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Gradient nano microstructure and its formation mechanism in pure titanium produced by surface rolling treatment

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 February 2014

Qi Wang
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710049, People’s Republic of China
Yanfei Yin
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710049, People’s Republic of China
Qiaoyan Sun
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710049, People’s Republic of China
Lin Xiao*
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710049, People’s Republic of China
Jun Sun
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710049, People’s Republic of China
*
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: lxiao@mail.xjtu.edu.cn
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Abstract

A large depth of 800 μm gradient microstructure was produced in pure titanium (Ti) by means of surface rolling treatment (SRT). The microstructural characteristics with different depths from the top surface were analyzed by optical microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and electron backscattered diffraction. The results showed that, on the outmost surface, nanograins with an average grain size of ∼100 nm were achieved. In the subsurface, i.e., the deformation twinning region, a large volume fraction of {10$\overline 1$2} deformation twins together with a low fraction of {11$\overline 2$2} and {11$\overline 2$4} twins were identified. Based on the microstructural analysis, the grain refinement mechanisms with increasing strain are summarized as: (i) prior division by deformation twinning, (ii) refinement effect of subgrain boundaries resulting from the accumulation of high density of dislocation, and (iii) transformation effect from low angle grain boundaries to high angle grain boundaries. The results of tension tests also show that the titanium sample after SRT shows higher strength than the as-received titanium sample.

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Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2014 

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