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On universal 22

  • P. K. Andersen (a1)


Greenberg's pioneering work on word order universals (Greenberg, 1966) in which he proposed a total of universals concerning the ‘order of meaningful elements’ as well as a typology based on this order distinguishing 24 language types has truly had a great influence on linguistic research in the past few years. Not only has this important contribution to our understanding of language universals and typology precipitated such widespread interest in this particular field of linguistics which has culminated in a number of language specific monographs (see for instance Heine, 1976; Lehmann, 1974; Friedrich, 1975); symposia (see Li, 1975, 1976, 1977) and even larger projects (for example the Language Universals Project of Stanford University, and the Cologne project on language universals, see Greenberg, 1978; Seiler, 1973, 1978), but it also has influenced linguistics in general to such an extent that many consider syntactic description and research to be incomplete without a thorough discussion of word order, in some cases to the virtual exclusion of other topics.



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Andersen, P. K. (1979a). Word order typology and prepositions in Old Indic. In Brogyani, B. (ed.), Festschrifl for Oswald Szemerényi on the occasion of his 65th birthday. Amsterdam: John Benjamins B.V. 2334.
Andersen, P. K. (1979b). Word order typology and comparison. Dissertation: University of Freiburg i. Br.
Andersen, P. K. (1980a). Typological and functional aspects of word order in Aśoka. GL 20. 122.
Andersen, P. K. (1980b). On the reconstruction of the syntax of comparison in PIE. In Ramat, at. (eds), Linguistic reconstruction and Indo-European syntax. Amsterdam: John BenjaminsB.V. 225236.
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Greenberg, J. H. (ed). (1978). Universals of human language. I-IV. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
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Lehmann, W. P. (1972b). Comparative constructions in Germanic of the OV type. In Firchow, E. S. et al. (eds). Studies for Einar Haugen. The Hague: Mouton. 323330.
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Lehmann, W. P. (1974). Proto-Indo-European syntax. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Lehmann, W. P. (ed). (1978). Syntactic typology. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Li, C. N. (ed). (1975). Word order and word order change. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Li, C. N. (ed). (1976). Subject and topic. New York: Academic Press.
Li, C. N. (ed). (1977). Mechanisms of syntactic change. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Seiler, H. (ed). (1973). Linguistic workshop I. München: Fink.
Seiler, H. (ed). (1978). Language universals. Tübingen: Gunter Narr.
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