The nematode Angiostoma glandicola sp. n. found parasitizing Megaustenia sp. snails (Pulmonata: Helicarionidae) collected in Dong Nai Province, Vietnam, is described and illustrated. The new species is characterized by its unusual host location (the digestive gland) and in having: two circles of cephalic probolae, six lips each bearing two prominent papillae, amphids situated at posterior of lips, the presence of lateral alae, an enlarged stoma, a club-shaped pharynx with cuticularized valves in the bulb, the nerve ring situated on the junction of the corpus and isthmus and the excretory pore opposite the bulb. Oviparous females have a mid-body vulva position, long reflexed ovaries and short divergent uteri, and a conical tail with a slightly triangular tip. Males have long, curved, not distinctly cephalate spicules and a small gubernaculum, nine pairs of pedunculate genital papillae (GP) incorporated into the bursa (three precloacal, six postcloacal in two groups: GP 4–7 closely behind the cloaca and GP 8–9 distanced), of which GP 5 and 8 terminate on dorsal edge of the bursa and GP 8 and 9 are fused at the base, the bursa nearly reaches the tail tip, unpaired precloacal GP and a pair of ventral circumcloacal GP not incorporated into bursa. It clearly differs from other species of the genus by having cephalic probolae vs. no cephalic probolae and the specific number and disposition of male GP. A partial sequence of D2D3 large subunit (LSU) rDNA was obtained and subjected to phylogenetic analyses. Relationships within the Angiostoma genus are discussed.