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Formation of novel photoluminescent hybrid materials by sequential vapor infiltration into polyethylene terephthalate fibers

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 November 2014

Halil I. Akyildiz
Affiliation:
Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA; and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA
Michael Lo
Affiliation:
Anasys Instruments, Inc., Santa Barbara, California 93101, USA
Eoghan Dillon
Affiliation:
Anasys Instruments, Inc., Santa Barbara, California 93101, USA
Adam T. Roberts
Affiliation:
Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center, Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Alabama 35898, USA
Henry O. Everitt
Affiliation:
Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center, Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Alabama 35898, USA; and Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
Jesse S. Jur
Affiliation:
Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA
Corresponding
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Abstract

Fibrous polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was modified by organometallic vapor exposure to form hybrid materials with unique photoluminescent characteristics. Using a sequential vapor infiltration (SVI) process, the elongated exposures of trimethylaluminum (TMA) to PET were examined. As the infiltration temperature increased, the evidence of changes in the reaction between the organometallic vapor and the polymer was observed as well as significant changes in the infiltration depth into the polymer fiber, owing to the variation in the reaction mechanisms of the hybrid material formation. At TMA exposures of 60 °C, the mass of the polymer fiber increased by ∼55 wt%, whereas exposures at 150 °C were limited to ∼25 wt% infiltration. Photoluminescence analysis of PET after TMA infiltration shows an intensity increase of up to ∼13x and an increase in red shift with increasing infiltration temperature, attributed to the variations in the reaction mechanism to form the hybrid modification observed through the spectroscopy analysis.

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Copyright © Materials Research Society 2014 

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Formation of novel photoluminescent hybrid materials by sequential vapor infiltration into polyethylene terephthalate fibers
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