Skip to main content Accessibility help

Combustion synthesis of nanoparticulate LiMgxMn1−xPO4 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2) carbon composites

  • Marca M. Doeff, Jiajun Chen, Thomas E. Conry, Ruigang Wang, James Wilcox and Albert Aumentado (a1)...


A combustion synthesis technique was used to prepare nanoparticulate LiMgxMn1−xPO4 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2)/carbon composites. Powders consisted of carbon-coated particles about 30 nm in diameter, which were partly agglomerated into larger secondary particles. The utilization of the active materials in lithium cells depended most strongly on the post-treatment and the Mg content and was not influenced by the amount of carbon. Best results were achieved with a hydrothermally treated LiMg0.2Mn0.8PO4/C composite, which exhibited close to 50% utilization of the theoretical capacity at a C/2 discharge rate.


Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:


Hide All
1.Delacourt, C., Laffont, L., Bouchet, R., Wurm, C., Leriche, J-B., Morcrette, M., Tarascon, J-M., Masquelier, C.Towards understanding of electrical limitations (electronic, ionic) in LiMPO4 (M = Fe, Mn) electrode materials. J. Electrochem. Soc. 152, A913 (2005)
2.Yonemura, M., Yamada, A., Takei, Y., Sonoyama, N., Kanno, R.Comparative kinetic study of olivine LixMPO4 (M = Fe, Mn). J. Electrochem. Soc. 151, A1352 (2004)
3.Yamada, A., Chung, S-C.Crystal chemistry of the olivine-type Li(MnyFe1−y)PO4 and (MnyFe1−y)PO4 as possible 4 V cathode materials for lithium batteries. J. Electrochem. Soc. 148, A960 (2001)
4.Wang, L., Zhou, F., Ceder, G.Ab initio study of the surface properties and nanoscale effects of LiMnPO4. J. Electrochem. Soc. 11, A94 (2008)
5.Delacourt, C., Poizot, P., Morcrette, M., Tarascon, J-M., Masquelier, C.One step low-temperature route for the preparation of electrochemically active LiMnPO4 powders. Chem. Mater. 16, 93 (2004)
6.Kwon, N-H., Drezen, T., Exnar, I., Teerlinck, I., Isono, M., Graetzel, M.Enhanced electrochemical performance of mesoparticulate LiMnPO4 for lithium ion batteries. Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9, A277 (2006)
7.Yang, J., Xu, J.J.Synthesis and characterization of carbon-coated lithium transition metal phosphates LiMPO4 (M = Fe, Mn, Co, Ni) prepared via a nonaqueous sol-gel route. J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, A716 (2006)
8.Kim, T.R., Kim, D.H., Ryu, H.W., Moon, J.H., Lee, J.H., Boo, S., Kim, J.Synthesis of lithium manganese phosphate nanoparticle and its properties. J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68, 1203 (2007)
9.Bakenow, Z., Taniguchi, I.Electrochemical performance of nanocomposite LiMnPO4/C cathode materials for lithium batteries. Electrochem. Commun. 12, 75 (2010)
10.Kohmoto, M., Tabuchi, T., Inamasu, T., Murata, T.Effect of carbon loading method on electrochemical characteristics of LiMnPO4 positive active materials for Li-ion cells214th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society/Prime 2008(The ElectrochemicalSociety Honolulu HI October 12–17 2008) Abstract 1158
11.Drezen, T., Kwon, N-H., Bowen, P., Terrlinck, I., Isono, M., Exnar, I.Effect of particle size on LiMnPO4 cathodes. J. Power Sources 174, 949 (2007)
12.Martha, S.K., Markovsky, B., Grinblat, J., Gofer, Y., Haik, O., Zinigrad, E., Aurbach, D., Drezen, T., Wang, D., Deghenghi, G., Exnar, I.LiMnPO4 as an advanced cathode material for rechargeable lithium batteries. J. Electrochem. Soc. 156, A541 (2009)
13.Chen, G., Wilcox, J.D., Richardson, T.J.Improving the performance of lithium manganese phosphate through divalent cation substitution. Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 11, A190 (2008)
14.Chick, L.A., Pederson, L.R., Maupin, G.D., Bates, J.L., Thomas, L.E., Exarhos, G.J.Glycine-nitrate combustion synthesis of oxide ceramic powders. Mater. Lett. 10, 12 (1990)
15.Doeff, M.M., Wilcox, J.D., Yu, R., Aumentado, A., Marcinek, M., Kostecki, R.Impact of carbon structure and morphology on the electrochemical performance of LiFePO4/C composites. J. Solid State Electrochem. 12, 995 (2008)
16.Chen, J., Vacchio, M.J., Wang, S., Chernova, N., Zavalij, P.Y., Whittingham, M.S.The hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of olivines and related compounds for electrochemical applications. Solid State Ionics 178, 1676 (2008)
17.Tajimi, S., Ikeda, Y., Uematsu, K., Toda, K., Sato, M.Enhanced electrochemical performance of LiFePO4 prepared by hydrothermal reaction. Solid State Ionics 175, 287 (2004)
18.Geller, S., Durand, J.L.Refinement of the structure of LiMnPO4. Acta Crystallogr. 13, 325 (1960)
19.Zhang, J., Gao, L.Synthesis of antimony-doped tin oxide (ATO) nanoparticles by the nitrate-citrate combustion method. Mater. Res. Bull. 39, 2249 (2004)
20.Wilcox, J.D., Doeff, M.M., Marcinek, M., Kostecki, R.Factors influencing the quality of carbon coatings on LiFePO4. J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, A389 (2007)
21.Bruba, C.B., Frech, R.Raman and FTIR spectroscopic study of LixFePO4 (0≤ x≤1). J. Electrochem. Soc. 151, A1032 (2004)
22.Dominko, R., Bele, M., Gaberscek, M., Remskar, M., Hanzel, D., Goupil, J.M., Pejovnik, S., Jamnik, J.Porous olivine composites synthesized by sol-gel technique. J. Power Sources 153, 274 (2006)
23.Shiratsuchi, T., Okada, S., Doi, T., Yamaki, J.Cathodic performance of LiMn1−xMxPO4 (M = Ti, Mg, and Zr) annealed in an inert atmosphere. Electrochim. Acta 54, 3145 (2009)
24.Ishihara, T., Koga, M., Matsumoto, H., Yoshio, M.Electrochemical intercalation of hexafluorophosphate anion into various carbons for cathode of dual-carbon rechargeable battery. Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 10, A74 (2007)
25.Seel, J.A., Dahn, J.R.Electrochemical Intercalation of PF6 into graphite. J. Electrochem. Soc. 147, 892 (2000)
26.Marcinek, M., Kostecki, R.An in situ Raman study of electrochemical PF6− intercalation into carbon blackThe 58th Annual Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry (TheInternational Society of Electrochemistry Banff, Canada 2007)
27.Chen, G., Richardson, T.J.Solid solution phases in the olivine-type LiMnPO4/MnPO4 system. J. Electrochem. Soc. 156, A756 (2009)


Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Combustion synthesis of nanoparticulate LiMgxMn1−xPO4 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2) carbon composites

  • Marca M. Doeff, Jiajun Chen, Thomas E. Conry, Ruigang Wang, James Wilcox and Albert Aumentado (a1)...


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.