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Surface velocity and mass balance of Ice Streams D and E, West Antarctica

  • Robert Bindschadler (a1), Patricia Vornberger (a2), Donald Blankenship (a3), Ted Scambos (a4) and Robert Jacobel (a5)...

Abstract

Over 75 000 surface-velocity measurements are extracted from sequential satellite imagery of Ice Streams D and E to reveal a complex pattern of flow not apparent from previous measurements. Horizontal and vertical strain rates, calculated from surface velocity, indicate that the bed experiences larger basal shear where the surface of these ice streams is rougher. Ten airborne-radar profiles and one surface-based radar profile of ice thickness make possible the calculation of mass balance for longitudinal sections of each ice stream. Improved data-collection methods increase data density, substantially reducing random errors in velocity. However, systematic errors continue to limit the ability of the flux-differencing technique used here to resolve local variations in mass balance. Nevertheless, significant local variations in mass balance are revealed, while, overall, Ice Streams D and E are in approximate equilibrium. An earlier estimate of the net mass balance for Ice Stream D is improved.

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References

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Surface velocity and mass balance of Ice Streams D and E, West Antarctica

  • Robert Bindschadler (a1), Patricia Vornberger (a2), Donald Blankenship (a3), Ted Scambos (a4) and Robert Jacobel (a5)...

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