Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Ovicidal activity of Paecilomyces lilacinus on Moniezia sp. eggs

  • F.R. Braga (a1), J.V. Araújo (a1), J.M. Araujo (a1), R.O. Carvalho (a1), A.R. Silva (a1), A.K. Campos (a2) and A.O. Tavela (a1)...

Abstract

The ovicidal activity of Paecilomyces lilacinus was evaluated on Moniezia sp. eggs. Eggs of Moniezia sp. were incubated on plates with 2% agar-water inoculated with grown fungal isolates and a control treatment without fungus. After 5, 10 and 15 days post-inoculation, the eggs were removed and classified according to the following parameters: effect type 1, lytic effect without morphological damage to eggshells; effect type 2, lytic effect with morphological change in embryos and eggshells; and effect type 3, lytic effect with morphological change in embryos and eggshells, with hyphal penetration and internal colonization of eggs. Paecilomyces lilacinus showed percentages for ovicidal activity (P < 0.01), mainly type 3 effect, of 19, 20 and 23% on eggs of Moniezia sp., after 5, 10 and 15 days post-inoculation, respectively. Therefore P. lilacinus can be considered as a potential biological control agent for this cestode.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Fax: +55 (31) 3899-1464 E-mail: jvictor@ufv.br

References

Hide All
Araújo, J.V., Santos, M.A. & Ferraz, S. (1995) Efeito ovicida de fungos nematófagos sobre ovos embrionados de Toxocara canis. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia 47, 3742.
Araújo, J.V., Guimarães, M.P., Campos, A.K., , N.C. & Assis, R.C.L. (2004) Control of bovine gastrointestinal nematode parasites using pellets of the nematode trapping fungus Monacrosporium thaumasium. Ciência Rural 34, 457463.
Araújo, J.V., Freitas, B.W., Vieira, T.C. & Campos, A.K. (2006) Avaliação do fungo predador de nematóides Duddingtonia flagrans sobre larvas infectantes de Haemonchus contortus e Strongyloides papillosus de caprinos. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária 15, 7679.
Ayres, M., Ayres, J.R.M., Ayres, D.L. & Santos, A.S. (2003) Aplicações estatísticas nas áreas de ciências biológicas. 290 pp. Brasília.
Basualdo, J.A., Ciarmela, M.L., Sarmiento, P.L. & Minvielle, M.C. (2000) Biological activity of Paecilomyces lilacinus genus against Toxocara canis eggs. Parasitology Research 86, 854859.
Beveridge, I. (1994) Family Anoplocephalidae Cholodkovsky. In Khalil, L.F., Jones, A. & Bray, R.A. (Eds) Keys to the cestode parasites of vertebrates. 3rd edn.Wallingford, UK, CAB International.
Carneiro, R.M.D.G. & Cayrol, J.C. (1991) Relationship between inoculum density of the nematophagous fungus Paecilomyces lilacinus and control of Meloidogyne arenaria on tomato. Revista Nematologica 14, 629634.
Ciarmela, M.L., Basualdo, F. & Basualdo, J.A. (2000) Biological control of Paecilomyces lilacinus genus against Toxocara canis eggs. Parasitology Research 86, 854859.
Ciarmela, M.L., Lori, M.G. & Basulado, J.A. (2002) Biological interaction between soil fungi and Toxocara canis eggs. Veterinary Parasitology 103, 251257.
Ciarmela, M.L., Thevenet, P.S., Alvarez, H.M., Minvielle, M.C. & Basualdo, J.A. (2005) Effect of Paecilomyces lilacinus on the viability of oncospheres of Taenia hydatigena. Veterinary Parasitology 131, 6164.
Fiedler, Z.A. & Sosnowska, D. (2007) Nematophagous fungus Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson is also a biological agent for control of greenhouse insects and mite pests. Biological Control 52, 547558.
Gomes, A.S., Araújo, J.V. & Ribeiro, R.C.F. (1999) Differential in vitro pathogenicity of predatory fungi of the genus Monacrosporium for phytonematodes, free-living nematode and parasitic nematodes of cattle. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 32, 7983.
Gronvold, J., Wolstrup, J., Nansen, P., Henriksen, S.A., Larsen, M. & Bresciani, J. (1993) Biological control of nematode parasite in cattle with nematode-trapping fungi: a survey of Danish studies. Veterinary Parasitology 48, 311325.
Lysek, H. (1976) Classification of ovicide fungi according to type of ovicidity. Acta University Palackianae Olomue 76, 913.
Lysek, H. (1978) A scanning electron microscope study of the effects of ovicidal fungus on the eggs of Ascaris lumbricoides. Parasitology 77, 139141.
Lysek, H., Fassatiová, O., Pineda, N.C. & Hernández, N.L. (1982) Ovicidal fungi in soils of Cuba. Folia Parasitologica 29, 265270.
Mizobutsi, E., Ferraz, S. & Ribeiro, R.C.F. (2000) Avaliação do parasitismo de diversos isolados fúngicos em ovos de Heterodera glycines e Meloidogyne javanica. Nematologia Brasileira 24, 167172.
Mota, M.A., Campos, A.K. & Araújo, J.V. (2003) Controle biológico de helmintos parasitos de animais: estágio atual e perspectivas futuras. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 23, 93100.
Olivares-Bernabeu, C. & López-Llorca, L.V. (2002) Fungal egg-parasites of plant-parasitic nematodes from Spanish soils. Revista Iberoameicana de Micologia 19, 104110.
Park, J.O., Hargreaves, E.J., McConville, G.R., Stirling, G.R., Ghisalberti, E.L. & Sivasithamparam, K. (2004) Production of leucinostatins and nematicidal activity of Australian isolates of Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson. Letters in Applied Microbiology 38, 271276.
Santiago, D.C., Homechim, M., Silva, J.F.V., Ribeiro, E.R., Gomes, B.C. & Santoro, P.H. (2006) Seleção de isolados de Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom.) Samson para controle de Meloidogyne paranaensis em tomateiro. Ciência Rural 36, 10551064.
Spasskii, A.A. (1951) Essentials of cestodology: anoplocephalate tapeworms of domestic and wild animals. Moscow, Academy of Sciences of the USSR (English translation: Jerusalem, Israel Program for Scientific Translations).
Waller, P.J. (1999) International approaches to the concept of integrated control of nematode parasites of livestock. International Journal for Parasitology 29, 155164.

Ovicidal activity of Paecilomyces lilacinus on Moniezia sp. eggs

  • F.R. Braga (a1), J.V. Araújo (a1), J.M. Araujo (a1), R.O. Carvalho (a1), A.R. Silva (a1), A.K. Campos (a2) and A.O. Tavela (a1)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.