The structure and flow field in the margin of the Barnes Ice Cap was determined through observations on the ice-cap surface, in four bore holes, and in a 125 m ice tunnel. A band of fine bubbly white ice with a single maximum fabric appears at the glacier surface about 160 m from the margin. This band is overlain by coarse blue ice with a four-maximum fabric, and underlain by alternating bands of fine ice with a single-maximum fabric and moderately coarse ice with a two or three-maximum fabric.
The effective strain rate was determined from the bore-hole and tunnel deformation data, and possible variations in the other three parameters in Glen’s flow law, , were studied. It appears that τ
is independent of depth near the surface, and that relative to the coarse blue ice, A is 40 to 50% lower in the white ice and possibly 10% lower in the fine blue ice.
Dips of foliation planes decrease rapidly with increasing depth and distance from the margin. This foliation is assumed to have developed near and parallel to the bed some distance from the margin. An analysis based on this assumption predicts the observed change in dip, but suggests that it did not develop under the present flow field. The ice cap was probably thicker a few tens of years ago, and the observed foliation pattern may be a relict from that time.