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Nanoenabling electrochemical sensors for life sciences applications

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 August 2017


Paul Galvin
Affiliation:
Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork T12 R5CP, Ireland
Narayanasamy Padmanathan
Affiliation:
Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork T12 R5CP, Ireland
Kafil M. Razeeb
Affiliation:
Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork T12 R5CP, Ireland
James F. Rohan
Affiliation:
Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork T12 R5CP, Ireland
Lorraine C. Nagle
Affiliation:
Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork T12 R5CP, Ireland
Amelie Wahl
Affiliation:
Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork T12 R5CP, Ireland
Eric Moore
Affiliation:
Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork T12 R5CP, Ireland
Walter Messina
Affiliation:
Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork T12 R5CP, Ireland
Karen Twomey
Affiliation:
Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork T12 R5CP, Ireland
Vladimir Ogurtsov
Affiliation:
Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork T12 R5CP, Ireland
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Electrochemical sensing systems are advancing into a wide range of new applications, moving from the traditional lab environment into disposable devices and systems, enabling real-time continuous monitoring of complex media. This transition presents numerous challenges ranging from issues such as sensitivity and dynamic range, to autocalibration and antifouling, to enabling multiparameter analyte and biomarker detection from an array of nanosensors within a miniaturized form factor. New materials are required not only to address these challenges, but also to facilitate new manufacturing processes for integrated electrochemical systems. This paper examines the recent advances in the instrumentation, sensor architectures, and sensor materials in the context of developing the next generation of nanoenabled electrochemical sensors for life sciences applications, and identifies the most promising solutions based on selected well established application exemplars.


Type
Invited Reviews
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2017 

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Footnotes

Contributing Editor: Venkatesan Renugopalakrishnan

This section of Journal of Materials Research is reserved for papers that are reviews of literature in a given area.


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