Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-544b6db54f-vq995 Total loading time: 0.245 Render date: 2021-10-16T21:10:20.977Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Intra-regional differences in the social perception of allophonic variation: The evaluation of [tʃ] and [ʃ] in Huelva and Lepe (Western Andalucía)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 March 2021

Brendan Regan*
Texas Tech University, Department of Classical & Modern Languages & Literatures, Lubbock, Texas, USA
Corresponding author: Brendan Regan, Email:


This study examines the social perceptions of the traditional Andalusian feature [ʃ] and the Castilian feature [tʃ] in the city of Huelva and the town of Lepe in Western Andalucía, Spain. A matched-guise experiment was created by digitally manipulating spontaneous speech from twelve Western Andalusian speakers, varying only in word-medial syllable-initial [tʃ] and [ʃ] for <ch> in disyllabic words. Based on 221 listeners from Huelva and Lepe, mixed effects linear regression models indicate that listeners evaluated speakers with [tʃ] guises as being of higher status, more cosmopolitan, and less friendly than speakers with [ʃ] guises. These findings interacted with speaker and listener gender, listener educational level, and listener origin. The implications are twofold: the traditional Andalusian feature is evaluated as less overtly prestigious than the supra-local Castilian feature; and, that two nearby communities of the same dialect variety may share similar language attitudes, but demonstrate nuanced differences in attitudes due to their unique historical and socioeconomic developments.

© Cambridge University Press 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Alvar, Manuel, Llorente, Antonio, Salvador, Gregorio & Mondéjar, José. 1973. Atlas Lingüístico y Etnográfico de Andalucía (ALEA). Vol. VI. Granada.Google Scholar
Amastae, J. 1996. Variación y cambio en el español de Ciudad Juárez. Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez.Google Scholar
Auer, Peter. 1998. Dialect leveling and the standard varieties in Europe. Folia Linguistica XXXII/1-2. 19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Auer, Peter & Hinskens, Frans. 1996. The convergence and divergence of dialects in Europe. New and not so new developments in an old area. Sociolingistica 10. 130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Auer, Peter, Hinskens, Frans & Kerswill, Paul (eds.). 2005. Dialect Change: Convergence and Divergence in European Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baird, Brandon O., Madrazo, Marcos Rohena & Cating, Caroline. 2018. Perceptions of lexically specific phonology switches on Spanish-origin loanwords in American English. American Speech 93(1). 79107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnes, Sonia. 2015. Perceptual salience and social categorization of contact features in Asturian Spanish. Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 8(2). 213241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bates, Douglas, Maechler, Martin, Bolker, Ben & Walker, Steve. 2015. Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software 67(1). 148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berruto, G. 2005. Dialect/standard convergence, mixing, and models of language contact: The case of Italy. In Auer, Peter, Hinskens, Frans & Kerswill, Paul (eds.), Dialect Change: Convergence and Divergence in European Languages, 8195. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Britain, David. 2009. “Big Bright Lights” versus “Green and Pleasant Land”?: The Unhelpful Dichotomy of ‘Urban’ versus ‘Rural’ in Dialectology. In Al-Wer, Enam (ed.), Arabic Dialectology, 223247. Boston: BRILL.Google Scholar
Britain, David. 2010a. Language and space: The variationist approach. In Auer, Peter & Schmidt, Jurgen Erich (eds.), Language and Space: An International Handbook of Linguistic Variation, 142162. Leiden: De Gruyter.Google Scholar
Britain, David. 2010b. Supralocal Regional Dialect Leveling. In Llamas, Carmen & Watt, Dominic (eds.), Language and Identity, 193204. Edinburg: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
Britain, David. 2012a. Countering the urbanist agenda in variationist sociolinguistics: dialect contact, demographic change and the rural-urban dichotomy. In Hansen, S., Schwarz, C., Stoeckle, P. & Streck, T. (eds.), Dialectological and Folk Dialectological Concepts of Space, 1230. Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Britain, David. 2012b. The role of mundane mobility and contact in dialect death and dialect birth. In Dchreier, D. & Hundt, M. (eds.), English as a contact language, 165181. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boersma, Paul, & Weenink, David. 2017. Praat: A system for doing phonetics by computer. (version 6.0.04) [computer program]. <>..>Google Scholar
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1991. Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Bourdieu, Pierre, & Boltanski, Luc. 1975. Le fétichisme de la language. Actes de la recherché en sciences sociales 4. 232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brown, D. 1989. El habla juvenil de Sonora, México: la fonética de 32 jóvenes. Nueva Revista de Filología Hispánica 37(1). 4382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bucholtz, Mary & Hall, Kira. 2005. Identity and interaction: a sociocultural linguistic approach. Discourse Studies 7(4/5). 585614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Casillas, Joseph V. 2012. La fricativización del africado /tʃ/ en el habla de las mujeres del sur de Arizona. Divergencias: Revista de estudios lingüísticos y literarios 10(1). 5670 Google Scholar
Casillas, Joseph V. 2013. La fricativización del africado /tʃ/: actitudes lingüísticas cerca de la frontera. In Carvalho, A.M. & Beaudrie, S. (eds.), Selected Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Spanish Sociolinguistics, 177188. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.Google Scholar
Campbell Kibler, Kathryn. 2007. Accent, (ING), and the social logic of listener perceptions. American Speech 82(1). 3264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campbell Kibler, Kathryn. 2008. I’ll be the judge of that: Diversity in social perceptions of (ING). Language in Society 37(5). 637659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campbell Kibler, Kathryn. 2009. The nature of sociolinguistic perception. Language Variation and Change 21. 135156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campbell Kibler, Kathryn. 2011. The sociolinguistic variant as a carrier of social meaning. Language Variation and Change 22. 423441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carabaña Morales, Julio, & Carmen, Gómez Bueno. 1996. Escalas de prestigio profesional. Madrid: Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas.Google Scholar
Carbonero, Pedro, Álvarez, J.L., Casas, J. & Gutiérrez, M.I.. 1992. El habla de Jerez: Estudio sociolingüístico. Jerez: Ayuntamiento (BUP. Cuadernos de divulgación).Google Scholar
Cedergren, H. 1972. Interplay of social and linguistic factors in Panama. PhD dissertation. Cornell University.Google Scholar
Chambers, Jack K. & Trudgill, Peter. 1998. Dialectology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chappell, Whitney. 2016. On the social perception of intervocalic /s/ voicing in Costa Rican Spanish. Language Variation and Change 28. 357378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chappell, Whitney. 2019a. Caribeño or mexicano, profesionista o albañil?: Mexican listeners’ evaluations of /s/ aspiration and maintenance in Mexican and Puerto Rican voices. Sociolinguistic Studies 12(3/4). 367393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chappell, Whitney. 2019b. Reactions to labiodentalized <v>in the speech of late immigrant and U.S.-born voices. In Chappell, W. (ed.), Recent Advances in the Study of Spanish Sociophonetic Perception, 240264. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davidson, Justin. 2019. Covert and overt attitudes towards Catalonian Spanish laterals and intervocalic fricatives. In Chappell, W. (ed.), Recent Advances in the Study of Spanish Sociophonetic Perception, 4083. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de las Heras, J., Romero, J. Bardallo, M. D., Torrejón, V., Castrillo, M. C., Gallego, J., Padilla, J. M., & Vacas, C. 1996. Perfil sociolingüístico del habla culta de la zona periurbana de Huelva. Aestuaria. Revista de Investigación 4. 109–124. Huelva: Diputación Provincial.Google Scholar
Díaz Campos, Manuel & Killam, Jason. 2012. Assessing language attitudes through a matched-guise experiment: The case of consonantal deletion in Venezuelan Spanish. Hispania 95(1). 83102.Google Scholar
