Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Epidemiology of alveolar echinococcosis in southern Cantal, Auvergne region, France

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 February 2007

J.-F. Magnaval
Affiliation:
Service de Parasitologie, CHU Rangueil, 31059, Toulouse, 9, France
C. Boucher
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire, 23 chemin des Capelles, 31073, Toulouse, France
B. Morassin
Affiliation:
Service de Parasitologie, CHU Rangueil, 31059, Toulouse, 9, France
F. Raoul
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Biologie Environnementale, EA3194 u.s.c. INRA, Université de Franche-Comté, Place Leclerc, 25030, Besançon, France WHO Collaborating Center for Prevention and Treatment of Human Echinococcoses, 25000, Besançon, France
F. Raoul
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Biologie Environnementale, EA3194 u.s.c. INRA, Université de Franche-Comté, Place Leclerc, 25030, Besançon, France WHO Collaborating Center for Prevention and Treatment of Human Echinococcoses, 25000, Besançon, France
C. Duranton
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire, 23 chemin des Capelles, 31073, Toulouse, France
P. Jacquiet
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire, 23 chemin des Capelles, 31073, Toulouse, France
P. Giraudoux
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Biologie Environnementale, EA3194 u.s.c. INRA, Université de Franche-Comté, Place Leclerc, 25030, Besançon, France WHO Collaborating Center for Prevention and Treatment of Human Echinococcoses, 25000, Besançon, France
D.A. Vuitton
Affiliation:
WHO Collaborating Center for Prevention and Treatment of Human Echinococcoses, 25000, Besançon, France
R. Piarroux
Affiliation:
Service de Parasitologie, CHU Jean-Minjoz, 25000, Besançon, France WHO Collaborating Center for Prevention and Treatment of Human Echinococcoses, 25000, Besançon, France
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a helminth zoonosis which is encountered only in the northern hemisphere. In central France, the Auvergne region represents the most western and southern extension of this helminthiasis. In 1999, a human case of AE was diagnosed in the southern part of the Cantal department, where AE was supposed absent, and an epidemiological survey was subsequently carried out. The transmission of the zoonosis in the sylvatic and peridomestic definitive hosts was studied, as well as that in the rodent and human intermediate hosts. Eleven red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) were shot, and 50 fox faecal deposits were collected. Twelve farm dogs had their faeces taken by rectal touch, and four were checked after arecoline purgation. Optical detection of Echinococcus multilocularis worms was achieved on fox intestines after scraping, and also on dog stools after arecoline therapy. Coproantigen ELISA assay was performed for the 11 scraping products, for the 50 fox faeces, and for the 12 dog faecal samples. No adult AE agent was observed by microscopy, and the ELISA assay yielded positive results in one of 11 fox intestines, one of 50 fox faeces, and 2 of 12 dog faecal samples. Twenty-five small mammals were trapped, of which 19 were Arvicola terrestris water voles. One rodent liver exhibited a hepatic lesion consistent with AE. An epidemiological questionnaire was completed in 85 human volunteers, who were also serologically tested for AE. Only one (the case's husband) exhibited a Western-blotting pattern indicative of a low-grade AE infection. The results of this preliminary study suggested a slow AE extension to the south of Cantal department from the northern focus.

Type
Review Article
Copyright
Cambridge University Press 2004

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Dabis, F., Drücker, J. & Moren, A. (1992) Epidémiologie d'intervention. 587 pp. Paris, Arnette.Google Scholar
Deblock, S. & Pétavy, A.-F. (1983) Les larves hépatiques de cestodes parasites du grand campagnol Arvicola terrestris en Auvergne (France). Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée 58, 423437.Google Scholar
Delattre, P., Pascal, M., Le Pesteur, M.H., Giraudoux, P. & Damange, J.P. (1988) Caractéristiques écologiques et épidémiologiques de l’ Echinococcus multilocularis au cours d'un cycle complet des populations d'un hôte intermédiaire (Microtus arvalis). Canadian Journal of Zoology 66, 27402750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Delattre, P., Giraudoux, P., Baudry, J., Musard, P., Toussaint, M., Truchetet, D., Stahl, P., Poule, M.L., Artois, M., Damange, J.P. & Quéré, J.P. (1992) Land use patterns and types of common vole (Microtus arvalis) population kinetics. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 39, 153169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deplazes, P. & Eckert, J. (1996) Diagnosis of the Echinococcus multilocularis infection in final hosts. Applied Parasitology 37, 245252.Google ScholarPubMed
Eckert, J. (2003) Predictive values and quality control of techniques for the diagnosis of Echinococcus multilocularis in definitive hosts. Acta Tropica 85, 157163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gilot, B., Doche, B., Deblock, S. & Pétavy, A.F. (1988) Eléments pour la cartographie écologique de l'échinococcose alvéolaire dans le Massif Central: essai de délimitation d'un foyer. Canadian Journal of Zoology 66, 696702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Giraudoux, P., Delattre, P., Takahashi, K., Raoul, F., Quéré, J.P., Craig, P. & Vuitton, D. (2002) Transmission ecology of Echinococcus multilocularis in wildlife: what can be learned from comparative studies and multiscale approaches? pp. 251262in Craig, P. & Pawlowski, Z.(Eds) Cestode zoonoses: echinococcosis and cysticercosis. NATO Sciences Series. Amsterdam, IOS Press.Google Scholar
Gottstein, B., Saucy, F., Deplazes, P., Reichen, J., Demierre, G., Busato, A., Zuercher, C. & Pugin, P. (2001) Is high prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in wild and domestic animals associated with disease incidence in humans? Emerging Infectious Diseases 7, 408412.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Houin, R., Deniau, M. & Liance, M. (1980) Arvicola terrestris (L.), le premier rongeur trouvé naturellement infesté par Echinococcus multilocularis, Leuckart, 1863, en France. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences (Paris), série D 290, 12691271.Google Scholar
Liance, M., Janin, V., Bresson-Hadni, S., Vuitton, D.A., Houin, R. & Piarroux, R. (2000) Immunodiagnosis of Echinococcus infection: confirmatory testing and species differentiation by a new commercial western blot. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 38, 37183721.Google ScholarPubMed
Paley, M.R. & Ros, P.R. (1998) Hepatic calcification. Radiology Clinics of North America 36, 391398.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pétavy, A.-F. & Deblock, S. (1983) Connaissance du foyer auvergnat d'échinococcose alvéolaire. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée 58, 439453.Google Scholar
Pétavy, A.-F., Deblock, S. & Gilot, B. (1984) Mise en évidence de la larve du Taenia multiloculaire chez 2 campagnols (Microtus arvalis et Clethrionomys glareolus) dans le foyer d'échinococcose alvéolaire du Massif Central (France). Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences (Paris), série III 299, 735737.Google Scholar
Pétavy, A.-F., Deblock, S. & Walbaum, S. (1990) The house mouse: a potential intermediate host for Echinococcus multilocularis in France. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 84, 571572.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rey, M., Morin, B., Pétavy, A.-F., Cambon, M. & Baril, A. (1977) Premières observations auvergnates d'échinococcose alvéolaire. Nouvelle Presse Medicale 17, 40704071.Google Scholar
Viel, J.-F., Giraudoux, P., Abrial, V. & Bresson-Hadni, S. (1999) Water vole (Arvicola terrestris scherman) density as risk factor for human alveolar echinococcosis. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 61, 559565.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 17 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 15th January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Hostname: page-component-77fc7d77f9-vchrx Total loading time: 0.55 Render date: 2021-01-15T15:27:44.806Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "0", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags last update: Fri Jan 15 2021 14:51:35 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time) Feature Flags: { "metrics": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "peerReview": true, "crossMark": true, "comments": true, "relatedCommentaries": true, "subject": true, "clr": true, "languageSwitch": true, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Epidemiology of alveolar echinococcosis in southern Cantal, Auvergne region, France
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Epidemiology of alveolar echinococcosis in southern Cantal, Auvergne region, France
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Epidemiology of alveolar echinococcosis in southern Cantal, Auvergne region, France
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *