Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Patterns of parasitic infections in faecal samples from stray cat populations in Qatar

  • M.A. Abu-Madi (a1), D.A. Al-Ahbabi (a1), M.M. Al-Mashhadani (a1), R. Al-Ibrahim (a1), P. Pal (a2) and J.W. Lewis (a2)...

Abstract

The parasite fauna of stray cat populations, comprising mainly helminth parasites, is described for the first time from the arid environment of the Qatar peninsula. During the winter and summer months of 2005, 824 faecal samples were examined from six sites in Qatar. Up to seven species of parasites were identified, six of which were nematodes – Strongyloides stercoralis as the most prevalent (18.4%), followed by Aelurostrongylus abstrusus (7.5%), Toxocara cati (6.1%), Ancylostoma tubaeforme (5.9%) and Physaloptera sp. (4.8%) and Toxascaris leonina (0.7%) – and one sporozoan species, Isospora felis (0.5%). Unidentified cestode eggs were also recovered from 10.7% of samples examined. The parasite species were found to be highly overdispersed in faecal samples from all sites, whereas the prevalence and intensity of infections were influenced by site and season. Infection levels tended to be higher during the winter season, especially in the case of A. abstrusus and A. tubaeforme, when conditions of temperature and humidity were more favourable for the development of egg and/or larval stages of parasites compared with the extremely hot and dry summer months. The results are discussed in relation to the distribution of the cat population in the vicinity of Doha and its outskirts and the potential threat of parasite transmission to human communities in Qatar.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Fax: 00974-4651657 E-mail: abumadi@qu.edu.qa

References

Hide All
Abo-Shady, A.F., Ali, M.M. & Abdel-Magied, S. (1983) Helminth parasites of cats in Dakahlia, Egypt. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 13, 129133.
Abu-Madi, M.A., Lewis, J.W., Mickail, M., El-Nagger, M.E. & Behnke, J.M. (2001) Monospecific helminth and arthropod infections in an urban population of brown rats from Doha, Qatar. Journal of Helminthology 75, 313320.
Abu-Madi, M.A., Behnke, J.M., Mickail, M., Lewis, J.W. & Al-Kaabi, M.L. (2005) Parasite populations in the brown rat Rattus norvegicus from Doha, Qatar between years: the effect of host age, sex and density. Journal of Helminthology 79, 105111.
Anderson, R.M. & Gordon, D.M. (1982) Processes influencing the distribution of parasite numbers within host populations special emphasis on parasite-induced host mortalities. Parasitology 85, 373389.
Arafa, M.S., Nasr, N.T., Khalifa, R., Mahdi, A.H., Wafiya, S.M. & Khalil, M.S. (1978) Cats as reservoir hosts of Toxocara and other parasites potentially transmissible to man in Egypt. Acta Parasitologica Polonica 25, 383391.
Barutzki, D. & Schaper, R. (2003) Endoparasites in dogs and cats in Germany 1999-2002. Parasitology Research 90, 148150.
Bennett, M., Lloyd, G. & Jones, N. (1990) Prevalence of antibody to hunt a virus in some cat populations in Britain. Veterinary Record 127, 548549.
Calvete, C., Lucientes, J., Castillo, J.A., Estrada, R., Garcia, M.J., Peribàňez, M.A. & Ferrer, M. (1998) Gastrointestinal helminth parasites in stray cats from the mid-Ebro Vally, Spain. Veterinary Parasitology 75, 235240.
Coatin, N., Hellmann, K., Mencke, N. & Epe, C. (2003) Recent investigation on the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes in cats from France and Germany. Parasitology Research 90, 146147.
Coman, B.J. (1972) A survey of the gastrointestinal parasites of the feral cats in Victoria. Australian Veterinary Journal 48, 133136.
Delahay, R.J., Daniels, M.J., McDonald, D.W., McGuire, K. & Balharry, D. (1998) Do patterns of helminth parasitism differ between groups of wild-living cats in Scotland? Journal of Zoology 245, 175183.
Dubey, J.P. (1966) Toxocara cati and other intestinal parasites of cats. Veterinary Record 79, 506507.
El-Shabrawy, M.N. & Imam, E.A. (1978) Studies on Cestodes of domestic cats in Egypt with particular reference to species belonging to genera Diplopylidium and Joyeuxiella. Journal of Egyptian Veterinary Medical Association 38, 1927.
Engbaek, K., Madsen, H. & Larsen, S.O. (1984) A survey of helminths in stray cats from Copenhagen with ecological aspects. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde 70, 8794.
Fisher, M. (2003) Toxocara cati: an underestimated zoonotic agent. Trends in Parasitology 19, 167170.
Gotuzzo, E., Terashima, A., Alvarez, A., Tello, R., Infante, R., Watts, D.M. & Freeman, D.O. (1999) Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection associated with human T cell lymphotropic virus type-1 infection in Peru. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 60, 146149.
Hasslinger, M.A., Omar, H.M. & Selim, M.K. (1988) The incidence of helminths in stray cats in Egypt and other mediterranean countries. Veterinary Medical Review 59, 7681.
Holland, C.V. & Smith, H.V. (2006) Toxocara the enigmatic parasite. 301 pp. Wallingford UK, CABI Publishing.
Hutchison, W.M. (1956) The incidence and distribution of Hydatigera taeniaeformis and other intestinal helminths in Scottish cats. Journal of Parasitology 43, 318321.
Khalil, H.M., Khaled, M.I.M., Arafa, M.S. & Sadek, M.S.M. (1976) Incidence of Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati infection among stray dogs and cats in Cairo and Giza Governments, ARF. Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association 51, 45–49.
Labarthe, N., Serrão, M.L., Ferreira, A.M.R., Almeida, N.K.O. & Guerrero, J. (2004) A survey of gastrointestinal helminths in cats of the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 123, 133139.
Lewis, E.A. (1927) A study of the helminths of dogs and cats of Aberystwyth, Wales. Journal of Helminthology 5, 171182.
Lewis, J.W. & Maizels, R.M. (1993) Toxocara and toxocariasis: Clinical epidemiological and molecular perspectives. 169 pp. London, Institute of Biology Press.
McColm, A.A. & Hutchison, W.M. (1980) The prevalence of intestinal helminths in stray cats in central Scotland. Journal of Helminthology 54, 255257.
McGlade, T.R., Robertson, I.D., Elliot, A.D., Read, C. & Thompson, R.C.A. (2003) Gastrointestinal parasites of domestic cats in Perth, Western Australia. Veterinary Parasitology 117, 251262.
Morsy, T.A., Michael, S.A. & El-Disi, A.M. (1980) Cats as reservoir hosts of human parasites in Amman, Jordan. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 10, 5–18.
Nichol, S., Ball, S.J. & Snow, K.R. (1981) Prevalence of intestinal parasites in feral cats in some urban areas of England. Veterinary Parasitology 9, 107–110.
Oldham, J.N. (1965) Observations on the incidence of Toxocara and Toxascaris in dogs and cats from the London area. Journal of Helminthology 39, 251256.
Pal, P. & Lewis, J.W. (2004) Parasite aggregations in host populations using a reformulated negative binomial model. Journal of Helminthology 78, 57–61.
Robertson, I.D. & Thompson, R.C.A. (2002) Enteric parasitic zoonoses of domesticated dogs and cats. Microbes and Infection 4, 867873.
Shaw, J., Dunsmore, J. & Jakob-Hoff, R. (1983) Prevalence of some gastrointestinal parasites in cats in the Perth area. Australian Veterinary Journal 60, 151152.
Siddiqui, A.A. & Brek, S.L. (2001) Diagnosis of Strongyloides stercoralis infection. Clinical Infectious Diseases 33, 10401047.
Speare, R. & Tinsley, D.J. (1987) Survey of cats for Strongyloid felis. Australian Veterinary Journal 64, 191.
Stoichev, I., Hanchev, J. & Svilenov, D. (1982) Helminths and pathomorphological lesions in cats from villages of Bulgaria with human endemic nephropathy. Zentralblatt für Veterinarmedizin B29, 292302.
Thompson, R.C.A., Meloni, B.P., Hopkins, R.M., Deplazes, P. & Reynoldson, J.A. (1993) Observations on the endo- and ectoparasites affecting dogs and cats in Aboriginal communities in the north-west of Western Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal 70, 268–270.
Wakelin, D. (1987) Parasite survival and variability in host immune responsiveness. Mammal Review 17, 135–141.
Wilson-Hanson, S.L. & Prescott, C.W. (1982) A survey for parasites in cats. Australian Veterinary Journal 59, 194.
Woodruff, A.W., Thacker, C.K. & Shah, A.I. (1964) Infection with animal helminths. British Medical Journal 1, 10011005.
Yamagushi, N., Macdonald, D.W., Passanisi, W.C., Harbour, D.A. & Hopper, C.D. (1996) Parasite prevalence in free-roaming farm cats, Felis silvestris catus. Epidemiology and Infection 116, 217–223.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed