Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Reconstruction of the mass balance of Muztag Ata No. 15 glacier, eastern Pamir, and its climatic drivers

  • MEILIN ZHU (a1), TANDONG YAO (a1) (a2), WEI YANG (a1) (a2), BAIQING XU (a1) (a2), GUANJIAN WU (a1) (a2), XIAOJUN WANG (a3) and YING XIE (a1)...

Abstract

The mass-balance of Muztag Ata No. 15 (MZ15) glacier in the eastern Pamir is reconstructed between 1980 and 2012 using an energy-based mass-balance model. The results show that this glacier has been characterized by obvious interannual mass-balance changes during 1980–2012 with a slightly positive mass balance during 1998–2012. Precipitation in the ablation season is a primary driver of these mass-balance fluctuations. Distinct changes in the mass-balance of MZ15 glacier between 1980–1997 and 1998–2012 are thought to be associated with changes in the regionally averaged meridional wind speed and corresponding precipitation in the ablation season. The negative and positive mass-balance phases during 1980–1997 and 1998–2012, respectively, were associated with northerly and southerly wind anomalies in the eastern Pamir and their corresponding decreasing and increasing precipitation. These changes in circulation appear to be linked to the mid-latitude climate. Finally, contrary to the variation of most glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau, glaciers in the Karakoram-western Kunlun-eastern Pamir appear to have retreated more slowly over the past 10 years than during the 1970s-2000. This contrasting trend may be caused by different changes in snowfall and different topography factors in different regions under warming and increased precipitation.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Reconstruction of the mass balance of Muztag Ata No. 15 glacier, eastern Pamir, and its climatic drivers
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Reconstruction of the mass balance of Muztag Ata No. 15 glacier, eastern Pamir, and its climatic drivers
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Reconstruction of the mass balance of Muztag Ata No. 15 glacier, eastern Pamir, and its climatic drivers
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Correspondence: Meilin Zhu <meilinzhu@itpcas.ac.cn>

References

Hide All
Aizen, EM, Aizen, VB, Melack, JM, Nakamura, T and Ohta, T (2001) Precipitation and atmospheric circulation patterns at mid-latitudes of Asia. Int. J. Climatol., 21(5), 535556
An, W and 7 others (2016) Possible recent warming hiatus on the northwestern Tibetan plateau derived from ice core records. Sci. Rep., 6, 32813 (doi: 10.1038/srep32813)
Anderson, B and 6 others (2010) Climate sensitivity of a high-precipitation glacier in New Zealand. J. Glaciol., 56(195), 114128
Azam, MF and 5 others (2014) Reconstruction of the annual mass balance of Chhota Shigri glacier, Western Himalaya, India, since 1969. Ann. Glaciol., 55(66), 6980
Bhambri, R and 5 others (2013) Heterogeneity in glacier response in the upper Shyok valley, northeast Karakoram. Cryosphere, 7(5), 13851398
Bolch, T and 7 others (2010) A glacier inventory for the western Nyainqentanglha range and the Nam Co basin, Tibet, and glacier changes 1976–2009. Cryosphere, 4(3), 419433
Bolch, T and 11 others (2012) The state and fate of Himalayan glaciers. Science, 336(6079), 310314
Bothe, O, Fraedrich, K and Zhu, X (2011) Large-scale circulations and Tibetan plateau summer drought and wetness in a high-resolution climate model. Int. J. Climatol., 31(6), 832846
Brock, BW and Arnold, NS (2000) A spreadsheet-based (Microsoft Excel) point surface energy balance model for glacier and snow melt studies. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms, 25(6), 649658
Chen, Y and 6 others (2011) Improving land surface temperature modeling for dry land of China. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D20104
Ding, Q and Wang, B (2005) Circumglobal teleconnection in the northern hemisphere summer*. J. Clim., 18(17), 34833505
Dong, Z, Qin, D, Ren, J, Li, K and Li, Z (2012) Variations in the equilibrium line altitude of Urumqi glacier No. 1, Tianshan mountains, over the past 50 years. Chin. Sci. Bull., 57(36), 47764783
Drolkar, T and 6 others (2016) Variation of atmospheric dust over the past 100 years recorded by visible dusty layers of the Kuokuosele ice core, western Tibetan plateau. Chin. Sci. Bull., 61(15), 16951705 (in Chinese)
Duan, K, Xu, B and Wu, G (2015) Snow accumulation variability at altitude of 7010 m a.s.l. in Muztag Ata mountain in Pamir plateau during 1958–2002. J. Hydrol., 531, 912918
Farinotti, D and 7 others (2015) Substantial glacier mass loss in the Tien Shan over the past 50 years. Nat. Geosci., 8(9), 716722
Favier, V, Wagnon, P, Chazarin, JP, Maisincho, L and Coudrain, A (2004a) One-year measurements of surface heat budget on the ablation zone of Antizana glacier 15, Ecuadorian Andes. J. Geophys. Res., 109(D18), D18105 (doi: 10.1029/2003JD004359)
Favier, V, Wagnon, P and Ribstein, P (2004b) Glaciers of the outer and inner tropics: a different behaviour but a common response to climatic forcing. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L16403 (doi: 10.1029/2004gl020654)
Francou, B, Vuille, M, Favier, V and Cáceres, B (2004) New evidence for an ENSO impact on low-latitude glaciers: Antizana 15, Andes of Ecuador, 0 28′S. J. Geophys. Res., 109(D18), D18106
Fujita, K and Ageta, Y (2000) Effect of summer accumulation on glacier mass balance on the Tibetan plateau revealed by mass-balance model. J. Glaciol., 46(153), 244252
Fujita, K and Nuimura, T (2011) Spatially heterogeneous wastage of Himalayan glaciers. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 108(34), 1401114014
Gao, Y, Cuo, L and Zhang, Y (2013) Changes in moisture flux over the Tibetan plateau during 1979–2011 and possible mechanisms. J. Clim., 27(5), 18761893
Gao, Y, Leung, LR, Zhang, Y and Cuo, L (2015) Changes in moisture flux over the Tibetan plateau during 1979–2011: insights from a high resolution simulation. J. Clim., 28(10), 41854197 (doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00581.1)
Gardelle, J, Berthier, E, Arnaud, Y and Kääb, A (2013) Region-wide glacier mass balances over the Pamir-Karakoram-Himalaya during 1999–2011. Cryosphere, 7(4), 12631286
Giesen, R, Van den Broeke, M, Oerlemans, J and Andreassen, L (2008) Surface energy balance in the ablation zone of Midtdalsbreen, a glacier in southern Norway: interannual variability and the effect of clouds. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D21111 (doi: 10.1029/2008JD010390)
Guo, W and 9 others (2014) The second glacier inventory dataset of China (version 1.0). Cold and Arid Regions Science Data Center, Lanzhou, China (in Chinese)
He, J and Yang, K (2011) China meteorological forcing dataset. Cold and Arid Regions Science Data Center, Lanzhou (doi: 10.3972/westdc.002.2014.db)
Hewitt, K (2005) The Karakoram anomaly? Glacier expansion and the ‘elevation effect,’ Karakoram Himalaya. Mt. Res. Dev., 25(4), 332340
Hock, R and Holmgren, B (2005) A distributed surface energy-balance model for complex topography and its application to Storglaciaren, Sweden. J. Glaciol., 51(172), 2536
Holzer, N and 5 others (2015) Four decades of glacier variations at Muztagh Ata (eastern Pamir): a multi-sensor study including Hexagon KH-9 and Pléiades data. Cryosphere, 9(6), 20712088
Hu, H and Liang, L (2014) Temporal and spatial variations of snowfall in the east of Qinghai-Tibet plateau in the last 50 years. Acta Geogr. Sin., 69(7), 10021012 (in Chinese)
Huffman, GJ and 8 others (2007) The TRMM multisatellite precipitation analysis (TMPA): quasi-global, multiyear, combined-sensor precipitation estimates at FNE scales. J. Hydrometeorol., 8(1), 3855
Huintjes, E and 9 others (2015) Evaluation of a coupled snow and energy balance model for Zhadang glacier, Tibetan plateau, using glaciological measurements and time-lapse photography. Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res. 47(3), 573590
Immerzeel, WW, van Beek, LPH and Bierkens, MFP (2010) Climate change will affect the Asian water towers. Science, 328(5984), 13821385
Kääb, A, Berthier, E, Nuth, C, Gardelle, J and Arnaud, Y (2012) Contrasting patterns of early twenty-first-century glacier mass change in the Himalayas. Nature, 488(7412), 495498
Kääb, A, Treichler, D, Nuth, C and Berthier, E (2015) Brief communication: contending estimates of 2003–2008 glacier mass balance over the Pamir–Karakoram–Himalaya. Cryosphere, 9(2), 557564
Kapnick, SB, Delworth, TL, Ashfaq, M, Malyshev, S and Milly, PCD (2014) Snowfall less sensitive to warming in Karakoram than in Himalayas due to a unique seasonal cycle. Nat. Geosci., 7, 834840
Kononova, NK and 5 others (2015) Effects of atmospheric circulation on summertime precipitation variability and glacier mass balance over the Tuyuksu glacier in Tianshan mountains, Kazakhstan. J. Arid Land, 7(5), 687695
Li, C, Yang, T and Tian, H (2015) Variation of western Kunlun mountain glaciers monitored by remote sensing during 1976–2010. Mt. Res., 33(2), 157165 (in Chinese)
Li, L, Yang, S, Wang, Z, Zhu, X and Tang, H (2010) Evidence of warming and wetting climate over the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. Arct. Antarct. Alp Res., 42(4), 449457
Li, Y, Li, H and Wang, L (2003) Analysis on the hydrology and water resources of Gez river in Karakorum mountain. Arid Zone Res., 20(4), 272275 (in Chinese)
Liu, Q and Liu, S (2015) Response of glacier mass balance to climate change in the Tianshan mountains during the second half of the twentieth century. Clim. Dyn., 46(1–2), 303316
Lu, N, Trenberth, KE, Qin, J, Yang, K and Yao, L (2015) Detecting long-term trends in precipitable water over the Tibetan plateau by synthesis of station and MODIS observations. J. Clim., 28(4), 17071722
Mallakpour, I and Villarini, G (2015) The changing nature of flooding across the central United States. Nat. Clim. Change, 5, 250
Maussion, F and 5 others (2013) Precipitation seasonality and variability over the Tibetan plateau as resolved by the high Asia reanalysis. J. Clim., 27(5), 19101927
Mölg, T and Hardy, DR (2004) Ablation and associated energy balance of a horizontal glacier surface on Kilimanjaro. J. Geophys. Res., 109(D16), D16104
Mölg, T, Cullen, NJ, Hardy, DR, Kaser, G and Klok, L (2008) Mass balance of a slope glacier on Kilimanjaro and its sensitivity to climate. Int. J. Climatol., 28(7), 881892
Mölg, T, Maussion, F and Scherer, D (2014) Mid-latitude westerlies as a driver of glacier variability in monsoonal High Asia. Nat. Clim. Change, 4(1), 6873
Oerlemans, J and Knap, W (1998) A 1 year record of global radiation and albedo in the ablation zone of Morteratschgletscher, Switzerland. J. Glaciol., 44(147), 231238
Oerlemans, J and 10 others (1998) Modelling the response of glaciers to climate warming. Clim. Dyn., 14(4), 267274
Oerlemans, J, Giesen, RH and Van Den Broeke, MR (2009) Retreating alpine glaciers: increased melt rates due to accumulation of dust (Vadret da Morteratsch, Switzerland). J. Glaciol., 55(192), 729736
Pu, J and 6 others (2008) Rapid decrease of mass balance observed in the Xiao (lesser) Dongkemadi glacier, in the central Tibetan plateau. Hydrol. Process., 22(16), 29532958
Reijmer, CH and Hock, R (2008) Internal accumulation on Storglaciaren, Sweden, in a multi-layer snow model coupled to a distributed energy- and mass-balance model. J. Glaciol., 54(184), 6172
Rupper, S and Roe, G (2008) Glacier changes and regional climate: a mass and energy balance approach. J. Clim., 21(20), 53845401
Sheffield, J, Goteti, G and Wood, EF (2006) Development of a 50-year high-resolution global dataset of meteorological forcings for land surface modeling. J. Clim., 19(13), 30883111
Shen, Y, Xie, Z, Ding, L and Liu, J (1997) Estimation of average mass balance for glaciers in a water shed and its application. J. Glaciol. Geocryol., 19, 304307 (in Chinese)
