Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Application of high-energy oscillating electric current pulse to relieve pulsed-laser surface irradiation induced residual stress in AISI 1045 steel

  • Bang-ping Gu (a1), Jin-tao Lai (a2), Xiong Hu (a3), Zi-di Jin (a4), Hui Zhou (a5), Zhen-sheng Yang (a3) and Long Pan (a6)...

Abstract

The high-energy oscillating electric current pulse (ECP) technology was introduced to relieve the residual stresses in the small AISI 1045 steel specimens treated by the pulsed-laser surface irradiation. The high-energy oscillating ECP stress relief experiments were conducted to study the effectiveness of the high-energy oscillating ECP technology. In addition, the electroplasticity framework was developed based on the thermal activation theory to reveal the mechanism of the high-energy oscillating ECP stress relief. The results show that the high-energy oscillating ECP stress relief has good effects on eliminating the residual stress. Furthermore, the residual stress relieving mechanism of the high-energy oscillating ECP stress relief can be attributed to the electric softening effect and the dynamic stress effect. The findings confirm that the significant effects of high-energy oscillating ECP on metal plasticity and provide a basis to understand the underlying mechanism of the high-energy oscillating ECP stress relief.

Copyright

Corresponding author

a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: 11025033@zju.edu.cn

References

Hide All
1. Chao, Z., Wei, T., and Liang, H.: A comprehensive study of thermal damage consequent to laser surface treatment. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 564(6), 381 (2013).
2. Eto, S., Miura, Y., Tani, J., and Fujii, T.: Effect of residual stress induced by pulsed-laser irradiation on initiation of chloride stress corrosion cracking in stainless steel. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 590, 433 (2014).
3. Aoki, S., Nishimura, T., and Hiroi, T.: Reduction method for residual stress of welded joint using random vibration. Nucl. Eng. Des. 235(14), 1441 (2005).
4. Katsuyama, J., Yamaguchi, Y., Li, Y.S., and Onizawa, K.: Effect of cyclic loading on the relaxation of residual stress in the butt-weld joints of nuclear reactor piping. Nucl. Eng. Des. 278, 222 (2014).
5. Cho, S.K., Yang, Y.S., Son, K.J., and Kim, J.Y.: Fatigue strength in laser welding of the lap joint. Finite Elem. Anal. Des. 40(9–10), 1059 (2004).
6. Pan, L.Y., Athreya, B.P., Forck, J.A., Huang, W., Zhang, L., Hong, T., Li, W.Z., Ulrich, W., and Mach, J.C.: Welding residual stress impact on fatigue life of a welded structure. Weld. World 57(5), 685 (2013).
7. Sasahara, H.: The effect on fatigue life of residual stress and surface hardness resulting from different cutting conditions of 0.45% C steel. Int. J. Mach. Tool. Manu. 45(2), 131 (2005).
8. Ilman, M.N., Kusmono, , and Iswanto, P.T.: Fatigue crack growth rate behavior of friction-stir aluminium alloy AA2024-T3 welds under transient thermal tensioning. Mater. Des. 50(17), 235 (2013).
9. Pouget, G. and Reynolds, A.P.: Residual stress and microstructure effects on fatigue crack growth in AA2050 friction stir welds. Int. J. Fatigue 30(3), 463 (2008).
10. Edwards, P. and Ramulu, M.: Surface residual stress in Ti–6Al–4V friction stir welds: Pre- and post-thermal stress relief. J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 24(9), 3263 (2015).
11. Shalvandi, M., Hojjat, Y., Abdullah, A., and Asadi, H.: Influence of ultrasonic stress relief on stainless steel 316 specimens: A comparison with thermal stress relief. Mater. Des. 46, 713 (2013).
12. Sun, M.C., Sun, Y.H., and Wang, R.K.: The vibratory stress relief of a marine shafting of 35# bar steel. Mater. Lett. 58(3–4), 299 (2004).
13. Walker, C.A., Waddell, A.J., and Johnston, D.J.: Vibratory stress relief-an investigation of the underlying process. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part E 209(15), 51 (1995).
14. Kozlov, A.V., Mordyuk, B.N., and Chernyashevsky, A.V.: On the additivity of acoustoplastic and electroplastic effects. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 190(1–2), 75 (1995).
15. Liu, K., Dong, X.H., Xie, H.Y., and Peng, F.: Effect of pulsed current on the deformation behavior of AZ31B magnesium alloy. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 623, 97 (2015).
16. Li, D.L., Yu, E.L., and Liu, Z.T.: Microscopic mechanism and numerical calculation of electroplastic effect on metal's flow stress. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 580, 410 (2013).
17. Li, D.L. and Yu, E.L.: Computation method of metal's flow stress for electroplstic effect. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 505(1–2), 62 (2009).
18. Roh, J.H., Seo, J.J., Hong, S.T., Kim, M.J., Han, H.N., and Roth, J.T.: The mechanical behavior of 5052-H32 aluminum alloys under a pulsed electric current. Int. J. Plasticity 58(7), 84 (2014).
19. Zuev, L.B., Gromov, V.E., and Gurevich, L.I.: The effect of electric current pulses on the dislocation mobility in zinc single crystals. Phys. Status Solidi 121(2), 437 (1990).
20. Kim, M.S., Vinh, N.T., Yu, H.H., Hong, S.T., Lee, H.W., Kim, M.J., Han, H.N., and Roth, J.T.: Effect of electric current density on the mechanical property of advanced high strength steels under quasi-static tensile loads. Int. J. Precis. Eng. Man. 15(6), 1207 (2014).
21. Zheng, J.Y., He, W., and Shi, Y.B.: Eliminating residual stress in 45 steel quenching specimens by electrical pulse. J. Zhejiang Univ., Eng. Sci. 46(8), 1407 (2012). (in Chinese).
22. Gu, B.P., Yang, Z.S., Pan, L., and Wei, W.: Evolution of microstructure, mechanical properties and high order modal characteristics of AISI 1045 steel subjected to a simulative environment of surface grinding burn. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 82(1), 253 (2016).
23. Standard, A.S.T.M.: ASTM E 837–08 Standard Test Method for Determining Residual Stresses by the Hole-Drilling Strain-Gage Method (ASTM International, Pennsylvania, 2008).
24. Wang, J.P., He, X.C., Wang, B.Q., and Guo, J.D.: Residual stress release in quenched 40Cr steel under electropulsing. Chin. J. Mater. Res. 21(1), 41 (2007). (in Chinese).
25. Argon, A.S.: Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity (Oxford University Press Inc., New York, 2008); pp. 46, 47.
26. Kocks, U.F., Argon, A.S., and Ashby, M.F.: Thermodynamics and kinetics of slip (Pergamon Press Ltd., Oxford, 1975), pp. 18, 19, 40, 105.
27. Kocks, U.F.: Constitutive behavior based on crystal plasticity. In Unified Constitutive Equations for Creep and Plasticity, Miller, A.K., ed.; Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc., New York, 1987; pp. 1821, 23.
28. Kocks, U.F.: Laws for work-hardening and low-temperature creep. J. Eng. Mater. Technol. 98(1), 76 (1976).
29. Fang, X.F. and Dahl, W.: Strain hardening of steels at large strain deformation. Part I: Relationship between strain hardening and microstructures of b.c.c. steels. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 203(1–2), 14 (1995).
30. Estrin, Y. and Mecking, H.: A unified phenomenological description of work hardening and creep based on one-parameter models. Acta Metall. 32(1), 57 (1984).
31. Zhao, Y.G., Ma, B.D., Guo, H.C., Ma, J., Yang, Q., and Song, J.S.: Electropulsing strengthened 2 GPa boron steel with good ductility. Mater. Des. 43, 195 (2013).
32. Roshchupkin, A.M. and Bataronov, I.L.: Physical basis of the electroplastic deformation of metals. Russ. Phys. J. 39(3), 230 (1996).

Keywords

Application of high-energy oscillating electric current pulse to relieve pulsed-laser surface irradiation induced residual stress in AISI 1045 steel

  • Bang-ping Gu (a1), Jin-tao Lai (a2), Xiong Hu (a3), Zi-di Jin (a4), Hui Zhou (a5), Zhen-sheng Yang (a3) and Long Pan (a6)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed