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Competing fracture modes in brittle materials subject to concentrated cyclic loading in liquid environments: Trilayer structures

  • Ilja Hermann (a1), Sanjit Bhowmick (a1), Yu Zhang (a2) and Brian R. Lawn (a1)

Abstract

A study is made of top-surface cracks induced in brittle trilayers by cyclic indentation with a hard sphere in water. The trilayers consist of an external brittle layer (veneer) fused to an inner stiff and hard ceramic support layer (core), in turn adhesively bonded to a thick compliant base (substrate). These structures are meant to simulate essential aspects of dental crowns, but their applicability extends to a range of engineering coating systems. The study follows on from like studies of brittle monoliths and brittle-plate/soft-substrate bilayers. Competing fracture modes in the outer brittle layer remain the same as before: outer and inner cone cracks and radial cracks, all of which form in the near-contact zone and propagate downward toward the veneer/core interface. Inner cone cracks and radial cracks are especially dangerous because of their relatively steep descent through the outer layer as well as enhanced susceptibility to mechanical fatigue. Experiments are conducted on model glass/alumina/polycarbonate systems, using video cameras to record the fracture evolution in the transparent glass layer in situ during testing. Each fracture mode can lead to failure, depending on the maximum contact load and other variables (plate thickness, sphere radius). The potentially beneficial role of a stiff intervening core is discussed, along with potentially deleterious side effects of residual thermal-expansion-mismatch stresses.

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Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: brian.lawn@nist.gov

References

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Competing fracture modes in brittle materials subject to concentrated cyclic loading in liquid environments: Trilayer structures

  • Ilja Hermann (a1), Sanjit Bhowmick (a1), Yu Zhang (a2) and Brian R. Lawn (a1)

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