Drager, Katie. 2010. Sensitivity to grammatical and sociophonetic variability in perception. Laboratory Phonology 1(1). 93120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eckert, Penelope. 2008. Variation and the indexical field. Journal of sociolinguistics 12. 453476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eckert, Penelope. 2012. Three Waves of Variation Study: The Emergence of Meaning in the Study of Sociolinguistic Variation. Annual Review of Anthropology 41. 87100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Feria Toribio, José María. 1994. Cambios recientes del poblamiento en la provincia de Huelva. Huelva en su Historia 5. 187199.Google Scholar
Fridland, Valerie, Bartlett, Kathryn & Kreuz, Roger. 2004. Do you hear what I hear? Experimental measurement of the perceptual salience of acoustically manipulated vowel variants by Southern speakers in Memphis, TN. Language Variation and Change 16. 1016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Galeote, M. 1988. El habla rural del treviño de Iznájar, Villanueva de Tapia y Venta de Santa Bárbara. Granada: Ayuntamiento de Izanájar.Google Scholar
García, Christina. 2019. Social evaluations of intervocalic /s/ voicing. In Chappell, W. (ed.), Recent Advances in the Study of Spanish Sociophonetic Perception, 126152. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
García Amaya, Lorenzo J. 2008. Variable norms in the production of /θ/ in Jerez de la Frontera, Spain. In Siegel, J. F., Nagle, T. C., Lorente-Lapole, A. & Auger, J. (eds.), IUWPL7: Gender in Language: Classic Questions, New Contexts, 4971. Bloomington, IN: IULC Publications.Google Scholar
García Ibáñez, José María. 2016. Nivelación dialectal: aspectos metodológicos y teóricos para el estudio de la convergencia lingüística a través de un caso concreto: los inmigrantes de Riogordo y Colmenar en Málaga. Doctoral dissertation. Universidad de Málaga.Google Scholar
García Wiedemann, Emilio. 1997. Valoración subjetiva y planificación lingüística. In Narbona, Antonio & Ropero, Miguel (eds.), El habla andaluza, 515545. Sevilla: Universidad de Sevilla.Google Scholar
Graul, Christian. 2016. leaftletR: Interactive Web-Maps Based on the Leaflet JavaScript Library. R package versions 0.4-0. Scholar
Gylfadottir, Duna. 2018. The effective borrowing of a phonemic contrast. PhD Dissertation. The University of Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
Harjus, Jannis. 2017. Perceptual variety linguistics: Jerezano speakers’ concepts and perceptions of phonetic variation in western Andalusian Spanish. Loquens – Revista Cientí ca del CSIC 4(2). 115.Google Scholar
Harjus, Jannis 2018. Sociofonética andaluza y lingüística perceptiva de la variación: el español hablado en Jerez de la Frontera. Madrid/ Frankfurt: Iberoamericana Vervuert.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hernández Campoy, Juan Manuel & Villena Ponsoda, Juan Antonio. 2009. Standardness and nonstandardness in Spain: dialect attrition and revitalization of regional dialects of Spanish. International Journal of Sociology of Language 196/197. 181214.Google Scholar
Hinskens, Frans. 1998a. Dialect Leveling: A Two-Dimensional Process. Folia Linguistica XXXII/1-2. 35–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hinskens, Frans. 1998b. Variation Studies in Dialectology and Three Types of Sound Change. Sociolinguistica 12. 155193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hinskens, Frans, Auer, Peter & Kerswill, Paul. 2005. The study of dialect convergence and divergence: conceptual and methodological considerations. In Auer, Peter, Hinskens, Frans & Kerswill, Paul (eds.), Dialect Change: Convergence and Divergence in European Languages, 148. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Holmquist, Jonathan C. 1985. Social correlates of a linguistic variable: a study in a Spanish village. Language in Society 14. 191203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hualde, José I. 2005. The sounds of Spanish. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
IECA: Instituto de Estadística y Cartografía de Andalucía: Consejería de económica y conocimiento. La Junta de Andalucía [website]. 2016. [Consulted February 2017]. Available at: Scholar
INE: Instituto Nacional de Estadística ‘National Institute of Statistics’ [website]. (2011). Madrid: INE. [Consulted February 2017]. Available at: Scholar
Irvine, Judith T., & Gal, Susan. 2000. Language ideology and linguistic differentiation. In Kroskrity, Paul (ed.), Regimes of Languages: Ideologies, Polities, and Identities, 3583. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press.Google Scholar
Jaramillo, J. 1986. Variation in /ch/ and second person address in the Spanish of Tomé, New Mexico. PhD Dissertation. The University of New Mexico.Google Scholar
Jaramillo, J. & Bills, G.. 1982. The phoneme /ch/ in the Spanish of Tomé, New Mexico. In Barkin, F., Brandt, E.A. & Ornstein-Galicia, J. (eds.), Bilingualism and language contact: Spanish, English, and Native American Languages, 154165. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
Jewell, James E. 1993. Attitudes of Mexican students attending BYU towards the realization of /ch/ as /sh/. PhD dissertation. BYU.Google Scholar
Johnstone, Barbara. 2007. Linking identity and dialect through stancetaking. In Robert, Englebreston (ed.), Stancetaking in Discourse: Subjectivity, Evaluation, Interaction, 4968. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnstone, Barbara, Andrus, Jennifer & Danielson, Andrew E.. 2006. Mobility, Indexicality, and the Enregisterment of “Pittsburghese.” Journal of English Linguistics 34(2). 77104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnstone, Barbara & Kiesling, Scott F.. 2008. Indexicality and experience: Exploring the meanings of /aw/-monophthongization in Pittsburgh. Journal of Sociolinguistics 12(1). 533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jongman, Allard, Wayland, Ratree & Wong, Serena. 2000. Acoustic characteristics of English fricatives. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108(3). 12521263.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kerswill, Paul E. 1994. Dialects Converging: Rural Speech in Urban Norway. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
Kerswill, Paul E. 1996. Divergence and convergence of sociolinguistic structures in Norway and England. Sociolinguistica 10. 90104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kerswill, Paul E. 2002. Koineization and accommodation. In Chambers, J. K., Trudgill, P. & Schilling-Estes, N. (eds.) The Handbook of Language Variation and Change, 669702. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Kerswill, Paul, & Trudgill, Peter. 2005. The birth of new dialects. In Auer, Peter, Hinskens, Frans & Kerswill, Paul (eds.), Dialect Change: Convergence and Divergence in European Languages, 196220. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kroskrity, Paul V. 2004. Language ideologies. In Duranti, Alessandro (ed.), A companion to linguistic anthropology, 496517. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Kuznetsova, A., Brockhoff, P.B. & Christensen, R.H.. 2014. LmerTest: Tests for random and fixed effects for linear mixed effects models (lmer objects of lme4 package).Google Scholar
Labov, William. 1963. The social motivation of a sound change. Word 19. 237309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Labov, William. 1966. The social stratification of English in New York City. Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics.Google Scholar
Lambert, W. E., Hodgson, R.C., Gardner, R.C. & Fillenbaum, S.. 1960. Evaluational reactions to spoken language. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 60. 4451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lasarte Cervantes, María de la Cruz. 2010. Datos para la fundamentación empírica de la escisión fonemática prestigiosa de /Ɵs/ en Andalucía. Nueva Revista de Filología Hispánica 58(2). 483516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lenth, R., Singmann, H., Love, J., Buerkner, P. & Herve, M.. 2018. Emmeans: Estimated marginal means, aka least-squares means. Scholar
López Morales, Humberto. 1983. Estratificacion social del español en San Juan de Puerto Rico. Mexico: UNAM.Google Scholar
Martínez, María D. & Moya Corrales, Juan Antonio. 2000. Reacciones actitudinales hacia la variación dialectal en hablantes granadinos. Lingüística española actual 22(2). 137160.Google Scholar
Martínez Chacón, Alfonso. 1992. La ciudad de Huelva: Evolución, estructura y problemática actual. Huelva en su Historia 4. 305322.Google Scholar
Mattheier, Klaus J. (ed.). 2000. Dialect and migration in a changing Europe. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
Mazzaro, Natalia & González de Anda, Raquel. 2019. Perception from above and perception from below. In Chappell, W. (ed.), Recent Advances in the Study of Spanish Sociophonetic Perception, 288311. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Melguizo Moreno, Elisabeth. 2007a. La fricativización de la /ć/ en una comunidad de hablantes granadina. Interlingüística 17. 748757.Google Scholar
Melguizo Moreno, Elisabeth. 2007b. La variación de /θs/: Estudio comparativo de dos muestras de población de Granada. ELUA 21(1). 116.Google Scholar
Méndez, Luis Alberto. 2017. The variant [ʃ] in the Spanish of Ciudad Juárez. Borealis- An International Journal of Hispanic Linguistics 6(1). 243260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mendoza Abreu, Josefa M. 1985. Contribución al estudio del habla rural y marinera de Lepe (Huelva). Huelva: Diputación Provincial de Huelva.Google Scholar
Morillo Velarde, Ramón. 1997. Seseo, ceceo y seceo: problemas metodológicos. In Narbona, Antonio & Ropero, Miguel (eds.), El habla andaluza, 201221. Sevilla: Universidad de Sevilla.Google Scholar
Moya Corral, Juan Antonio. 2011. La norma lingüística del oriente andaluz. In Waluch-de la Torre, Edyta (ed.), La norma lingüística del español, 6170. Warszawa, Biblioteka Iberyjska.Google Scholar
Moya Corral, Juan Antonio. 2018a. La evaluación del cambio: A propóstio de los cambios prestigiosos en Andalucía. Actos do XIII Congreso Internacional de Lingüística Xeral, Vigo. 662–668.Google Scholar
Moya Corral, Juan Antonio. 2018b. Sobre el equilibrado reajuste de las hablas andaluzas, Itinerarios 28. 3566.Google Scholar
Moya Corral, Juan Antonio & García Wiedemann, Emilio. 1995a. El habla de Granada y sus barrios. Granada: Universidad de Granada.Google Scholar
Moya Corral, Juan Antonio & García Wiedemann, Emilio. 1995b. La ‘ch’ fricativa en Granada: un sonido del habla masculina. In Ward Aengus, M., Whicker, Jules & Flitter, Derek F. (eds.), Actos del XII Congreso Internacional de Hispanistas, 270283. Birmingham: University of Birmingham.Google Scholar
Nakagawa, S., & Schielzeth, H.. 2013. A general and simple method for obtaining R2 from generalized linear mixed-effects models. Methods in Ecology and Evolution/British Ecological Society 4. 133142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Narbona Jiménez, Antonio, Cano Aguilar, Rafael & Morillo Velarde, Ramón. 1998. El español hablado en Andalucía. Barcelona: Ariel.Google Scholar
Niedzielski, Nancy, & Preston, Dennis R.. 1999. Folk linguistics. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Noriega, L. 2004. La fricativización [š] en el español de Tucson, Arizona. Divergencias: Revista de estudios lingüísticos y literarios 2(2). 1926.Google Scholar
Payán Sotomayor, Pedro Manuel. 1988. La pronunciación del español en Cádiz. Cádiz: Universidad de Cádiz.Google Scholar
Penny, Ralph. 2000. Variation and Change in Spanish. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Penny, Ralph. 2002. Gramática histórica del español. Barcelona: Ariel.Google Scholar
Pharao, Nicolai, Maegaard, Marie, Spindler, Janus Møller & Kristiansen, Tore. 2014. Indexical meanings of [s+] among Copenhagen youth: Social perception of a phonetic variant in different prosodic contexts. Language in Society 43(1). 131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pierrehumbert, Janet B. 2002. Word specific phonetics. In Gussenhoven, C. & Warner, N. (eds.), Laboratory Phonology VII, pp. 101139. Berlin/New York: Gruyter.Google Scholar
Plichta, Bartlomiej & Preston, Dennis R.. 2005. The /ay/s have it: The perception of /ay/ as a North-South stereotype in US English. Acta Linguistica Hafniensia 37. 107130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Preston, Dennis R. 1986. Five visions of America. Language in Society 15(2). 221240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Preston, Dennis R. 1989. Perceptual Dialectology: Nonlinguists’ Views of Areal Lingusitics. Providence, Rhode Island: Foris Publications.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Preston, Dennis R. 1999. A language attitude approach to the perception of regional variety. In Preston, Dennis R. (ed.), Handbook of Perceptual Dialectology, vol 1, 359373. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Preston, Dennis R. 2013. The influence of regard on language variation and change. Journal of Pragmatics 52. 93104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Purnell, Thomas, Idsardi, William & Baugh, John. 1999. Perceptual and phonetic experiments on American English dialect identification. Journal of Language and Social Psychology 18. 1030.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Qualtrics. 2005–2020. Qualtrics online survey. [computer program]. <>..>Google Scholar
R Core Team. 2017. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. <>..>Google Scholar
Regan, Brendan. 2017a. A study of ceceo variation in Western Andalusia (Huelva). Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 10(1). 119160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Regan, Brendan. 2017b. The Effect of Dialect Contact and Social Identity on Fricative Demerger. PhD Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin.Google Scholar
Regan, Brendan. 2019. Dialectology meets sociophonetics: The social evaluation of ceceo and distinción in Lepe, Spain. In Chappell, W. (ed.), Recent Advances in the Study of Spanish Sociophonetic Perception, 86121. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Regan, Brendan. 2020a. El [ʃ]oquero: /tʃ/ variation in Huelva capital and surrounding towns. Estudios de fonética experimental XXIX. 55-90.Google Scholar
Regan, Brendan. 2020b. The split of a fricative merger due to dialect contact and societal changes: A sociophonetic study on Andalusian read-speech. Language Variation and Change 32(2). 159190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ruch, Hanna. 2018a. Perception of speaker age and speaker origin in a sound change in progress: The case of /s/-aspiration in Andalusian Spanish. Journal of Linguistic Geography 6. 4055.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ruch, Hanna. 2018b. The role of acoustic distance and sociolinguistic knowledge in dialect identification. Frontiers in Psychology 9, Article 818.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ruiz García, Marta. 2001. La inmigración industrial en Huelva: Procesos de integración de los trabajos del polo industrial. Trabajo 10. 159177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sankoff, David & Laberge, Suzanne. 1978. The linguistic market and the statistical explanation of variability. In Sankoff, David (ed.), Linguistic variation: Models and methods, 239250. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Santana Marrero, Juana. 2016. Seseo, ceceo y distinción en el sociolecto alto de la ciudad de Sevilla: nuevos datos a partir de los materiales de PRESEEA. Boletín de Filología de la Universidad de Chile 51(2). 255280.Google Scholar
Santana Marrero, Juana. 2016–2017. Factores externos e internos influyentes en la variación de /θs/ en la ciudad de Sevilla. Analecta Malacitana XXXIX. 143177.Google Scholar
Samper Padilla, José Antonio. 2011. Sociophonological variation and change in Spain. In Díaz Campos, Manuel (ed.): The Handbook of Hispanic Sociolinguistics, 98120. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schieffelin, Bambi B., Woolard, Kathryn A. & Kroskrity, Paul (eds.). 1998. Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Silverstein, Michael. 2003. Indexical order and the dialectics of sociolinguistic life. Language and Communication 23. 193229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Styler, Will. 2017. Using Praat for Linguistic Research. Version 1.7. Retried from <>..>Google Scholar
Szakay, Anita. 2008. Social networks and the perceptual relevance of rhythm: A New Zealand case study. UPenn Working Papers in Linguistics 14(2). 148156.Google Scholar
Thomas, Erik R. 2002. Sociophonetic applications of speech perception experiments. American Speech 77(2). 115147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Trudgill, Peter. 1986. Dialects in Contact. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Várela García, Fabiola. 2002. En la Andalucía de la E: Estudio lingüístico y etnográfico del habla de Estepa (Sevilla). Estepa: Ayundamiento de Estepa.Google Scholar
Venables, William N., & Ripley, Brian D.. 2002. Modern applied statistics with S, 4th edn. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Villena Ponsoda, Juan Andrés. 1996. Convergence and divergence in a standard-dialect continuum: Networks and individuals in Málaga. Sociolinguistica 10. 112137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Villena Ponsoda, Juan Andrés. 2001. La continuidad del cambio lingüístico. Tendencias conservadoras e innovadoras en la fonología del español a la luz de la investigación sociolingüística urbana. Granada: Universidad.Google Scholar
