HAuCl4 concentration on the size and distribution of AuNPs in the structure of the Au-decorated nanotubes were investigated. Morphology of the decorated nanotubes was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy while the elemental composition of the decorated tubes and crystallography were investigated by energy dispersive x-ray, x-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared techniques. Cyclic voltammetric and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic analysis revealed that the Au-decorated nanotubes have increased the electro-active surface area and conductivity of electrochemical substrate.

Copyright

Corresponding author

a) Address all correspondence to these authors. e-mail: azahy@upm.edu.my

References

Hide All
1. Dai, H.: Carbon nanotubes: Synthesis, integration, and properties. Acc. Chem. Res. 35, 1035 (2002).
2. Ajayan, P.M. and Zhou, O.Z.: Applications of carbon nanotubes. In Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 80: Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, Structure, Properties, and Applications, M.S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, and P. Avouris, eds. (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, 2001); pp. 391425.
3. Ahmadzadeh Tofighy, M. and Mohammadi, T.: Nitrate removal from water using functionalized carbon nanotube sheets. Chem. Eng. Res. Des. 90(11), 1815 (2012).
4. Rezaei, B. and Damiri, D.: Using of multi-walled carbon nanotubes electrode for adsorptive stripping voltammetric determination of ultratrace levels of RDX explosive in the environmental samples. J. Hazard. Mater. 183(1–3), 138 (2010).
5. Afkhami, A., Khoshsafar, H., Bagheri, H., and Madrakian, T.: Construction of a carbon ionic liquid paste electrode based on multi-walled carbon nanotubes-synthesized Schiff base composite for trace electrochemical detection of cadmium. Mater. Sci. Eng., C 35, 8 (2014).
6. Chen, J. and Lu, G.: Carbon Nanotube-Nanoparticle Hybrid Structures (INTECH, Shanghai, 2007).
7. Georgakilas, V., Gournis, D., Tzitzios, V., Pasquato, L., Guldi, D.M., and Prato, M.: Decorating carbon nanotubes with metal or semiconductor nanoparticles. J. Mater. Chem. 17, 2679 (2007).
8. Clement, P., Hafaiedh, I., Parra, E.J., Thamri, A., Guillot, J., Abdelghani, A., and Llobet, E.: Iron oxide and oxygen plasma functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes for the discrimination of volatile organic compounds. Carbon 78, 510 (2014).
9. Clément, P., Korom, S., Struzzi, C., Parra, E.J., Bittencourt, C., Ballester, P., and Llobet, E.: Deep cavitand self-assembled on Au NPs-MWCNT as highly sensitive benzene sensing interface. Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 4011 (2015).
10. Daniel, M.C. and Astruc, D.: Gold nanoparticles: Assembly, supramolecular chemistry, quantum-size-related properties, and applications toward biology, catalysis, and nanotechnology. Chem. Rev. 104, 293 (2004).
11. Hajian, R., Yusof, N.A., Faragi, T., and Shams, N.: Fabrication of an electrochemical sensor based on gold nanoparticles/carbon nanotubes as nanocomposite materials: Determination of myricetin in some drinks. PloS One 9(5), 1 (2014).
12. Li, F., Wang, Z., Shan, C., Song, J., Han, D., and Niu, L.: Preparation of gold nanoparticles/functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotube nanocomposites and its glucose biosensing application. Biosens. Bioelectron. 24, 1765 (2009).
13. Shi, Y., Yang, R., and Yuet, P.K.: Easy decoration of carbon nanotubes with well dispersed gold nanoparticles and the use of the material as an electrocatalyst. Carbon 47(4), 1146 (2009).
14. Downard, A.J., Tan, E.S.Q., and Yu, S.S.C.: Controlled assembly of gold nanoparticles on carbon surfaces. New J. Chem. 30, 1283 (2006).
15. Hou, X., Wang, L., Wang, X., and Li, Z.: Coating multiwalled carbon nanotubes with gold nanoparticles derived from gold salt precursors. Diamond Relat. Mater. 20(10), 1329 (2011).
16. Zhang, R., Wang, Q., Zhang, L., Yang, S., Yang, Z., and Ding, B.: The growth of uncoated gold nanoparticles on multiwalled carbon nanotubes. Colloids Surf., A 312, 136 (2008).
17. Li, N., Xu, Q., Zhou, M., Xia, W., Chen, X., Bron, M., Schuhmann, W., and Muhler, M.: Ethylenediamine-anchored gold nanoparticles on multi-walled carbon nanotubes: Synthesis and characterization. Electrochem. Commun. 12(7), 939 (2010).
18. Kongkanand, A., Vinodgopal, K., Kuwabata, S., and Kamat, P.V.: Highly dispersed Pt catalysts on single-walled carbon nanotubes and their role in methanol oxidation. J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 16185 (2006).
19. Murugesan, S., Myers, K., and Subramanian, V.R.: Amino-functionalized and acid treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes as supports for electrochemical oxidation of formic acid. Appl. Catal., B 103(3–4), 266 (2011).
20. Freitas, T.A., Mattos, A.B., Silva, B.V.M., and Dutra, R.F.: Amino-functionalization of carbon nanotubes by using a factorial design: Human cardiac troponin T immunosensing application. Biomed Res. Int. 2014, 929786 (2014).
21. Liang, S., Li, G., and Tian, R.: Multi-walled carbon nanotubes functionalized with a ultrahigh fraction of carboxyl and hydroxyl groups by ultrasound-assisted oxidation. J. Mater. Sci. 5(7), 3513 (2016).
22. Shah, P. and Murthy, C.N.: Studies on the porosity control of MWCNT/polysulfone composite membrane and its effect on metal removal. J. Membr. Sci. 437, 90 (2013).
23. Huang, Y.Y. and Terentjev, E.M.: Dispersion of carbon nanotubes: Mixing, sonication, stabilization, and composite properties. Polymers 4, 275 (2012).
24. Zhang, R., Hummelgard, M., and Olin, H.: Simple and efficient gold nanoparticles deposition on carbon nanotubes with controllable particle sizes. Mater. Sci. Eng., B 158, 48 (2009).
25. Islam, M.R., Bach, L.G., Nga, T.T., and Lim, K.T.: Covalent ligation of gold coated iron nanoparticles to the multi-walled carbon nanotubes employing click chemistry. J. Alloys Compd. 561, 201 (2013).
26. Lngford, J.I. and Wilson, A.J.C.: Scherer after sixty years. J. Appl. Cryst. 11, 102 (1978).
27. Ghodselahi, T., Aghababaie, N., Mobasheri, H., and Salimi, K.Z.: Applied surface science fabrication and characterization and biosensor application of gold nanoparticles on the carbon nanotubes. Appl. Surf. Sci. 355, 1175 (2015).
28. Ferrari, A. and Basko, D.: Raman spectroscopy as a versatile tool for studying the properties of graphene. Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 235 (2013).
29. Dresselhaus, M.S., Jorio, A., Hofmann, M., Dresselhaus, G., and Saito, R.: Perspectives on carbon nanotubes and graphene Raman spectroscopy. Nano Lett. 10(3), 751 (2010).
30. Zardini, H.Z., Amiri, A., Shanbedi, M., Maghrebi, M., and Baniadam, M.: Enhanced antibacterial activity of amino acids-functionalized multi walled carbon nanotubes by a simple method. Colloid Surf., B 92, 196 (2012).
31. Wang, J.: Analytical Electrochemistry (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2006).
32. Bard, A.J. and Faulkner, L.R.: Electrochemical Methods: Fundamentals and Applications (John Wiley, New York, NY, 2000).
33. Jia, L. and Wang, H.: Electrochemical reduction synthesis of graphene/Nafion nanocomposite film and its performance on the detection of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine in the presence of uric acid. J. Electroanal. Chem. 705, 37 (2013).
34. Liu, Y., Yin, F., Long, Y., Zhang, Z., and Yao, S.: Study of the immobilization of alcohol dehydrogenase on Au-colloid modified gold electrode by piezoelectric quartz crystal sensor, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance techniques. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 258, 75 (2003).

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Decoration of carbon nanotubes with gold nanoparticles by electroless deposition process using ethylenediamine as a cross linker

  • Aliyu Muhammad (a1), Nor Azah Yusof (a2), Reza Hajian (a3) and Jaafar Abdullah (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.