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Influence of growth temperature on the structure, composition and bonding character of nitrogen-doped multiwalled carbon nanotubes

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 February 2011

Yu Zhang
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116024, People’s Republic of China
Lujun Pan
Affiliation:
School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116024, People’s Republic of China
Bin Wen
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116024, People’s Republic of China
Xiaoyang Song
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116024, People’s Republic of China
Chenguang Liu
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116024, People’s Republic of China
Tingju Li
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116024, People’s Republic of China
Corresponding
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Abstract

Nitrogen-doped multiwalled carbon nanotubes (N-doped MWNTs) were synthesized in a large quantity by the pyrolysis of pyridine at various temperatures in the range of 750–950 °C. The influence of temperature on the morphology, composition, thermal stability, and bonding nature of N-doped MWNTs was investigated. It is found that the yield of N-doped MWNTs increases linearly with the increase of the growth temperature. The maximum N content (4.6 at%) in MWNTs was obtained from a sample grown at 900 °C. N-doped MWNTs synthesized at 950 °C possess a unique drumlike morphology with the highest oxidizing temperature (535 °C). It is evidenced that N atoms are incorporated into the graphitic network in three different bonding forms and their relative content is affected by the growth temperature, which shows a clear influence on the morphology of N-doped MWNTs.

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Copyright © Materials Research Society 2011

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