To compare narrow-band images of nasopharyngeal carcinoma with those of normal adenoidal tissue.
Patients with a nasopharyngeal mass were evaluated using both conventional white light and narrow-band light. Biopsies were performed and Epstein–Barr viral serology was tested for all patients.
Thirty consecutive patients were recruited. Twenty-one patients had normal adenoidal tissue and seven had nasopharyngeal carcinoma. One patient with papillary adenocarcinoma was excluded. The features of narrow-band imaging in normal adenoidal tissue were: (1) a regularly arranged follicular pattern, and (2) each ‘follicle’ comprising a pale centre with surrounding dark periphery. The features of narrow-band imaging in nasopharyngeal carcinoma were: (1) absence of surface patterns (n = 7), and/or (2) ‘reverse’, haphazard follicular pattern comprising a dark brown centre and pale periphery (n = 3).
Narrow-band imaging of the surface of adenoidal tissue and nasopharyngeal carcinoma appears to identify distinct, characteristic features as described. Narrow-band imaging may be a useful adjunct in differentiating normal adenoidal tissue from malignancy. Further studies are needed to evaluate its diagnostic accuracy.