Binnington, K.C. & Obenchain, F.D. (1982) Structure and function of the circulatory, nervous and neuroendocrine systems of ticks. pp. 351–398 in Physiology of ticks. Pergamon Press.
Boman, H.G. & Hultmark, D. (1987) Cell-free immunity in insects. Annual Review of Microbiology 41, 103–126.
Chalk, R., Townson, H., Natori, S., Desmond, H. & Ham, P.J. (1994) Purification of an insect defensin from the mosquito, Aedes aegypti. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 24, 403–410.
Chalk, R., Townson, H. & Ham, P.J. (1995) Brugia pahangi: the effects of cecropins on microfilariae in vitro and in Aedes aegypti. Experimental Parasitology 80, 401–406.
Croft, S.L., East, J.S. & Molyneux, D.H. (1982) Anti-trypanosomal factor in the haemolymph of Glossina. Acta Tropica 39, 293–302.
Grubhoffer, L., Veres, J. & Dusábek, F. (1991) Lectins as the molecular factors of recognition and defence reaction of ticks. pp. 381–388 in Modern acarology, Vol. 2. Prague, Academia, and The Hague, SPB Academic Publishing bv.
Ham, P.J., Zulu, M.B. & Zahedi, M. (1988) In vitro haemagglutination and attenuation of microfilarial motility by haemolymph from individual blackflies (Simulium ornatum) infected with Onchocerca lienalis. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 2, 7–18.
Ham, P.J. (1992) Immunity in haematophagous insect vectors of parasitic infection. pp. 101–149 in Advances in disease vector research. New York, Springer-Verlag.
Ham, P.J., Albuquerque, C., Baxter, A.J., Chalk, R. & Hagen, H.E. (1994) Approaches to vector control: new and trusted. 1. Humoral immune responses in blackfly and mosquito vectors of filariae. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 88, 132–135.
Hoffmann, J.A. (1995) Innate immunity of insects. Current Opinion in Immunology 7, 4–10.
Lackie, A.M. (1988) Immune mechanisms in insects. Parasitology Today 4, 98–105.
Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F. & Maniatis, T. (1989) SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of proteins. pp. 18.47–18.57 in Molecular cloning. A laboratory manual. Cold Spring Harbor Publications.
Schwan, E.V., Hutton, D., Shields, K.J.B. & Townson, S. (1991) Artificial feeding and successful reproduction in Ornithodoros moubata moubata (Murray, 1877) (Acarina: Argasidae). Experimental and Applied Acarology 13, 107–115.
Singh, D.P., Chatterjee, R.K. & Sen, A.B. (1988) Studies on susceptibility of Ornithodoros moubata as a vector of Dipetalonema viteae. Journal of Communicable Diseases 20, 220–225.
Townson, H. & Chaithong, U. (1991) Mosquito host influences on development of filariae. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 85, 149–163.
Townson, S., Tagboto, S.K., Castro, J., Lujan, A., Awadzi, K. & Titanji, V.P.K. (1994) Comparison of the sensitivity of different geographical races of Onchocerca volvulus microfilariae to ivermectin: studies in vitro. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 88, 101–106.
Veres, J. & Grubhoffer, L. (1990) Detection and partial characterisation of a new plasma lectin in the haemolymph of the tick Ornithodoros tartakovskyi. Microbios Letters 45, 61–64.