Andreassen, L.M. and Oerlemans, J.. 2009. Modelling long-term summer and winter balances and the climate sensitivity of Storbreen, Norway. Geogr. Ann., 91(4), 233–251.
Arendt, A.A., Echelmeyer, K.A., Harrison, W.D., Lingle, C.S. and Valentine, V.B.. 2002. Rapid wastage of Alaska glaciers and their contribution to rising sea level. Science, 297(5580), 382–386.
1954. Sorge’s Law of densification of snow on high polar glaciers. J. Glaciol., 2(15), 319–323.
Berthier, E., Schiefer, E., Clarke, G.K.C., Menounos, B. and Rémy, F.. 2010. Contribution of Alaskan glaciers to sea-level rise derived from satellite imagery. Nature Geosci., 3(2), 92–95.
1969. Data reduction and error analysis for the physical sciences. New York, McGraw-Hill.
Braithwaite, R.J. and Zhang, Y.. 2000. Sensitivity of mass balance of five Swiss glaciers to temperature changes assessed by tuning a degree-day model. J. Glaciol., 46(152), 7–14.
2004. With a camera in my hands: William O. Field, pioneer glaciologist. Fairbanks, AK, University of Alaska Press.
Calkin, P.E., Wiles, G.C. and Barclay, D.J.. 2001. Holocene coastal glaciation of Alaska. Quat. Sci. Rev., 20(1–3), 449–461.
1987. Fast glacier flow: ice streams, surging and tidewater glaciers. J. Geophys. Res., 92(B9), 8835–8841.
De Woul, M. and Hock, R.. 2005. Static mass-balance sensitivity of Arctic glaciers and ice caps using a degree-day approach. Ann. Glaciol., 42, 217–224.
Elsberg, D.H., Harrison, W.D., Echelmeyer, K.A. and Krimmel, R.M.. 2001. Quantifying the effects of climate and surface change on glacier mass balance. J. Glaciol., 47(159), 649–658.
Førland, E.J. and Hanssen-Bauer, I.. 2003. Past and future climate variations in the Norwegian arctic: overview and novel analysis. Polar Res., 22(2), 113–124.
Hare, S.R. and Mantua, N.J.. 2000. Empirical evidence for North Pacific regime shifts in 1977 and 1989. Progr. Oceanogr., 47(2–4), 103–145.
2003. Temperature index melt modelling in mountain areas. J. Hydrol., 282(1–4), 104–115.
Howat, I.M., Joughin, I.R. and Scambos, T.A.. 2007. Rapid changes in ice discharge from Greenland outlet glaciers. Science, 315(5818), 1559–1561.
Joughin, I., Smith, B.E., Howat, I.M., Scambos, T. and Moon, T.. 2010. Greenland flow variability from ice-sheet-wide velocity mapping. J. Glaciol., 56(197), 415–430.
and 21 others. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77(3), 437–471.
and 12 others. 2001. The NCEP/NCAR 50-year reanalysis: monthly means CD-ROM and documentation. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 82(2), 247–267.
Kohler, J. and Aanes, R.. 2004. Effect of winter snow and ground-icing on a Svalbard reindeer population: results of a simple snowpack model. Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 36(3), 333–341.
Korona, J., Berthier, E., Bernard, M., Rémy, F. and Thouvenot, E.. 2009. SPIRIT. SPOT 5 stereoscopic survey of Polar Ice: Reference Images and Topographies during the fourth International Polar Year (2007–2009). ISPRS J. Photogramm. Rem. Sens., 64(2), 204–212.
2001. Photogrammetric data set, 1957–2000, and bathymetric measurements for Columbia Glacier, Alaska. USGS Water-Resour
. Invest. Rep.
and 10 others. 2007. Observations: changes in snow, ice and frozen ground. In
and 7 others, eds.
Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, etc., Cambridge University Press, 339–383.
Mayo, L.R., Trabant, D.C., March, R. and Haeberli, W.. 1979. Columbia Glacier stake location, mass balance, glacier surface altitude, and ice radar data: 1978 measurement year. USGS Open File Rep.
Meier, M.F. and Post, A.. 1987. Fast tidewater glaciers. J. Geophys. Res., 92(B9), 9051–9058.
and 10 others. 1978. Columbia Glacier progress report: December 1977. USGS Open File Rep.
and 7others. 2007. Glaciers dominate eustatic sea-level rise in the 21st century. Science, 317(5841), 1064–1067.
Motyka, R.J., Truffer, M., Kruiger, E.M. and Bucki, A. K.. 2006. Rapid erosion of soft sediments by tidewater glacier advance: Taku Glacier, Alaska, USA. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33(24), L24504. (10.1029/2006GL028467.)
O’Neel, S., Pfeffer, W.T., Krimmel, R. and Meier, M.. 2005. Evolving force balance at Columbia Glacier, Alaska, during its rapid retreat. J. Geophys. Res., 110(F3), F03012. (10.1029/2005JF000292.)
1991. A model for the surface balance of ice masses: Part 1. Alpine glaciers. Z. Gletscherkd. Glazialgeol., 27/28, 63–83.
Otero, J., Navarro, F.J., Martin, C., Cuadrado, M.L. and Corcuera, M.I.. 2010. A three-dimensional calving model: numerical experiments on Johnsons Glacier, Livingston Island, Antarctica. J. Glaciol., 56(196), 200–214.
2007. A simple mechanism for irreversible tidewater glacier retreat. J. Geophys. Res., 112(F3), F03S25. (10.1029/2006JF000590.).
1969. Tectonics of the March 27, 1964, Alaska earthquake. USGS Prof. Pap. 543-I.
1975. Preliminary hydrography and historic terminal changes of Columbia Glacier, Alaska. USGS Hydrol. Invest. Atlas HA-559.
2005. Mass balance of Vatnajökull outlet glaciers reconstructed back to 1958. Jökull, 55, 139–146.
2009. South Cascade Glacier mass balance, 1935–2006. Ann. Glaciol., 50(50), 215–220.
Rasmussen, L.A. and Conway, H.. 2001. Estimating South Cascade Glacier (Washington, USA) mass balance from a distant radiosonde and comparison with Blue Glacier. J. Glaciol., 47(159), 579–588.
Rasmussen, L.A. and Conway, H.. 2003. Using upper-air conditions to estimate South Cascade Glacier (Washington, USA) summer balance. J. Glaciol., 49(166), 456–462.
Rasmussen, L.A. and Conway, H.. 2004. Climate and glacier variability in western North America. J. Climate, 17(9), 1804–1815.
Rasmussen, L.A. and Conway, H.. 2005. Influence of upper-air conditions on glaciers in Scandinavia. Ann. Glaciol., 42, 402–408.
Rasmussen, L.A. and Kohler, J.. 2007. Mass balance of three Svalbard glaciers reconstructed back to 1948. Polar Res., 26(2), 168–174.
Rasmussen, L.A. and Wenger, J.M.. 2009. Upper-air model of summer balance on Mount Rainier, USA. J. Glaciol., 55(192), 619–624.
and 6 others. 2008. Recent Antarctic ice mass loss from radar interferometry and regional climate modelling. Nature Geosci., 1(2), 106–110.
and 10 others. 2007. Assessing key vulnerabilities and the risk from climate change. In
Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.P., van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E., eds.
Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, etc., Cambridge University Press, 799–810.
Van Beusekom, A.E., O’Neel, S.R., March, R.S., Sass, L.C. and Cox, L.H.. 2011. Re-analysis of Alaskan benchmark glacier mass-balance data using the index method. USGS Sci. Invest. Rep.
Van der Veen, C.J.
1995. Controls on calving rate and basal sliding: observations from Columbia Glacier, Alaska, prior to and during its rapid retreat, 1976–1993. Byrd Polar Res. Cent. Rep.
1798. A voyage of discovery to the North Pacific Ocean, and round the World; in which the coast of Northwest America has been carefully examined and accurately surveyed. 1790–1795, Vol. 3. London, G.G. and J. Robinson and J. Edwards.
Walter, F., O’Neel, S., McNamara, D.E., Pfeffer, T., Bassis, J. and Fricker, H.A.. 2010. Iceberg calving during transition from grounded to floating ice: Columbia Glacier, Alaska. Geophys. Res. Lett.,
37(15), L15501. (10.1029/2010GL043201.)