Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The structure of the community of strongyloid nematodes of domestic equids

  • D. Bucknell (a1), H. Hoste (a2), R.B. Gasser (a1) and I. Beveridge (a1)

Abstract

The community structure exhibited by strongyloid nematodes from the large intestines of horses was examined using data from autopsies of 150 horses. Thirty-one species of nematodes were encountered, but they were not clearly divisible into core and satellite species. Multiple congeneric, consubfamilial and confamilial species were a prominent feature of the community and were more common than singleton infections. Multivariate analyses provided evidence of a stable community of helminths dominated by positive interactions but with few negative interactions, suggesting the absence of competition within the community.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Arundel, J.H. (1985) Parasitic diseases of the horse. 83 pp. Sydney, Post Graduate Foundation in Veterinary Science.
Beveridge, I. (1987) The systematic status of Australian Strongyloidea. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 9, 107126.
Bucknell, D.G., Gasser, R.B. & Beveridge, I. (1995) The prevalence and epidemiology of gastrointestinal parasites of horses in Victoria, Australia. International Journal for Parasitology 25, 711724.
Bush, A.O. & Holmes, J.C. (1986a) Intestinal helminths of lesser scaup ducks: patterns of association. Canadian Journal of Zoology 64, 132141.
Bush, A.O. & Holmes, J.C. (1986b) Intestinal helminths of lesser scaup ducks: an interactive community. Canadian Journal of Zoology 64, 142152.
Diez-Banos, N., Cabaret, J. & Diez-Banos, P. (1992) Interspecific interactions in naturally acquired nematode communities from sheep abomasum in relation to age of host and season in four areas of Leon (Spain). International Journal for Parasitology 22, 327334.
Dvoinos, G.M. (1982) [K sistematike i filogenii nematod nadsemejstva Strongyloidea Weinland, 1858, parazitirujuscich u losadinych.] Parazity i parazitozy celoveka i zivotnych, Kiev, 106114. [Abstract in Helminthological Abstracts].
Goater, T.M., Esch, G.W. & Bush, A.O. (1987) Helminth parasites of sympatric salamanders: ecological concepts at infracommunity, component and compound community levels. American Midland Naturalist 118, 289300.
Greenwood, P.H. (1984) What is a species flock? pp. 1319in Echelle, A.A. & Kornfield, I. (Eds) Evolution of fish species flocks. Orono, Maine, University of Maine at Orono Press.
Hanski, I. (1982) Dynamics of regional distribution: the core and satellite species hypothesis. Oikos 38, 210221.
Hartwich, G. (1986) Zum Strongylus tetracanthus – Problem und zur Systematik der Cyathostominea (Nematoda: Strongyloidea). Mitteilungen des Zoologisches Museums, Berlin 627, 61102.
Holmes, J.C. (1986) The structure of helminth communities, pp. 203208in Howell, M.J. (Ed.) Parasitology – quo vadit? Canberra, Australian Academy of Science.
Holmes, J.C. & Price, P.W. (1986) Communities of parasites, pp. 187213in Anderson, D.J. & Kikkawa, J. (Eds). Community ecology: patterns and processes. Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications.
Hoste, H. & Beveridge, I. (1993) Interspecific and intergeneric relations between nematodes parasitic in the stomachs of kangaroos and wallabies. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 117, 171177.
Hoste, H. & Cabaret, J. (1992) Intergeneric relations between nematodes of the digestive tract in lambs: a multivariate approach. International Journal for Parasitology 22, 173179.
Kennedy, C.R. & Bush, A.O. (1992) Species richness in helminth communities: the importance of multiple congeners. Parasitology 104, 189197.
Kennedy, C.R., Bush, A.O. & Aho, J.M. (1986) Patterns in helminth communities: why are birds and fish different? Parasitology 93, 205215.
Lichtenfels, J.R. (1975) Helminths of domestic equids. Illustrated keys to genera and species with emphasis on North American forms. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington special issue 42, 192.
Lichtenfels, J.R. (1979) A conventional approach to a new classification of the Strongyloidea, nematode parasites of mammals. American Zoologist 19, 11851194.
Lichtenfels, J.R. (1980) Keys to the nematode parasites of vertebrates. No.7. Keys to genera of the superfamily Strongyloidea. Anderson, R.C., Chabaud, A.G. & Willmott, S. (Eds). 14 pp. Farnham Royal, UK, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.
Lichtenfels, J.R. (1986) Phylogenetic inference from adult morphology in the Nematoda; with emphasis on the bursate nematodes, the Strongylida; advancements (1982–1985) and recommendations for further work. pp. 269279in Howell, M.J. (Ed.) Parasitology – quo vadit. Canberra, Australian Academy of Science.
Margolis, L., Esch, G.W., Holmes, J.C., Kuris, A.M. & Schad, G.A. (1982) The use of ecological terms in parasitology (report of an ad hoc committee of the American Society of Parasitologists). Journal of Parasitology 68, 131133.
Mayr, E. (1984) Evolution of fish species flocks, pp. 311in Echelle, A.A. & Kornfield, I. (Eds) Evolution of fish species flocks. Orono, Maine, University of Maine at Orono Press.
Motomura, I. (1947) Further notes on the law of geometrical progression of the population density in animal association. Serei Seitai 1, 5562.
Nee, S., Gregory, R.D. & May, R.M. (1991) Core and satellite species: theory and artefacts. Oikos 62, 8387.
Ogbourne, C.P. (1976) The prevalence, relative abundance and site distribution of nematodes of the subfamily Cyathostominae in horses killed in Britain. Journal of Helminthology 50, 203214.
Ogbourne, C.P. (1978) Pathogenesis of cyathostome (Trichonema) infections of the horse. A review. Commonwealth Institute of Helminthology Miscellaneous Publications No. 5. ii + 25 pp. Farnham Royal, UK, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.
Ogbourne, C.P. & Duncan, J.L. (1977) Strongylus vulgaris in the horse: its biology and veterinary importance. Commonwealth Institute of Parasitology Miscellaneous Publications No. 9. v + 68 pp. Farnham Royal, UK, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.
Pandey, V. S. & Cabaret, J. (1983) Stomach parasites of donkeys in Morocco: habitat and interspecific interactions. Veterinary Parasitology 49, 331337.
Rohde, K., Hayward, C., Heap, M. & Gosper, D. (1994) A tropical assemblage of ectoparasites: gill and head parasites of Lethrinus miniatus (Teleostei, Lethrinidae). International Journal for Parasitology 24, 10311053.
Sousa, W.P. (1994) Patterns and processes in communities of helminth parasites. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 9, 5257.
STATITCF (1988) Manuel d'utilisation. Institut Technique des Cereales et des Fourrages, Paris.

The structure of the community of strongyloid nematodes of domestic equids

  • D. Bucknell (a1), H. Hoste (a2), R.B. Gasser (a1) and I. Beveridge (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed