Skip to main content Accessibility help

The effects of age, sex and breed of chicken on susceptibility to Clinostomum complanatum (Digenea: Clinostomatidae)

  • A. M. N. Kalantan (a1), M. Arfin (a1) and W. A. Nizami (a2)


Susceptibility and development of Clinostomum complanatum in the chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) have been studied. The progenetic metacercariae of C. complanatum developed into ovigerous worms in 3 days in the buccal cavity of the chicken and survived only 6–7 days in this experimental host. The susceptibility is influenced by the age, sex and breed/type of the host. Both percent susceptibility and recovery of the worms decreased with increase in the age of the host. The egg laying chickens were found to be least susceptible to the infection. Mature male chickens were more susceptible than the females. The single comb white Leghorn (SCWL) was found to be susceptible while the local type (LT) and the cross breed (SCWL×LT) were not susceptible to C. complanatum. The possible reasons for these variations have been discussed.


Corresponding author

*To whom all correspondence should be addressed.


Hide All
Abidi, S. M. A. & Nizami, W. A. (1987) Developmental changes and histopathology of Clinostomum complanatum (Trematoda) infection in an experimental host. Indian Journal of Parasitology, 11, 235238.
Abidi, S. M. A., Ahmad, M., Nizami, W. A. & Hanna, R. E. B. (1988) Clinostomum complanatum: Tegumental surface changes during in vivo development. International Journal for Parasitology, 18, 433439.
Agarwal, S. M. (1959) Studies on the morphology, systematics and life-history of Clinostomum giganticum n. sp. (Trematoda:Clinostomatidae). Indian Journal of Helminthology, 11, 75115.
Brindley, P. J. & Dobson, C. (1981) Genetic control of liability to infection with Nematospiroides dubius in mice: selection of refractory and liable populations of mice. Parasitology, 83, 5165.
Cheng, T. C. (1973) General Parasitology. Academic Press, New York, San Francisco and London.
Dineen, J. K. & Wagland, B. M. (1982) Immunoregulation of parasites in natural host-parasite systems with special reference to the gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep. In: Biology and control of Endoparasites (editors Symons, L. E. A., Donald, A. D. and Dineen, J. K.). pp. 297329. Academic Press, Australia.
Fried, B. & Foley, D. A. (1970) Development of Clinostomum marginatum (Trematoda) from frogs in the chick and on the chorioallantois. Journal of Parasitology, 56, 332335.
Fried, B. & Guy, W. (1974) The use of a computer program to analyze growth of Leucochloridium variae McIntosh, 1932 (Trematoda) in the domestic chick. International Journal for Parasitology, 4, 7377.
Fried, B. & Nelson, P. D. (1978) Host-parasite relationships of Zygocotyle lunata (Trematoda) in the domestic chick. Parasitology, 77, 4955.
Fried, B., Foley, D. A. & Kern, K. C. (1970) In vitro and in vivo excystation of Clinostomum marginatum (Trematoda) metacercariae. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 37, 222.
Harris, K. R., Fried, B. & Mayer, D. A. (1972) Infectivity, growth and development of Leucochloridiomorpha constantiae (Trematoda) in the chick and on the chorioallantois. Journal of Parasitology, 58, 213216.
Hughes, D. L., Harness, E. & Doy, T. G. (1976) The establishment and duration of Fasciola hepatica infections in two strains of rats and the development of acquired resistance. Research in Veterinary Science, 20, 207211.
Kalantan, A. M. N. & Arfin, M. (1988) In vitro excystation of metacercariae of Clinostomum complanatum (Rudolphi, 1819 Digenea: Clinostomatidae). Acta Zoologica, 69, 163167.
Kalantan, A. M. N., Arfin, M. & Nizami, W. A. (1987) Seasonal incidence and pathogenicity of the metacercariae of Clinostomum complanatum in Aphanius dispar. Japanese Journal of Parasitology, 36, 1723.
Mankau, S. & Hamilton, R. (1972) The effect of sex and sex hormones on the infection of rats by Trichinella spiralis. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 50, 597602.
Molan, A. L. & James, B. L. (1984) The effects of sex, age and diet of mice and gerbils on susceptibility to Microphallus pygmaeus (Digenea: Microphallidae). International Journal for Parasitology, 14, 521526.
Pandey, K. C. (1966) Studies on clinostome metacercariae III. On the morphology of Clinostomum dasi Bhalerao, 1942 and its adult with a note on its validity. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 177, 138151.
Pandey, K. C. & Baugh, S. C. (1969) Studies on clinostome metacercariae II. A restudy of Clinostomum piscidium from metacercaria and adult. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 183, 463480.
Parnell, R. R. (1966) Host-parasite relationship in schistosomiasis, II. The effect of age and sex on the infection of mice and hamsters with cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni and of hamsters with cercariae of Schistosoma haematobium. Annals of Tropical Medical Parasitology, 60, 9499.
Todd, A. C. & Hollingsworth, K. P. (1952) Host sex as a factor in development of Ascaridia galli. Experimental Parasitology, 1, 303304.
Ukoli, F. M. A. (1966) On the life-history, growth and development from the metacercarial stage to adulthood, of Clinostomum tilapiae, Ukoli, 1966. Journal of Helminthology, 40, 215226.


The effects of age, sex and breed of chicken on susceptibility to Clinostomum complanatum (Digenea: Clinostomatidae)

  • A. M. N. Kalantan (a1), M. Arfin (a1) and W. A. Nizami (a2)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed