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Microstructure and properties of a novel wear- and corrosion-resistant stainless steel fabricated by laser melting deposition

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 April 2020

Yurou Han
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang University of Technology, Shenyang, Liaoning 110870, People's Republic of China
Chunhua Zhang
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang University of Technology, Shenyang, Liaoning 110870, People's Republic of China
Xue Cui
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang University of Technology, Shenyang, Liaoning 110870, People's Republic of China
Song Zhang*
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang University of Technology, Shenyang, Liaoning 110870, People's Republic of China
Jiang Chen
Affiliation:
Shenyang Dalu Laser Technology Co., Ltd., Shenyang, Liaoning 110136, People's Republic of China
Shiyun Dong
Affiliation:
National Key Laboratory for Remanufacturing, Army Academy of Armored Forces, Beijing 100072, China
Adil Othman Abdullah
Affiliation:
Stomatology Research Center, School and Hospital of Stomatology, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110002, People's Republic of China
*
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: songzhang_sy@163.com
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Abstract

The study investigated novel wear and corrosion resistance of stainless steel and 316 stainless steel samples which were successfully prepared by laser melting deposition. Phase composition, microstructure, microhardness, wear resistance, and electrochemical corrosion resistance were studied. The experimental results showed that novel stainless steel was mainly composed of α-Fe and a few carbide phase (Cr, Fe)7C3. The microhardness of novel stainless steel was about 2.7 times greater than 316 stainless steel. Meanwhile, the specific wear rate of novel stainless steel and 316 stainless steel was 2.63 × 10−5 mm3/N m and 1.63 × 10−4 mm3/N m, respectively. The wear volume of 316 stainless steel was 6.19 times greater than novel stainless steel. The corrosion current and the corrosion potential of novel stainless steel and 316 stainless steel were 1.02 × 10−7 A/cm2 and 1.5 × 10−7 A/cm2, and −138.8 mV, −135.9 mV, respectively, in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. Therefore, both microhardness and wear resistance of novel stainless steel were greatly improved, with high corrosion resistance.

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Article
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Copyright © Materials Research Society 2020

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