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Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is associated with chronic rhinosinusitis: population-based study

  • S H Hung (a1), H C Lin (a2), L T Kao (a3), C S Wu (a4) and S D Chung (a1) (a2) (a5) (a6)...

Abstract

Background:

This study aimed to evaluate the association of chronic rhinosinusitis with sudden sensorineural hearing loss using a population-based database.

Methods:

Sampled subject data were obtained from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000. A total of 3325 patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss were identified and 9975 controls were randomly selected. A conditional logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratio for having been previously diagnosed with chronic rhinosinusitis, for cases and controls.

Results and conclusion:

The adjusted odds ratio of having prior chronic rhinosinusitis among cases compared to controls was 1.36 (95 per cent confidence interval = 1.16–1.60). The significant relationship between sudden sensorineural hearing loss and chronic rhinosinusitis was most pronounced among those patients aged 44 years or less (compared to controls) (odds ratio = 2.18; 95 per cent confidence interval = 1.63–2.92). However, the significant relationship between sudden sensorineural hearing loss and prior chronic rhinosinusitis was not sustained for patients older than 60 years compared to controls.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Dr Shiu-Dong Chung, Department of Surgery, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, No. 21, Section 2, Nanya South Rd, Banciao District, New Taipei City 220, Taiwan E-mail: chungshiudong@gmail.com

References

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