Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-559fc8cf4f-s65px Total loading time: 0.297 Render date: 2021-03-04T03:47:37.228Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

A novel approach of preparing zinc adipate as β-nucleating agent for polypropylene engineering

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 September 2019

Wenli Peng
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Gansu Advanced Non-ferrous Metal Materials, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China; and School of Material Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China
Wenxia Liu
Affiliation:
Lanzhou Petrochemical Research Center, PetroChina, Lanzhou, Gansu 730060, China
Wenxue Zhang
Affiliation:
Lanzhou Petrochemical Research Center, PetroChina, Lanzhou, Gansu 730060, China
Ke Li
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Gansu Advanced Non-ferrous Metal Materials, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China; and School of Material Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China
Xin Liu
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Gansu Advanced Non-ferrous Metal Materials, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China; and School of Material Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China
Zhenbin Chen
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Gansu Advanced Non-ferrous Metal Materials, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China; and School of Material Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China
Zhenghua Tang
Affiliation:
Guangzhou Key Laboratory for Surface Chemistry of Energy Materials, New Energy Research Institute, School of Environment and Energy, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Centre, Guangzhou 5100067, China; and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment and Pollution Control, Guangdong Provincial Engineering and Technology Research Center for Environmental Risk Prevention and Emergency Disposal, School of Environment and Energy, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Centre, Guangzhou 510006, China
Zhen Liu
Affiliation:
Department of Physics and Engineering, Frostburg State University, Frostburg, Maryland 21532, USA
Corresponding
Get access

Abstract

In this work, two types of zinc adipate β-nucleating agents, Adi-Zn(OH)2 (1:1) and Adi-ZnO (1:1), for polypropylene (PP) were prepared and their performances were evaluated and compared with commercial β-nucleating agent (named CNA). Results showed that Adi-Zn(OH)2 (1:1) was more effective in promoting PP to form β-crystals and improving the impact strength of PP in the range of nucleating agent addition (0–0.4 wt%). Based on these findings, the ratio of adipic acid to zinc hydroxide and the nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of the optimum ratio of adipic acid to zinc hydroxide were systematically studied; results showed that at 0.2 wt%, Adi-Zn(OH)2 (1:2), the nucleated PP displayed the highest impact strength, which was 2.6 times that of pure PP and 42% higher than that of CNA. Besides, Adi-Zn(OH)2 (1:2) could also afford to induce the formation of a high content of β-crystals and shorten the crystallization half time (t1/2) and accelerate the crystallization of PP.

Type
Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2019 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Wang, N., Niu, H., and Li, Y.: A novel catalytic way of comprising a β-nucleating agent in isotactic polypropylene: Catalyst design strategy and polymerization-assisted dispersion. Polymer 113, 259 (2017).Google Scholar
Zhou, S., Zhao, S., and Xin, Z.: Preparation and foamability of high melt strength polypropylene based on grafting vinyl polydimethylsiloxane and styrene. Polym. Eng. Sci. 55, 251 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Misztal-Faraj, B.: A simple model of plate-like crystallization with constant plate thickness. J. Mater. Res. 28, 1224 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chen, J-w., Dai, J., Yang, J-h., Huang, T., Zhang, N., and Wang, Y.: Annealing-induced crystalline structure and mechanical property changes of polypropylene random copolymer. J. Mater. Res. 28, 3100 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Latiff, A.A., Mohamad, N., Jeefferie, A.R., Nasir, M.H.M., Siti Rahmah, S., Mahamood, M.A., Chua Abdullah, M.I.H., and Ab Maulod, H.E.: Correlation of wear characteristics with hardness of recycled carbon fiber prepreg reinforced polypropylene composites. J. Mater. Res. 31, 1908 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tate, D., Adams, T., and Burns, B.: Assessment of the impact on the automotive industry of a potential ban on the use of chlorine chemistry. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 60, 1839 (1997).Google Scholar
Guidetti, G.P., Rigosi, G.L., and Marzola, R.: The use of polypropylene in pipeline coatings. Prog. Org. Coat. 27, 79 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Valentina, S., Ignazio, B., Santina, R., Urszula, T., and Marco, D.R.: Gas permeability and thermal behavior of polypropylene films used for packaging minimally processed fresh-cut potatoes: A case study. J. Food Sci. 77, E264 (2012).Google Scholar
Zhang, Y.F. and Xin, Z.: Effects of substituted aromatic heterocyclic phosphate salts on properties, crystallization, and melting behaviors of isotactic polypropylene. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 100, 4868 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kotek, J., Raab, M., Baldrian, J., and Grellmann, W.: The effect of specific β-nucleation on morphology and mechanical behavior of isotactic polypropylene. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 85, 1174 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wei, Z., Zhang, W., Chen, G., Liang, J., Yang, S., Wang, P., and Liu, L.: Crystallization and melting behavior of isotactic polypropylene nucleated with individual and compound nucleating agents. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 102, 775 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Busico, V. and Cipullo, R.: Microstructure of polypropylene. Prog. Polym. Sci. 26, 443533 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Claudio, D.R. and Finizia, A.: Structural-mechanical phase diagram of isotactic polypropylene. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 11024 (2006).Google Scholar
Aboulfaraj, M., G’Sell, C., Ulrich, B., and Dahoun, A.: In situ observation of the plastic deformation of polypropylene spherulites under uniaxial tension and simple shear in the scanning electron microscope. Polymer 36, 731 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhao, S., Cai, Z., and Xin, Z.: A highly active novel β-nucleating agent for isotactic polypropylene. Polymer 49, 2745 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kang, J., He, J., Chen, Z., Yu, H., Chen, J., Yang, F., Cao, Y., and Xiang, M.: Investigation on the crystallization behavior and polymorphic composition of isotactic polypropylene/multi-walled carbon nanotube composites nucleated with β-nucleating agent. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 119, 1769 (2015).Google Scholar
Varga, J. and Menyhárd, A.: Effect of solubility and nucleating duality of N,N′-dicyclohexyl-2,6-naphthalenedicarboxamide on the supermolecular structure of isotactic polypropylene. Macromolecules 40, 2422 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cao, Y., Feng, J., and Wu, P.: DSC and morphological studies on the crystallization behavior of β-nucleated isotactic polypropylene composites filled with Kevlar fibers. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 103, 339 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sun, J., Li, Q., Yao, X.J., and Hu, J.S.: A nematic liquid crystalline polymer as highly active novel β-nucleating agent for isotactic polypropylene. J. Mater. Sci. 48, 4032 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stocker, W., Karakaya, B., Schürmann, B.L., Rabe, J.P., and Schlüter, A.D.: Ordered dendritic nanorods with a poly(p-phenylene) backbone. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120, 7691 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keith, H.D.: Banding in polyethylene and other spherulites. Macromolecules 29, 7776 (1996).Google Scholar
Varga, J. and Karger-Kocsis, J.: Rules of supermolecular structure formation in sheared isotactic polypropylene melts. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 34, 657 (2015).3.0.CO;2-N>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, Z., Chen, C., Liang, D., Zhang, Z., and Mai, K.: Melting characteristic and β-crystal content of β-nucleated polypropylene/polyamide 6 alloys prepared using different compounding methods. Polym. Int. 58, 1366 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, G., Li, X., Chen, J., Yang, J., Huang, T., Liu, X., and Wang, Y.: Crystallization behavior of isotactic polypropylene induced by competition action of β nucleating agent and high pressure. Colloid Polym. Sci. 290, 531 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, Z., Chen, C., Wang, C., Guo, J., and Mai, K.: Nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of isotactic polypropylene nucleated with a novel supported β-nucleating agent. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 103, 311 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leugering, V.H.J.: Einfluß der kristallstruktur und der überstruktur auf einige eigenschaften von polypropylen. Makromol. Chem. 109, 204 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, X., Hu, K., Ji, M., Huang, Y., and Zhou, G.: Calcium dicarboxylates nucleation of β-polypropylene. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 86, 633 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dou, Q.: Effect of calcium salts of aliphatic dicarboxylic acids on the formation of β crystalline form in isotactic poly(propylene). Adv. Mater. Res. 391–392, 875 (2012).Google Scholar
