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The modified Valsalva manoeuvre to improve visualization of the hypopharynx during flexible nasopharyngoscopy

  • Paul D.R. Spraggs (a1) and Meredydd Lloyd Harries (a1)

Abstract

A simple, safe and effective procedure of improving the diagnostic accuracy of nasopharyngoscopy is described. It is most useful for the exposure of the hypopharynx, especially in the elderly patient.

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Corresponding author

Mr Paul D. R. Spraggs, F.R.C.S., 6 Dunstable Mews, London WIN IRQ.

References

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The modified Valsalva manoeuvre to improve visualization of the hypopharynx during flexible nasopharyngoscopy

  • Paul D.R. Spraggs (a1) and Meredydd Lloyd Harries (a1)

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