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Simultaneous occurrence of hepatic alveolar and cystic echinococcosis

  • B. Ran (a1), M. Wang (a1), W. Jian (a1), T. Jiang (a1), R. Zhang (a1), Q. Guo (a1), W. Zhang (a1), H. Wen (a1), Y. Shao (a1) and T. Aji (a1)...


The co-occurrence of hepatic cystic echinococcosis (CE) and alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is extremely rare. Here, we present the clinical manifestations and treatment outcomes of three cases with co-occurring CE and AE in the liver. Computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging and 18FFluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography-CT were used for preoperative diagnosis. Specimens were taken intraoperatively and sent for pathological studies to confirm the coexistence of CE and AE by laminated membrane, daughter cysts or germinal layer and infiltration structure. Albendazole was prescribed after operation for 12 months. All patients were completely recovered and showed no recurrence at last follow-up. Therefore, surgical intervention and postoperative application of albendazole are recommended for patients with concurrence of hepatic AE and CE.


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Author for correspondence: T. Aji, E-mail:


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