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Carbon nanostructures formed on mesoporous silica by catalytic chemical vapor deposition of ethene

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2011

Lingxia Zhang
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of High Performance and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 200050, People’s Republic of China
Jianlin Shi
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of High Performance and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 200050, People’s Republic of China
Jiangtian Li
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of High Performance and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 200050, People’s Republic of China
Zile Hua
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of High Performance and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 200050, People’s Republic of China
Meiling Ruan
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of High Performance and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 200050, People’s Republic of China
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Abstract

Three different strategies, wet impregnation, in situ reduction, and grafting with silane coupling agents, have been used to introduce CoNi nanoparticles with different existing forms into mesoporous silica. These composites were used as catalysts to grow nanostructured carbons by catalytic chemical vapor deposition using ethene. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with different inner diameters can grow out of mesoporous silica particles incorporated with CoNi nanoclusters. Many fewer CNTs could be found in the pore channels of the sample prepared by using silane coupling agents than in those of the sample synthesized via wet impregnation. No CNTs formed in the pore channels of the sample prepared by in situ reduction. After the removal of silica, different carbon nanostructures have been obtained in the pore channels. Ordered graphite carbon mesostructure was obtained from the sample prepared by in situ reduction. Highly dispersed metal catalysts inside mesopore channels are favorable for the formation of graphite carbons with ordered mesostructures.

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Copyright © Materials Research Society 2007

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