Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Temporal and spatial variability of surface mass balance at Dome Fuji, East Antarctica, by the stake method from 1995 to 2006

  • Takao Kameda (a1), Hideaki Motoyama (a2), Shuji Fujita (a2) and Shuhei Takahashi (a1)

Abstract

The surface mass balance (SMB) at Dome Fuji, East Antarctica, was estimated using 36 bamboo stakes (grid of 6 × 6, placed at 20 m intervals) from 1995 to 2006. The heights of the stake tops from the snow surface were measured at 0.5 cm resolution twice monthly in 1995, 1996, 1997 and 2003, and once a year for the rest of the study period. To account for snow settling, the average snow density at the stake base during the measurements was used for converting the stake-height data to SMB. The annual SMB from 1995 to 2006 at Dome Fuji was 27.3 ± 1.5 kg m−2 a−1. This result agrees well with the annual SMB from AD 1260 to 1993 (26.4 kg m−2 a−1) estimated from volcanic signals in the Dome Fuji ice core. Over the period 1995–2006, there were 37 (8.6% of the measurements) negative or zero annual SMB results. Variation in the multi-year averages of annual SMB decreased with the square root of the number of observation years, and 10 years of observations of a single stake allowed the estimation of annual SMB at ±10% accuracy. The frequency distributions of annual and monthly SMB were examined. The findings clarify the complex behavior of the annual and monthly SMB at Dome Fuji, which will be common phenomena in areas of low snow accumulation of the interior of the Antarctic ice sheet.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Temporal and spatial variability of surface mass balance at Dome Fuji, East Antarctica, by the stake method from 1995 to 2006
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Temporal and spatial variability of surface mass balance at Dome Fuji, East Antarctica, by the stake method from 1995 to 2006
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Temporal and spatial variability of surface mass balance at Dome Fuji, East Antarctica, by the stake method from 1995 to 2006
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Azuma, N. and 6 others. 1997. Glaciological data collected by the 36th Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition during 1995–1996. JARE Data Rep., 223 (Glaciology 26). Tokyo, National Institute of Polar Research.
Bader, H. 1954. Sorge’s law of densification of snow on high polar glaciers. J. Glaciol., 2(15), 319323.
Bamber, J.L. and Payne, A.J.. eds. 2004. Mass balance of the cryosphere: observations and modelling of contemporary and future changes. Cambridge, etc., Cambridge University Press.
Cole-Dai, J., Mosley-Thompson, E., Wight, S.P. and Thompson, L.G.. 2000. A 4100-year record of explosive volcanism from an East Antarctic ice core. J. Geophys. Res., 105(D19), 24,43124,441.
Ekaykin, A.A., Lipenkov, V.Y. and Barkov, N.I.. 1998. Prostranstvenno-vremennaya struktura poly snegonakopleniya v rayone stantsii Vostok, Tsentral’naya Antarktida [Temporal–spatial structure of snow accumulation field in the vicinity of Vostok station, central Antarctica]. Vestn. St Petersburg Univ., Geol. Geogr., 4(28), 3850.
Esaki, Y., Sugita, O., Torii, K., Takahashi, T. and Adachi, M.. 2007. [Meteorological observations at Syowa Station and at Dome Fuji Station in 2003 by the 44th Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition.] Antarct. Rec., 51(2), 129208. [In Japanese with English summary.]
Fisher, D.A., Reeh, N. and Clausen, H.B.. 1985. Stratigraphic noise in the time series derived from ice cores. Ann. Glaciol., 7, 7683.
Frezzotti, M., Urbini, S., Proposito, M., Scarchilli, C. and Gandolfi, S.. 2007. Spatial and temporal variability of surface mass balance near Talos Dome, East Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res., 112(F2), F02032. (10.1029/2006JF000638.)
Fujii, Y. and 8 others. 1999. Tephra layers in the Dome Fuji (Antarctica) deep ice core. Ann. Glaciol., 29, 126130.
Fujii, Y., Kohno, M., Matoba, S., Motoyama, H. and Watanabe, O.. 2003. A 320 k-year record of microparticles in the Dome Fuji, Antarctic ice core measured by laser scattering method. Mem. Nat. Inst. Polar Res., Special Issue 57, 4662.
Fujita, K. and Abe, O.. 2007. Stable isotopes in daily precipitation at Dome Fuji, East Antarctica. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33(18), L18503. (10.1029/2006GL026936.)
Giovinetto, M.B. and Schwerdtfeger, W.. 1966. Analysis of a 200 year snow accumulation series from the South Pole. Arch. Meteorol. Geophys. Bioklimatol., Ser. A. 15(2), 227250.
Gow, A.J. 1965. Snow studies in Antarctica. CRREL Res. Rep. 177.
Hammer, C.U., Clausen, H.B. and Langway, Jr. 1997. 50,000 years of recorded global volcanism. Climatic Change, 35(1), 115.
Hogan, A.W. and Gow, A.J.. 1997. Occurrence frequency of thickness of annual snow accumulation layers at South Pole. J. Geophys. Res., 102(D12), 14,02114,027.
Hondoh, T. and 19 others. 2003. Physical properties of the Dome Fuji deep ice core. Mem. Nat. Inst. Polar Res., Special Issue 57, 6371.
Iizuka, Y., Hondoh, T. and Fujii, Y.. 2006. Na2SO4 and MgSO4 salts during the Holocene period derived by high-resolution depth analysis of a Dome Fuji ice core. J. Glaciol., 52(176), 5864.
Kameda, T. and 9 others. 1997a. Meteorological observations along a traverse route from coast to Dome Fuji Station, Antarctica, recorded by automatic weather stations in 1995. Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Meteorol. Glaciol., 11, 3550.
Kameda, T., Azuma, N., Furukawa, T., Ageta, Y. and Takahashi, S.. 1997b. Surface mass balance, sublimation and snow temperatures at Dome Fuji Station, Antarctica, in 1995. Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Meteorol. Glaciol., 11, 2434.
Kameda, T., Fujita, K., Sugita, O. and Hashida, G.. 2007. Glaciological data collected by the 44th Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition during 2003–2004. JARE Data Rep., 298 (Glaciology 32). Tokyo, National Institute of Polar Research.
Langway, C.C. Jr, Osada, K., Clausen, H.B., Hammer, C.U. and Shoji, H.. 1995. A 10-century comparison of prominent bipolar volcanic events in ice cores. J. Geophys. Res., 100(D8), 16,24116,247.
Lorius, C. 1983. Accumulation rate measurements on cold polar glaciers. In Robin, G.de Q., ed. The climatic record in polar ice sheets. Cambridge, etc., Cambridge University Press, p. 6570.
Maidment, D.R., ed. 1993. Handbook of hydrology. New York, McGraw-Hill Inc.
McConnell, J.R., Bales, R.C. and Davis, D.R.. 1997. Recent intraannual snow accumulation at South Pole: implications for ice core interpretations. J. Geophys. Res., 102(D18), 21,94721,954.
Mosley-Thompson, E. and 6 others. 1995. Recent increase in South Pole snow accumulation. Ann. Glaciol., 21, 131138.
Palais, J.M., Whillans, I.M. and Bull, C.. 1982. Snow stratigraphic studies at Dome C, East Antarctica: an investigation of depositional and diagenetic processes. Ann. Glaciol., 3, 239242.
Petit, J.R., Jouzel, J., Pourchet, M. and Merlivat, L.. 1982. A detailed study of snow accumulation and stable isotope content in Dome C (Antarctica). J. Geophys. Res., 87(C6), 43014308.
Takahashi, S. and Kameda, T.. 2007. Snow density for measuring surface mass balance using the stake method. J. Glaciol., 53(183), 677680.
Takahashi, S. and Watanabe, O.. 2001. Snow accumulation (surface mass balance). Sheet 3. In Antarctica: East Queen Maud Land– Enderby Land, glaciological folio. Tokyo, National Institute of Polar Research.
Takahashi, S., Ageta, Y., Fujii, Y. and Watanabe, O.. 1994. Surface mass balance in east Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, observed by Japanese Antarctic Research Expeditions. Ann. Glaciol., 20, 242248.
Takahashi, S. and 9 others. 1998. Automatic weather station program during Dome Fuji Project by JARE in east Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol., 27, 528534.
Taylor, J.R. 1997. An introduction to error analysis: the study of uncertainties in physical measurements. Second edition. Sausalito, CA, University Science Books.
Van der Veen, C.J., Whillans, I.M. and Gow, A.J.. 1999. On the frequency distribution of net annual snow accumulation at the South Pole. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(2), 239242.
Watanabe, O. 1978. Distribution of surface features of snow cover in Mihuzo Plateau. Mem. Nat. Inst. Polar Res., Special Issue 7, 4462.
Watanabe, O. and 12 others. 1997a. Preliminary discussion of physical properties of the Dome Fuji shallow ice core in 1993, Antarctica. Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Meteorol. Glaciol., 11, 18.
Watanabe, O. and 15 others. 1997b. A preliminary study of ice core chronology at Dome Fuji Station, Antarctica. Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Meteorol. Glaciol., 11, 913.
Watanabe, O., Kamiyama, K., Motoyama, H., Fujii, Y., Shoji, H. and Satow, K.. 1999. The palaeoclimate record in the ice core from Dome Fuji station, Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol., 29, 176178.
Watanabe, O. and 10 others. 2003a. General tendencies of stable isotopes and major chemical constituents of the Dome Fuji deep ice core. Mem. Nat. Inst. Polar Res., 57, 124.
Watanabe, O., Jouzel, J., Johnsen, S., Parrenin, F., Shoji, H. and Yoshida, N.. 2003b. Homogeneous climate variability across East Antarctica over the past three glacial cycles. Nature, 422(6931), 509512.
Yamada, T., Okuhira, F., Yokoyama, K. and Watanabe, O.. 1978. Distribution of accumulation measured by the snow stake method in Mizuho Plateau. Mem. Nat. Inst. Polar Res., Special Issue 7.
Yamanouchi, T., Hirasawa, N., Hayashi, M., Takahashi, S. and Kaneto, S.. 2003. Meteorological characteristics of Antarctic inland station, Dome Fuji. Mem. Nat. Inst. Polar Res., Special Issue 57, 94104.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed