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Paulownia tomentosa derived porous carbon with enhanced sodium storage

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 February 2018

Pan Wang
Affiliation:
Tianjin International Joint Research Centre of Surface Technology for Energy Storage Materials, College of Physics and Materials Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China; and Institute of Advanced Clean Energy, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an 710048, China
Xiaojia Li
Affiliation:
Tianjin International Joint Research Centre of Surface Technology for Energy Storage Materials, College of Physics and Materials Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China; and Institute of Advanced Clean Energy, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an 710048, China
Xifei Li
Affiliation:
Tianjin International Joint Research Centre of Surface Technology for Energy Storage Materials, College of Physics and Materials Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China; and Institute of Advanced Electrochemical Energy, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an 710048, China
Hui Shan
Affiliation:
Institute of Advanced Clean Energy, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an 710048, China
Dejun Li
Affiliation:
Tianjin International Joint Research Centre of Surface Technology for Energy Storage Materials, College of Physics and Materials Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
Xueliang Sun
Affiliation:
Nanomaterials and Energy Lab, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Western University, London, Ontario N6A 5B9, Canada; and Tianjin International Joint Research Centre of Surface Technology for Energy Storage Materials, College of Physics and Materials Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
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Abstract

Porous carbon derived from biomass materials with enrich, low cost, clean, and renewable merits, exhibits various physical and chemical properties. So, it is of great significance to rationally utilize biomass materials for producing porous carbon with low cost to reduce overusing fossil fuel and environmental pollution. In this report, porous carbon has been fabricated using fruits shells of the Paulownia tomentosa by a facile method of KOH-activation. The as-obtained porous carbon containing a larger number of micropores and slight mesopores possesses a high specific surface area (1914.4 m2/g) and well hierarchical porosity. As the anode for sodium ion batteries, the porous carbon sample displays superior cycling stability and rate capability, delivering a reversible specific capacity of 179 mA h/g at 50 mA/g after 100 cycles and a discharge specific capacity of 100 mA h/g at 1 A/g.

Type
Invited Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2018 

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Footnotes

Contributing Editor: Teng Zhai

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