Varga, J.: Beta-modification of isotactic polypropylene: Preparation, structure, processing, properties, and application. J. Macromol. Sci., Part B: Phys. 41, 1121 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, Y., Zhang, W., Qin, W., Xin, Z., Zhao, S., Chen, L., and Zhou, S.: The nucleation effect of self-dispersed β-nucleating agent in ethylene-propylene block copolymerized polypropylene. Colloid Polym. Sci. 296, 1627 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhao, S., Gong, H., Yu, X., Xin, Z., Sun, S., Zhou, S., and Shi, Y.: A highly active and selective β-nucleating agent for isotactic polypropylene and crystallization behavior of β-nucleated isotactic polypropylene under rapid cooling. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 133 , 18 (2016).Google Scholar
Yang, Y., Xin, Z., Zhao, S., Shi, Y., Zhou, S., Zhou, J., and Ye, C.: Nucleation effects of zinc adipate as β-nucleating agent in ethylene-propylene block copolymerized polypropylene. J. Polym. Res. 24, 143 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, F., Wu, T., Xiang, M., and Cao, Y.: Deformation and pore formation mechanism of β nucleated polypropylene with different supermolecular structures. Eur. Polym. J. 91, 134 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shi, S., Zhang, X., Liu, Y., Nie, M., and Wang, Q.: Crystalline modification and morphology of polypropylene developed under the combined effects of montmorillonite and self-assembly β nucleating agent. Compos. Sci. Technol. 135, 76 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, J.X. and Cheung, W.L.: On the deformation mechanisms of β-polypropylene: 1. Effect of necking on β-phase PP crystals. Polymer 39, 6935 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kadam, S.S., Kramer, H.J.M., and Horst, J.H.T.: Combination of a single primary nucleation event and secondary nucleation in crystallization processes. Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 12264 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chuah, K.P., Gan, S.N., and Chee, K.K.: Determination of avrami exponent by differential scanning calorimetry for non-isothermal crystallization of polymers. Polymer 40, 253 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vyazovkin, S., Burnham, A.K., Criado, J.M., Pérez-Maqueda, L.A., Popescu, C., and Sbirrazzuoli, N.: ICTAC Kinetics Committee recommendations for performing kinetic computations on thermal analysis data. Thermochim. Acta 520, 1 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gonzalez-Calderon, J.A., Vallejo-Montesinos, J., Almendarez-Camarillo, A., Montiel, R., and Pérez, E.: Non-isothermal crystallization analysis of isotactic polypropylene filled with titanium dioxide particles modified by a dicarboxylic acid. Thermochim. Acta 631, 8 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhao, S. and Xin, Z.: Crystallization kinetics of isotactic polypropylene nucleated with organic dicarboxylic acid salts. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 112, 1471 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bartczak, Z., Morawiec, J., and Galeski, A.: Structure and properties of isotactic polypropylene oriented by rolling with side constraints. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 86, 1413 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bassett, D.C., Block, S., and Piermarini, G.J.: A high-pressure phase of polyethylene and chain-extended growth. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4146 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Turner-Jones, A. and Cobbold, A.J.M.: The β crystalline form of isotactic polypropylene. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Lett. 6, 539 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Samuels, R.J. and Yee, R.Y.: Characterization of the structure and organization of β-form crystals in type III and type IV isotactic polypropylene spherulites. J. Polym. Sci., Part A-2 10, 385 (1972).Google Scholar
Cai, Z., Zhao, S.C., Shen, B.X., and Xin, Z.: The effect of bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2,3-dicarboxylate on the mechanical properties and crystallization behaviors of isotactic polypropylene. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 116, 792 (2010).Google Scholar
Ozawa, T.: Kinetics of non-isothermal crystallization. Polymer 12, 150 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cazé, C., Devaux, E., Crespy, A., and Cavrot, J.P.: A new method to determine the Avrami exponent by d.s.c. studies of non-isothermal crystallization from the molten state. Polymer 38, 497 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Peng et al. supplementary material

Figures S1-S4

File 9 MB

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 12
Total number of PDF views: 68 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th September 2019 - 4th March 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

A novel approach of preparing zinc adipate as β-nucleating agent for polypropylene engineering
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

A novel approach of preparing zinc adipate as β-nucleating agent for polypropylene engineering
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

A novel approach of preparing zinc adipate as β-nucleating agent for polypropylene engineering
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *