Ali, F., Brown, A., Stanssens, P., Timothy, L.M., Soule, H.R. & Pritchard, D.I. (2001) Vacciantion with neutrophil inhibitory factor reduces the fecundity of the hookworm Ancylostoma ceylanicum. Parasite Immunology 23, 237–249.
Alkazmi, L.M.M. (2004) .
Alkazmi, L.M.M., Dehlawi, M.S. & Behnke, J.M. (2006) The effect of the hookworm Ancylostoma ceylanicum on the mucosal architecture of the small intestine. Journal of Helminthology 80, 397–407.
Artis, D., Wang, M.L., Keilbaugh, S.A., He, W., Brenes, M., Swain, G.P., Knight, P.A., Donaldson, D.D., Lazar, M.A., Miller, H.R.P., Schad, G.A., Scott, P. & Wu, G.D. (2004) RELMβ/FIZZ2 is a goblet cell-specific immune-effector molecule in the gastrointestinal tract. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101, 13596–13600.
Aziz, M.A. & Siddiqui, A.R. (1968) Morphological and absorption studies of small intestine in hookworm disease (Ancylostomiasis) in West Pakistan. Gastroenterology 55, 242–250.
Behnke, J.M. (1987) Do hookworms elicit protective immunity in man? Parasitology Today 3, 200–206.
Behnke, J.M. (1991) . pp. 51–91in Gilles, H.M. & Ball, P.A.J. (Eds) Human parasitic diseases, Volume 4, Hookworm infections. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Elsevier.
Behnke, J.M., Dehlawi, M.S., Rose, R., Spyropoulos, P.N. & Wakelin, D. (1994a) The response of hamsters to primary and secondary infection with Trichinella spiralis and to vaccination with parasite antigens. Journal of Helminthology 68, 287–294.
Behnke, J.M., Rose, R. & Little, J. (1994b) Resistance of the hookworms Ancylostoma ceylanicum and Necator americanus to intestinal inflammatory responses induced by heterologous infection. International Journal for Parasitology 24, 91–101.
Behnke, J.M., Guest, J. & Rose, R. (1997) Expression of acquired immunity to the hookworm Ancylostoma ceylanicum in hamsters. Parasite Immunology 19, 309–318.
Cable, J., Harris, P.D., Lewis, J.W. & Behnke, J.M. (2006) Molecular evidence that Heligmosomoides polygyrus from laboratory mice and wood mice are separate species. Parasitology 133, 111–122.
Carroll, S.M., Robertson, T.A., Papadimitriou, J.M. & Grove, D.I. (1984) Transmission electron microscopical studies of the site of attachment of Ancylostoma ceylanicum to the small bowel mucosa of the dog. Journal of Helminthology 58, 313–320.
Carroll, S.M., Robertson, T.A., Papadimitriou, J.M. & Grove, D.I. (1985) Scanning electron microscopy of Ancylostoma ceylanicum and its site of attachment to the small intestinal mucosa of dogs. Zietschrift für Parasitenkunde 71, 79–85.
Carroll, S.M., Grove, D.I. & Heenan, P.J. (1986) Kinetics of cells in the intestinal mucosa of mice following oral infection with Ancylostoma ceylancium. International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology 79, 26–32.
Chaudhuri, R.N. & Saha, T.K. (1964) Jejunal mucosa in hookworm disease. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 13, 410–411.
Chu, D., Bungiro, R.D., Ibanez, M., Harrison, L.M., Campdonico, E., Jones, B.F., Mieszczanek, J., Kuzmic, P. & Cappello, M. (2004) Molecular characterization of Ancylostoma ceylanicum Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor: evidence for a role in hookworm-associated growth delay. Infection and Immunity 72, 2214–2221.
Cliffe, L.J. & Grencis, R.K. (2004) The Trichuris muris system: a paradigm of resistance and susceptibility to intestinal nematode infection. Advances in Parasitology 57, 255–307.
Croese, J. & Speare, R. (2006) Intestinal allergy expels hookworms: seeing is believing. Trends in Parasitology 22, 547–550.
Croese, J., Wood, M.J., Melrose, W. & Speare, R. (2006) Allergy controls the population density of Necator americanus in the small intestine. Gastroenterology 131, 402–409.
Datta, R., deSchoolmeester, M.L., Hedeler, C., Paton, N.W., Brass, A.M. & Else, K.J. (2005) Identification of novel genes in intestinal tissue that are regulated after infection with an intestinal nematode parasite. Infection and Immunity 73, 4025–4033.
Dehlawi, M.S. & Wakelin, D. (1995) Dose-dependency of mucosal mast cell responses in mice infected with Trichinella spiralis. Research and Reviews in Parasitology 55, 21–24.
Dehlawi, M.S. & Wakelin, D. (2002) Parameters of intestinal inflammation in mice given graded infections of the nematode Trichinella spiralis. Journal of Helminthology 76, 113–117.
Dehlawi, M.S., Wakelin, D. & Behnke, J.M. (1987) Suppression of mucosal mastocytosis by infection with the intestinal nematode Nematospiroides dubius. Parasite Immunology 9, 187–194.
Elliott, J.M. (1977) Some methods for the statistical analysis of samples of benthic invertebrates. Cumbria, UK, Freshwater Biological Association.
Elphick, D.A. & Mahida, Y.R. (2005) Paneth cells: their role in innate immunity and inflammatory disease. Gut 54, 1802–1809.
Else, K.J. & Finkelman, F.D. (1999) Intestinal nematode parasites, cytokines and effector mechanisms. International Journal for Parasitology 28, 1145–1158.
Else, K.J. & Grencis, R.K. (1991) Cellular immune responses to the murine nematode parasite Trichuris muris. 1. Differential cytokine production during acute or chronic infection. Immunology 72, 508–513.
Finkelman, F.D., Shea-Donohue, T., Goldhill, J., Sullivan, C.A., Morris, S.C., Madden, K.B., Gause, W.C. & Urban, J.F. (1997) Cytokine regulation of host defense against parasitic gastrointestinal nematodes. Annual Reviews in Immunology 15, 505–533.
Garside, P. & Behnke, J.M. (1989) Ancylostoma ceylanicum: observations on host-parasite relationship during primary infection. Parasitology 98, 283–289.
Garside, P., Behnke, J.M. & Rose, R.A. (1990) Acquired immunity to Ancyclostoma ceylanicum in hamsters. Parasite Immunology 12, 247–258.
Garside, P., Grencis, R.K. & Mowatt, M.A.C.I. (1992) T lymphocyte dependent enteropathy in murine Trichinella spiralis infection. Parasite Immunology 14, 217–225.
Ghosh, K., Wu, W., Antione, A.D., Bottazzi, M.E., Valenzuela, J.G., Hotez, P.J. & Mendez, S. (2006) The impact of concurrent and treated Ancylostoma ceylanicum hookworm infections on the immunogenicity of a recombinant hookworm vaccine in hamsters. Journal of Infectious Diseases 193, 155–162.
Gibbs, H.C. (1958) On the gross and microscopic lesions produced by the adults and larvae of Dochmoides stenocephala (Railliet, 1884) in the dog. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine 22, 382–385.
Grencis, R.K. (1997) Th2 mediated host protective immunity to intestinal nematode infections. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London Series B Biological Sciences 352, 1377.
Hayes, K.S., Bancroft, A.J. & Grencis, R.K. (2004) Immune-mediated regulation of chronic intestinal nematode infection. Immunological Reviews 201, 75–88.
Hotez, P.J., Bethony, J., Botazzi, M.E., Brooker, S., Diemert, D. & Loukas, A. (2006) New technologies for the control of human hookworm infection. Trends in Parasitology 22, 327–331.
Ishikawa, N., Horii, Y. & Nawa, Y. (1993) Immune-mediated alteration of the terminal sugars of goblet cell mucins in the small intestine of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis-infected rats. Immunology 78, 303–307.
Kalkofen, U.P. (1974) Intestinal trauma resulting from feeding activities of Ancylostoma caninum. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 23, 1046–1053.
Kamal, M., Wakelin, D., Ouellette, A.J., Smith, S., Podolsky, D.K. & Mahida, Y.R. (2001) Mucosal T cells regulate Paneth and intermediate cell numbers in the small intestine of T. spiralis-infected mice. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 126, 117–125.
Kamal, M., Dehlawi, M.S., Rosa Brunet, L. & Wakelin, D. (2002) Paneth and intermediate cell hyperplasia induced in mice by helminth infections. Parasitology 125, 275–281.
Kermanizadeh, P., Crompton, D.W.T. & Hagan, P. (1997) A simple method for counting cells in tissue sections. Parasitology Today 13, 405.
Klion, A.D. & Nutman, T.B. (2003) The role of eosinophils in host defense against helminth parasites. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 113, 30–37.
Lammas, D.A., Wakelin, D., Mitchell, L.A., Tuohy, M., Else, K.J. & Grencis, R.K. (1992) Genetic influences upon eosinophilia and resistance in mice infected with Trichinella spiralis. Parasitology 105, 117–124.
Lawrence, C.E., Paterson, J.C.M., Wei, X.-Q., Liew, F.Y., Garside, P. & Kennedy, M.W. (2000) Nitric oxide mediates intestinal pathology but not immune expulsion during Trichinella spiralis infection in mice. Journal of Immunology 164, 4229–4234.
Layrisse, M., Blumenfeld, N., Carbonell, L., Desenne, J. & Roche, M. (1964) Intestinal absorption tests and biopsy of the jejunum in subjects with heavy hookworm infection. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 13, 297–305.
Loukas, A. & Prociv, P. (2001) Immune responses in hookworm infections. Clincial and Microbiological Reviews 14, 689–703.
McKenzie, G.J., Bancroft, A., Grencis, R.K. & McKenzie, N.J. (1998) A distinct role for interleukin-13 in the Th2-cell-mediated immune responses. Current Biology 8, 339–342.
Mendez, S., Zhan, B., Goud, G., Ghosh, K., Dobardzic, A., Wu, W., Liu, S., Deumic, V., Dobardzic, R., Liu, Y., Bethony, J. & Hotez, P.J. (2005) Effect of combining the larval antigens Ancylostoma secreted protein 2 (ASP-2) and metalloprotease 1 (MTP-1) in protecting hamsters against hookworm infection and disease caused by Ancylostoma ceylanicum. Vaccine 23, 3123–3130.
Nair, M.G., Guild, K.J. & Artis, D. (2006) Novel effector molecules in the type 2 inflammation: lessons drawn from helminth infection and allergy. Journal of Immunology 177, 1393–1399.
Pemberton, A.D., Knight, P.A., Gamble, J., Colledge, W.H., Lee, J.-K., Pierce, M. & Miller, H.R.P. (2004) Innate BALB/c enteric responses to Trichinella spiralis: inducible expression of a novel goblet cell lectin, intelectin-2, and its natural deletion in C57BL/10 mice. Journal of Immunology 173, 1894–1901.
Pennock, J.L. & Grencis, R.K. (2006) The mast cell and gut nematodes: damage and defence. Chemical Immunology and Allergy 90, 128–140.
Pritchard, D.I. & Brown, A. (2001) Is Necator americanus approaching a mutualistic symbiotic relationship with humans? Trends in Parasitology 17, 169–172.
Satoh, Y., Yamano, M., Matsuda, M. & Onon, K. (1990) Ultrastructure of Paneth cells in the intestine of various mammals. Journal of Electron Microscopy Technique 16, 69–80.
Schopf, L.R., Hoffman, K.F., Cheever, A.W., Urban, J.F. Jr & Wynn, T.A. (2002) IL-10 is critical for host resistance and survival during gastrointestinal helminth infection. Journal of Immunology 168, 2383–2392.
Shi, B.B., Ishikawa, N., Itoh, H., Khan, A.I., Tsuchiya, K., Horii, Y. & Nawa, Y. (1995) Goblet cell hyperplasia induced by Strongyloides venezuelensis-infection in Syrian golden hamsters, Mesocricetus auratus. International Journal for Parasitology 25, 399–402.
Steppan, C.M., Brown, E.J., Wright, C.M., Bhat, S., Banerjee, R.R., Dai, C.Y., Enders, G.H., Silberg, D.G., Wen, X., Wu, G.D. & Lazar, M.A. (2001) A family of tissue-specific resistin-like molecules. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98, 502–506.
Theodoropoulos, G., Hicks, S.J., Corfield, A.P., Miller, B.G. & Carrington, S.D. (2001) The role of mucins in host–parasite interactions: Part II – helminth parasites. Trends in Parasitology 17, 130–135.
Vardhani, V.V. (2003) Eosinophil relationship in gut anaphylaxis during experimental ancylostomosis. Veterinary Parasitology 115, 25–33.
Wahid, F.N., Behnke, J.M., Grencis, R.K., Else, K.J. & Ben-Smith, A.W. (1994) Immunological relationships during primary infection with Heligmosomoides polygyrus: Th2 cytokines and primary response phenotype. Parasitology 108, 461–471.
Webb, R.A., Hoque, T. & Dimas, S. (2007) Expulsion of the gastrointestinal cestode, Hymenolepis diminuta by tolerant rats: evidence for mediation by a Th2 type immune enhanced goblet cell hyperplasia, increased mucin production and secretion. Parasite Immunology 29, 11–21.
Whipple, G.H. (1909) Uncinariasis in Panama. American Journal of Medical Science 138, 40–48.
Wilson, M.S., Taylor, M.D., Balic, A., Finney, C.A., Lamb, J.R. & Maizels, R.M. (2005) Suppression of allergic airway inflammation by helminth-induced regulatory T cells. Journal of Experimental Medicine 202, 1199–1212.
Yamauchi, J., Kawai, Y., Yamada, M., Uchikawa, R., Tegoshi, T. & Arizono, N. (2006) Altered expression of goblet cell- and mucin glycosylation-related genes in the intestinal epithelium during infection with the nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis in rat. Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica 114, 270–278.