Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-ndjvl Total loading time: 0.395 Render date: 2022-05-21T11:52:28.793Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

Improvement in mechanical properties of sintered zirconia (3% yttria stabilized) by glass infiltration

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2011

A. Balakrishnan
Affiliation:
Department of Information and Electronic Materials Engineering, Paichai University, Daejeon, 302-735, Republic of Korea
B.B. Panigrahi*
Affiliation:
Division of Advanced Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-340, Republic of Korea
Min-Cheol Chu
Affiliation:
Division of Advanced Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-340, Republic of Korea
T.N. Kim
Affiliation:
Department of Information and Electronic Materials Engineering, Paichai University, Daejeon, 302-735, Republic of Korea
Kyung-Jin Yoon
Affiliation:
Division of Advanced Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-340, Republic of Korea
Seong-Jai Cho*
Affiliation:
Division of Advanced Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-340, Republic of Korea
*
a)Address all correspondence to these authors. e-mail: panigrahi14@yahoo.com
b)Address all correspondence to these authors. e-mail: sjcho@kriss.re.kr
Get access

Abstract

The goal of this work was to improve the strength of sintered zirconia (3 mol% yttria stabilized) by surface treatment, using a low expansion glass (Mg3Al2Si6O18) at high temperature. The room-temperature strength was increased by about 42% when the glass was penetrated for 30 min. There was a drastic increase in the Weibull modulus. However, the longer holding time led to grain coarsening and the excess glass deteriorated the strength. The magnitude of the strength increment was on the order of surface stress measured experimentally and thermo-elastic stress predicted theoretically. A significant contribution of phase transformation of zirconia from tetragonal to monoclinic phase on the residual stress was also found. Furthermore, compared to the as-sintered zirconia, the glass-treated sample (penetrated for 30 min) exhibited relatively higher strength at elevated temperature (750 °C) and also showed a significant improvement in the thermal shock resistance behavior.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2007

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

1Kirchner, H.P., Gruver, R.M.Walker, R.E.: Strengthening alumina by glazing and quenching. Bull. Am. Ceram. Soc. 47, 798 1968Google Scholar
2Kirchner, H.P.: Strengthening of Ceramics CRC New York 1979 13Google Scholar
3Kirchner, H.P., Gruver, R.M.Walker, R.E.: Chemical strengthening of polycrystalline alumina. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 51, 251 1968CrossRefGoogle Scholar
4Noda, S., Doi, H., Hioki, T., Kawamoto, J.I.Kamigaito, O.: Strengthening of alumina by reactions with silicon film on the surface and effects of ion irradiation. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 69, c-210 1986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
5Nikolic, L.Radonjic, L.: Alumina strengthening by silica sol-gel coating. Thin Solid Films 295, 101 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
6Watari, T., Shimomura, S., Torikai, T.Imaoka, Y.: Reactive infiltration of magnesium vapor into alumina powder compacts. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 19, 1889 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7Xiao-Ping, L., Jie-Mo, T., Tun-Long, Z.Ling, W.: Strength and fracture toughness of MgO-modified glass infiltrated alumina for CAD/CAM. Dent. Mater. 18, 216 2002CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
8Guazzato, M., Albakry, M., Ringer, S.P.Swain, M.V.: Strength, fracture toughness and microstructure of a selection of all-ceramic materials. Part I. Pressable and alumina glass-infiltrated ceramics. Dent. Mater. 20, 441 2004CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
9Chu, M.C., Panigrahi, B.B., Balakrishnan, A., Cho, S.J., Yoon, K.J., Kim, T.N.Lee, K.H.: Strengthening of alumina by a low thermal expansion glass at surface. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 452–453, 110 2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
10Balakrishnan, A., Chu, M.C., Panigrahi, B.B., Yoon, K.J., Kim, J.C., Lee, B.C., Kim, T.N.Cho, S.J.: Surface strengthening of zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) using glass infiltration technique. Solid State Phenom. 124–126, 695 2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
11Sarkar, D., Basu, B., Chu, M.C.Cho, S.J.: Is glass infiltration beneficial to improve fretting wear properties for alumina? J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 523 2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
12Lange, F.F.: Transformation toughening Part 3: Experimental observation in ZrO2–Y2O3 system. J. Mater. Sci. 17, 240 1982CrossRefGoogle Scholar
13Green, D.J.: A technique for introducing surface compression into zirconia ceramics. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 66, c178 1983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
14Butler, E.P.: Transformation-toughened zirconia ceramics. Mater. Sci. Technol. 6, 417 1985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
15Tseng, W.J., Taniguchi, M.Yamada, T.: Transformation strengthening of as-sintered zirconia ceramics. Ceram. Int. 25, 545 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
16Guazzato, M., Albakry, M., Ringer, S.P.Swain, M.V.: Strength, fracture toughness and microstructure of a selection of all-ceramic materials. Part II. Zirconia-based dental ceramics. Dent. Mater. 20, 449 2004CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
17Basu, B.: Toughening of yttria-stabilised tetragonal zirconia ceramics. Inter. Mater. Rev. 50, 239 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
18Shukla, S.Seal, S.: Mechanisms of room temperature metastable tetragonal phase stabilisation in zirconia. Int. Mater. Rev. 50, 45 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
19Kosmac, T., Oblak, C., Jevnikar, P., Funduk, N.Marion, L.: The effect of surface grinding and sandblasting on flexural strength and reliability of Y-TZP zirconia ceramic. Dent. Mater. 15, 426 1999CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
20Guazzato, M., Quach, L., Albakry, M.Swain, M.V.: Influence of surface and heat treatments on the flexural strength of Y-TZP dental ceramic. J. Dent. 33, 9 2005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
21Kondoh, J.: Aging strengthening of 8 mol% yttria-fully-stabilized zirconia. J. Alloys Compd. 370, 285 2004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
22McMillan, P.W.Glass-Ceramics, 2nd ed.Academic Press London, UK 1964 261Google Scholar
23Kingery, W.D., Bowen, H.K.Uhlman, D.R.: Introduction to Ceramics, 2nd ed.John Wiley & Sons New York 1976Google Scholar
24Jitcharoen, J., Padture, N.P., Giannakopoulos, A.E.Suresh, S.: Hertzian-crack suppression in ceramics with elastic-modulus-graded surfaces. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81, 2301 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
25Luo, J.Stevens, R.: The role of residual stress on the mechanical properties of Al2O3–5 vol% SiC nano-composites. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 17, 1565 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
26Paranjpye, A., Betz, G.E.MacDonald, N.C.: An analytical model for the effect of elastic modulus mismatch on laminate threshold strength. Mod. Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 13, 329 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
27Wang, Y.S., He, C., Hockey, B.J., Lacey, P.I.Hsu, S.M.: Wear transitions in monolithic alumina and zirconia-alumina composites. Wear 181–183, 156 1995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
28ISO 14704: Fine ceramics- Test method for flexural strength of monolithic ceramics at room temperature (International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2000)Google Scholar
29Van Acker, K., De Buyser, L., Celis, J.P.Van Houtte, P.: Characterization of thin nickel electrocoatings by the low-incident-beam-angle diffraction method. J. Appl. Crystallogr. 27, 56 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
30Virkar, A.V.: Determination of residual stress profile using a strain gage technique. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73, 2100 1990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
31Marshall, D.B.Lawn, B.R.: An indentation technique for measuring stresses in tempered glass surfaces. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 60, 86 1977CrossRefGoogle Scholar
32Engineered Materials Handbook, Vol. 4, Ceramics and Glasses,, ASM International Materials Park, OH 1991 875Google Scholar
33Luthy, H., Filser, F., Loeffel, O., Schumacher, M., Gauckler, L.J.Hammerle, C.H.F.: Strength and reliability of four-unit all-ceramic posterior bridges. Dent. Mater. 21, 930 2005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
34Ishitsuka, M., Sato, T., Endo, T., Shimada, M., Ohno, H., Igawa, N.Nagasaki, T.: Grain-size dependence of thermal-shock resistance of yttria-doped tetragonal zirconia polycrystals. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73, 2523 1990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
35Krell, A., Teresiak, A.Schlafer, D.: Grain size dependent residual microstresses in submicron A12O3 and ZrO2. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 16, 803 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
36Park, H.H., Kang, S.J.L.Yoon, D.N.: An analysis of the surface menisci in a mixture of liquid and deformable grains. Metall. Trans. A 17, 325 1986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
37Flaitz, P.L.Pask, J.A.: Penetration of polycrystalline alumina by glass at high temperature. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 70, 449 1987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
38Garvie, R.C.Goss, M.F.: Intrinsic size dependence of the phase-transformation temperature in zirconia microcrystals. J. Mater. Sci. 21, 1253 1986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
39Tandon, R.Green, D.J.: The effect of crack growth stability induced by residual compressive stresses on strength variability. J. Mater. Res. 7, 765 1992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
40Wu, Y., Zhang, Y., Pezzotti, G.Guo, J.: Effect of glass additives on the strength and toughness of polycrystalline alumina. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 22, 159 2002CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Improvement in mechanical properties of sintered zirconia (3% yttria stabilized) by glass infiltration
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Improvement in mechanical properties of sintered zirconia (3% yttria stabilized) by glass infiltration
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Improvement in mechanical properties of sintered zirconia (3% yttria stabilized) by glass infiltration
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *