Skip to main content Accessibility help

Infection levels and seasonality of monogeneans in the largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides (Perciformes: Centrarchidae) from Nuevo León, Mexico

  • L. Galaviz-Silva (a1), F.J. Iruegas-Buentello (a1), B. Escobar-González (a1) and Z.J. Molina-Garza (a1)


Largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides, is a native fish species with special importance for sport fishing competitions in Nuevo León, Mexico. However, no study has investigated the parasitic fauna of M. salmoides, and no reports are available on monogenean parasites in this fish species. Therefore, we described the monogenean parasites of M. salmoides and the effects of season and fish condition factor in five reservoirs: La Boca (LB), El Cuchillo–Solidaridad (CS), Sombreretillo (S), Laguna Salinillas (LS) and Cerro Prieto (CP). The monogeneans infecting M. salmoides were Clavunculus unguis and Acolpenteron ureteroecetes (collected in all localities), as well as Syncleithrium fusiformis, Haplocleidus furcatus, Clavunculus bifurcatus and Urocleidus principalis (CS). Clavunculus unguis had the highest prevalence in fish from all reservoirs. The abundance of monogeneans was generally greater in late spring to autumn than in winter. Although season was not correlated with abundance (r s = 0.0934, P <  0.0154), the months of highest temperature (from May to September) were positively correlated with parasite abundance. A significant association was observed between fish condition factor and the presence of monogeneans (P <  0.05), except for A. ureteroecetes. Our findings include five new geographic records for C. unguis, S. fusiformis, H. furcatus and C. bifurcatus.


Corresponding author

*Fax: (52) 81 83524425 E-mail:


Hide All
Aguilar-Aguilar, R., Martínez-Aquino, A., Espinosa–Pérez, H. & Pérez-Ponce de León, G. (2014) Helminth parasites of freshwater fishes from Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, in the Chihuahuan desert of Mexico: inventory and biogeographical implications. Integrative Zoology 9, 328339.
Aliff, J.V., Smith, D. & Lucas, H. (1977) Some metazoan parasites from fishes of middle Georgia. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 96, 145148.
Allison, R. & Rogers, W.A. (1970) Monogenetic trematodes of some Alabama fresh water fishes with descriptions of four new species and redescriptions of two species. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 37, 1723.
Anderson, R.M. & May, R.M. (1978) Regulation and stability of host–parasite population interactions: I. Regulatory processes. Journal of Animal Ecology 47, 219247.
Anonymous (2010) Acceptable methods of euthanasia for fishes. Queen's University, University Animal Care Committee, ON, Canada.
Bangham, R.V. (1941) Parasites from fish of Buckeye Lake, Ohio. Ohio Journal of Science 41, 441448.
Becker, C.D. (1972) Initial records of Monogenea from juvenile bass in the Central Columbia River, Washington. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 101, 723726.
Beverley-Burton, M. (1986) The taxonomic status of Actinocleidus Mueller, 1937; Anchoradiscus Mizelle, 1941; Clavunculus Mizelle et al., 1956; Anchoradiscoides Togers, 1967; Syncleithrium Price, 1967 and Crinicleidus n. gen.: North American Ancyrocephalids (Monogenea) with articulating haptoral bars. Journal of Parasitology 72, 2244.
Brown, T.G., Runciman, B., Pollard, S. & Grant, D.A. (2009) Biological synopsis of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2884, 126.
Bunkley-Williams, L. & Williams, E.H. Jr (1994) Parasites of Puerto Rican freshwater sport fishes. Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico Department of Natural and Environmental Resources.
Bush, A.O., Lafferty, K.D., Lotz, J.M. & Shostak, A.W. (1997) Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology 83, 575583.
Cloutman, D.G. & Becker, D.A. (1977) Some ecological aspects of Ergasilus centrarchidarum Wright (Crustacea: Copepoda) on largemouth and spotted bass in Lake Fort Smith, Arkansas. Journal of Parasitology 63, 372376.
Collins, M.R. & Janovy, J. Jr (2003) Host specificity among Ancyrocephalinae (Monogenoidea) of Nebraska Sunfish. Journal of Parasitology 89, 8083.
Comas, M., Ribas, A., Milazzo, C., Sperone, E. & Tripepi, S. (2014) High levels of prevalence related to age and body condition: host–parasite interactions in a water frog Pelophylax kl. hispanicus . Acta Herpetologica 9, 2531.
CONAGUA (Comisión Nacional del Agua). (2014) Humedales de la República Mexicana. Visualizador Geográfico Espacial de Humedales de la República Mexicana. Available at / (accessed 14 October 2014).
Crafford, D., Luus-Powell, W. & Avenant-Oldewage, A. (2014) Monogenean parasites from fishes of the Vaal Dam, Gauteng Province, South Africa. I. Winter survey versus summer survey comparison from Labeo capensis (Smith, 1841) and Labeo umbratus (Smith, 1841) hosts. Acta Parasitologica 59, 1724.
Dargent, F., Scott, M.E., Hendry, A.P. & Fussmann, G.F. (2013) Experimental elimination of parasites in nature leads to the evolution of increased resistance in hosts. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 280, 20132371.
Dechtiar, A.O. (1972) New parasite records for Lake Erie fish. Great Lakes Fisheries Commission Technical Report 17, 20.
Fischthal, J.H. & Allison, L.N. (1940) Acolpenteron ureteroecetes n.g., n.sp. a monogenetic trematode from the ureters of black basses. Journal of Parasitology 26, 3435.
Fischthal, J.H. & Allison, L.N. (1941) Acolpenteron ureteroecetes Fischthal and Allison, 1940, a monogenetic trematode from the ureters of the black basses, with a revision of the family Calcestomatide (Gyrodactyloidea). Journal of Parasitology 6, 517559.
Fulton, T.W. (1904) The rate of growth of fishes. Twenty-second Annual Report, Part III. pp. 141241. Edinburgh, Fisheries Board of Scotland.
Galaviz-Silva, L., Witt-Sepulveda, G.D., Mercado-Hernández, R. & Martínez-Hernández, J.J. (1990) New localities for monogenic trematodes and other ectoparasites of carp Cyprinus carpio and catfish Ictalurus punctatus in northeastern Mexico and their relations with some biotic and abiotic factors. Journal Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 106, 6477.
Galli, P., Strona, G., Benzoni, F., Crosa, G. & Stefani, F. (2007) Monogenoids from freshwater fish in Italy, with comments on alien species. Comparative Parasitology 74, 264272.
Guidelli, G., Gomez-Tavechio, W.L., Takemoto, R.M. & Pavanelli, G.C. (2011) Relative condition factor and parasitism in anostomid fishes from the floodplain of the Upper Paraná River, Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 177, 145151.
Hargis, W.J. (1952) Monogenetic trematodes of Westhampton Lake fishes. II. A list of species and key to the genera encountered. Virginia Journal of Science 3, 112115.
INEGI (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía). (2013) Conociendo Nuevo León. Available at (accessed accessed 14 October 2014).
Khurshid, I. & Ahmad, F. (2014) Parasitic burden of some fresh water fishes of river Sindh in Kashmir in relation to season. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science Engineering and Technology 3, 1568815690.
Kritsky, D.C., Thatcher, V.E. & Boeger, W.A. (1986) Neotropical Monogenea. 8. Revision of Urocleidoides (Dactylogyridae, Ancyrocephalinae). Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 53, 137.
Lozano-Vilano, M.L., García-Ramírez, M.E. & Espinosa-Narváez, M.A. (2013) Peces. pp. 195206 in Cantú-Ayala, C., Rovalo-Merino, M. & Marmolejo, J. (Eds) Historia Natural del Parque Nacional Cumbres de Monterrey, México. Nuevo León, México, Dirección General de Publicaciones, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León.
Matla, M. (2012) Helminth ichthyo-parasitic fauna of a South African sub-tropical lake. PhD thesis, University of Limpopo, South Africa.
McGee, M.N., Whitney, M.J. & Heckmann, R.A. (2001) The monogenean Haplocleidus furcatus Mueller, 1937 (Phylum Platyhelminthes) on Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque, 1819 from Utah: a range extension. Western North American Naturalist 61, 245247.
Meade, T.G. & Bedinger, C.A. Jr (1972) Helminth parasites in some species of fresh water fishes of Eastern Texas. The Southwestern Naturalist 16, 281295.
Mizelle, J.D. (1936) New species of trematodes from the gills of Illinois fishes. The American Midland Naturalist 17, 785806.
Mizelle, J.D. (1940) Studies on monogenetic trematodes. III. Redescriptions and variations in known species. Journal of Parasitology 26, 165178.
Mizelle, J.D. (1941) Studies on monogenetic trematodes V. Tetraonchinae of the stump-knocker sunfish, Eupomotis microlophus (Günther). The American Midland Naturalist 26, 98104.
Mizelle, J.D. & Brennan, W.J. (1942) Studies on monogenetic trematodes. VII. Species infesting the bluegill sunfish. The American Midland Naturalist 27, 135143.
Mizelle, J.D. & Crane, J.W. (1964) Studies on monogenetic trematodes. XXIII. Gill parasites of Micropterus salmoides (Lacépéde) from a California pond. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 83, 343348.
Mizelle, J.D. & Cronin, J.P. (1943) Studies on monogenetic trematodes. X. Gill parasites from Reel Foot Lake fishes. The American Midland Naturalist 30, 196222.
Mizelle, J.D., Stokely, P.S., Jaskoski, B.J., Seamster, A.P. & Monaco, L.H. (1956) North American freshwater Tetraonchinae. The American Midland Naturalist 55, 162179.
Mouritsen, K.N. & Poulin, R. (2002) Parasitism, climate oscillations and the structure of natural communities. OIKOS 97, 462468.
Mueller, J.F. (1934) Parasites of Oneida Lake. Part IV. Additional notes on parasites of Oneida Lake fishes, including descriptions of new species. Roosevelt Wild Life Annals 3, 335373.
Mueller, J.F. (1936) Studies on North American Gyrodactyloidea. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 55, 5572.
Mueller, J.F. (1937) Further studies on North American Gyrodactyloidea. The American Midland Naturalist 18, 207219.
Pomales, A.D. & Williams, E.H. Jr (1980) Yearly variation in the temperate centrarchid, Micropterus salmoides (Lacepede), largemouth bass, twenty-eight years after introduction into a tropical environment. Journal of Parasitology 66, 81.
Price, C.E. (1967) Proposal of Syncleithrium, a new genus of the North American Monogenea. The Texas Journal of Science 19, 175183.
Rawson, M.V. & Rogers, W.A. (1972a) The seasonal abundance of the Ancyrocephalinae (Monogenea) on largemouth bass in Walter F. George Reservoir. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 39, 159162.
Rawson, M.V. & Rogers, W.A. (1972b) Seasonal abundance of Ancyrocephalinae (Monogenoidea) parasites of blue gill, Lepomis macrochirus Raf. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 8, 255260.
Richardson, D.J. & Abdo, A. (2011) Postcyclic transmission of Leptorhynchoides thecatus and Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus (Acanthocephala) to largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). Comparative Parasitology 78, 233235.
Riley, D.M. (1978) Parasites of grass carp and native fishes in Florida. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 107, 207212.
Roy, B.A. & Kirchner, J.W. (2000) Evolutionary dynamics of pathogen resistance and tolerance. Evolution 54, 5163.
Salgado-Maldonado, G. (2006) Checklist of helminth parasites of freshwater fishes from Mexico. Zootaxa 1324, 357.
Sanil, N.K., Azokan, P.K., John, L. & Vijayan, K.K. (2011) Pathological manifestations of the acanthocephalan parasite Tenuiproboscis sp. in the mangrove red snapper (Lutjanus argentimaculatus) (Forsskål, 1775), a candidate species for aquaculture from Southern India. Aquaculture 310, 259266.
Santoro, M., Mattiucci, S., Cipriani, P., Bellisario, B., Romanelli, F., Cimmaruta, R. & Nascetti, G. (2014) Parasite communities of icefish (Chionodraco hamatus) in the Ross Sea (Antarctica): Influence of the host sex on the helminth infracommunity structure. PLoS ONE 9(2), e88876. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088876.
Sarkar, U.K., Khan, G.E., Dabas, A., Pathak, A.K., Mir, J.I., Rebello, S.C. & Singh, P.S. (2013) Length weight relationship and condition factor of selected freshwater fish species in River Ganga, Gomti, and Rapti, India. Journal of Environmental Biology 34, 951956.
Seamster, A. (1938) Gill trematodes from Oklahoma fishes. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 18, 1315.
Tu, X., Ling, F., Huang, A. & Wang, G. (2014) An infection of Gyrodactylus kobayashii Hukuda, 1940 (Monogenea) associated with the mortality of goldfish (Carassius auratus) from central China. Parasitology Research 114, 737745.
Vidal-Martínez, V., Aguirre-Macedo, M.L., Scholtz, T., González-Solis, D. & Mendoza, E.F. (2002) Atlas de los helmintos parásitos de cíclidos en México. 1st edn. 184 pp. México, Dirección General de Publicaciones, Instituto Politécnico Nacional.

Infection levels and seasonality of monogeneans in the largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides (Perciformes: Centrarchidae) from Nuevo León, Mexico

  • L. Galaviz-Silva (a1), F.J. Iruegas-Buentello (a1), B. Escobar-González (a1) and Z.J. Molina-Garza (a1)


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed