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Morphological and molecular characterization of Megalobatrachonema hainanensis sp. nov. (Nematoda: Ascaridida), with phylogenetic position of Megalobatrachonema in Cosmocercoidea

  • H.-X. Chen (a1), L.-P. Zhang (a1) and L. Li (a1)

Abstract

The genus Megalobatrachonema is a rare group of nematode parasites within Ascaridida. The systematic status of Megalobatrachonema in the superfamily Cosmocercoidea (Ascaridida) has long been controversial. The relationship of Megalobatrachonema and Chabaudgolvania remains unsolved. In the present study, a new species of Megalobatrachonema, M. hainanensis sp. nov., was described based on specimens collected in Amolops hainanensis (Boulenger) and Hylarana spinulosa (Smith) (Amphibia: Anura) from Hainan Island, China. The large ribosomal DNA (28S) and internal transcribed spacer (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) were also sequenced for molecular identification and phylogenetic study. Phylogenetic analyses using maximum likelihood (ML) inference and Bayesian inference (BI) based on 28S and ITS1 sequence data, respectively, supported that Megalobatrachonema is a member of the family Kathlaniidae. In addition, the genetic comparison and phylogenetic results based on ITS1 sequence data also supported that the genus Chabaudgolvania should be considered as a synonym of Megalobatrachonema.

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Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: L. Li, E-mail: liangliangex369@126.com

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  • ISSN: 0022-149X
  • EISSN: 1475-2697
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