Villena Ponsoda, Juan Andrés. 2005. How similar are people who speak alike? An interpretive way of using social networks in social dialectology research. In Auer, Peter, Hinskens, Frans & Kerswill, Paul (eds.), Dialect Change: Convergence and Divergence in European Languages, 303334. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Villena Ponsoda, Juan Andrés. 2006. Andaluz oriental y andaluz occidental: Estandarización y planificación en ¿una o dos comunidades de habla? In Mancera, Ana María Cestero, Martos, Isabel Molina & García, Florentino Paredes (eds.), Estudios sociolingüísticos del español de España y América, 233254. Madrid: Acro/Libros.Google Scholar
Villena Ponsoda, Juan Andrés. 2008. Sociolinguistic patterns of Andalusian Spanish. International Journal of Society and Language 193/194. 139160.Google Scholar
Villena Ponsoda, Juan Andrés & Ávila-Muñoz, Antonio M.. 2014. Dialect stability and divergence in southern Spain: Social and personal motivations. In Braunmüller, K., Höder, S. & Kühl, K. (eds.), Stability and Divergence in Language Contact: Factors and Mechanisms, 207237. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Villena Ponsoda, Juan Andrés & Vida-Castro, Matilde. 2017. Variación, identidad y coherencia en el español meridional. Sobre la indexicalidad de las variables convergentes del español de Málaga. Lingüística en la Red. Monográfico XV, pp. 1–32.Google Scholar
Villena Ponsoda, Juan Andrés & Vida-Castro, Matilde. 2020. Variation, identity and indexicality in southern Spanish: On the emergence of a new variety in urban Andalusia. In Cerruti, M. & Tsiplakou, S. (eds.), Intermediate Language Varieties. Koinai and regional standards in Europe, pp. 149-182. John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walker, Abby. 2007. The effect of phonetic detail on perceived speaker age and social class. In Trouvain, J. & Barry, W.J. (eds.), Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS), 1452–1446. Dudweiler: Pirrot.Google Scholar
Walker, Abby, García, Christina, Cortés, Yomi & Campbell-Kibler, Kathryn. 2014. Comparing social meanings across listener and speaker groups: The indexical field of Spanish /s/. Language Variation and Change 26. 169198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Watson, Kevin, & Clark, Lynn. 2013. How salient in the nurse-square merger? English Language and Linguistics 18(2). 297323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weinreich, Uriel, Labov, William & Herzog, Marvin I.. 1968. Empirical foundations for a theory of language change. In Lehmann, Winfred P. & Malkiel, Yakov (eds.), Directions for Historical Linguistics: a Symposium, 95195. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
Wickham, Hadley. 2013. ggplot2: Elegant Graphics for Data Analysis. <>..>Google Scholar
Woolard, Kathryn. 1998. Introduction: Language ideology as a field of inquiry. In Schieffelin, Bambi B., Woolard, Kathryn A. & Kroskrity, Paul (eds.), Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory, 347. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Woolard, Kathryn. 2008. Why dat now?: Linguistic-anthropological contributions to the explanation of sociolinguistic icons and change. Journal of Sociolinguistics 12(4). 432452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Woolard, Kathryn & Schieffelin, Bambi B.. 1994 . Language ideology. Annual Review of Anthropology 23. 5582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, Qing. 2005. A Chinese yuppie in Beijing: Phonological variation and the construction of a new professional identity. Language in Society 34. 431466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Supplementary material: File

Regan supplementary material

Regan supplementary material

Download Regan supplementary material(File)
File 685 KB

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Intra-regional differences in the social perception of allophonic variation: The evaluation of [tʃ] and [ʃ] in Huelva and Lepe (Western Andalucía)
Available formats

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Intra-regional differences in the social perception of allophonic variation: The evaluation of [tʃ] and [ʃ] in Huelva and Lepe (Western Andalucía)
Available formats

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Intra-regional differences in the social perception of allophonic variation: The evaluation of [tʃ] and [ʃ] in Huelva and Lepe (Western Andalucía)
Available formats

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *