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High-performance supercapacitor electrodes based on NiMoO4 nanorods

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 May 2019

Yong Zhang*
Affiliation:
Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, People’s Republic of China; and Henan Provincial Key Laboratory of Surface & Interface Science, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, China
Cui-rong Chang
Affiliation:
Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, People’s Republic of China
Hai-li Gao*
Affiliation:
Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, People’s Republic of China
Shi-wen Wang
Affiliation:
Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, People’s Republic of China
Ji Yan
Affiliation:
Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, People’s Republic of China
Ke-zheng Gao*
Affiliation:
Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, People’s Republic of China
Xiao-dong Jia
Affiliation:
Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, People’s Republic of China
He-wei Luo
Affiliation:
Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, People’s Republic of China
Hua Fang
Affiliation:
Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, People’s Republic of China
Ai-qin Zhang
Affiliation:
Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, People’s Republic of China
Li-zhen Wang
Affiliation:
Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, People’s Republic of China
*
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: zy@zzuli.edu.cn
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Abstract

Novel NiMoO4-integrated electrode materials were successfully prepared by solvothermal method using Na2MoO4·2H2O and NiSO4·6H2O as main raw materials, water, and ethanol as solvents. The morphology, phase, and structure of the as-prepared materials were characterized by SEM, XRD, Raman, and FT-IR. The electrochemical properties of the materials in supercapacitors were investigated by cyclic voltammetry, constant current charge–discharge, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques. The effects of volume ratio of water to ethanol (W/E) in solvent on the properties of the product were studied. The results show that the pure phase monoclinic crystal NiMoO4 product can be obtained when the W/E is 2:1. The diameter and length are 0.1–0.3 µm and approximately 3 µm, respectively. As an active material for supercapacitor, the NiMoO4 nanorods material delivered a discharge specific capacitance of 672, 498, and 396 F/g at a current density of 4, 7, and 10 A/g, respectively. The discharge specific capacitance slightly decreased from 815 to 588 F/g with a retention of 72% after 1000 cycles at a current density of 1 A/g. With these superior capacitance properties, the novel NiMoO4 integrated electrode materials could be considered as promising material for supercapacitors.

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Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2019 

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