Sicart, JE, Hock, R, Ribstein, P, Litt, M and Ramirez, E (2011) Analysis of seasonal variations in mass balance and meltwater discharge of the tropical Zongo glacier by application of a distributed energy balance model. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D13105
Sorg, A, Bolch, T, Stoffel, M, Solomina, O and Beniston, M (2012) Climate change impacts on glaciers and runoff in Tien Shan (Central Asia). Nat. Clim. Change, 2(10), 725731
Tian, L and 9 others (2017) Two glaciers collapse in western Tibet. J. Glaciol., 63(237), 194197
Wang, J and 5 others (2016a) Change of snowfall/rainfall ratio in the Tibetan plateau based on a gridded dataset with high resolution during 1961–2013. Acta Geogr. Sin., 26(9), 12771288
Wang, L, Yuan, X, Xie, Z, Wu, P and Li, Y (2016b) Increasing flash droughts over China during the recent global warming hiatus. Sci. Rep., 6, 30571 (doi: 10.1038/srep30571)
Wang, N, He, J, Pu, J, Jiang, X and Jing, Z (2010) Variations in equilibrium line altitude of the Qiyi glacier, Qilian mountains, over the past 50 years. Chin. Sci. Bull., 55(33), 38103817
Wang, N, Wu, H, Wu, Y and Chen, A (2015) Variations of the glacier mass balance and lake water storage in the Tarim basin, northwest China, over the period of 2003–2009 estimated by the ICESat-GLAS data. Environ. Earth Sci., 74(3), 19972008
Wang, S, Wang, J and Pu, J (2016) Application of a distributed degree-day model of glaciers in the upper reaches of the Beida river basin. Environ. Earth Sci., 75, 493
Wang, W, Yao, T, Yang, W, Joswiak, D and Zhu, M (2012) Methods for assessing regional glacial lake variation and hazard in the southeastern Tibetan plateau: a case study from the Boshula mountain range, China. Environ. Earth Sci., 67(5), 14411450
Wei, FY (2008) Statistical diagnosis and predicted technology for modern climate, 2nd edn. China Meteorological Press, Beijing, pp. 1296 (in Chinese)
WGMS (2011) Glacier mass balance bulletin no. 11 (2008–2009). ICSU(WDS)/IUGG(IACS)/UNEP/UNESCO/WMO, World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zürich, Switzerland, 102 pp
WGMS (2013) Glacier mass balance bulletin no. 12 (2010–2011). ICSU(WDS)/IUGG(IACS)/UNEP/UNESCO/WMO, World Glacier Monitoring Service, Zürich (doi: 10.5904/wgms-fog-2013-11)
Xu, A, Yang, T, Wang, C and Ji, Q (2016) Variation of glaciers in the Shaksgam river basin, Karakoram mountains during 1978–2015. Prog. Geogr., 35(7), 878888 (in Chinese)
Yang, K, Koike, T and Ye, B (2006) Improving estimation of hourly, daily, and monthly solar radiation by importing global data sets. Agric. For. Meteorol., 137(1), 4355
Yang, K and 5 others (2012) Can aerosol loading explain the solar dimming over the Tibetan plateau? Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L20710 (doi: 10.1029/2012GL053733)
Yang, W and 5 others (2013) Mass balance of a maritime glacier on the southeast Tibetan plateau and its climatic sensitivity. J. Geophys. Res., 118(17), 95799594
Yang, W, Guo, X, Yao, T, Zhu, M and Wang, Y (2016) Recent accelerating mass loss of southeast Tibetan glaciers and the relationship with changes in macroscale atmospheric circulations. Clim. Dyn., 47(3), 805815
Yang, Z (1991) Glacial water resources in China. Gansu Science and Technology Press, Lanzhou (in Chinese)
Yao, T and 7 others (1997) Climate variation since the last interglaciation recorded in the Guliya ice core. Sci. China Ser. D., 40(6), 662668
Yao, T and 14 others (2012) Different glacier status with atmospheric circulations in Tibetan plateau and surroundings. Nat. Clim. Change, 2(9), 663667
Yatagai, A and 5 others (2009) A 44-year daily gridded precipitation dataset for Asia based on a dense network of rain gauges. SOLA, 5, 137140
Yu, W and 10 others (2013) Different region climate regimes and topography affect the changes in area and mass balance of glaciers on the north and south slopes of the same glacierized massif (the West Nyainqentanglha Range, Tibetan Plateau). J. Hydrol., 495(2), 6473
Yuan, F, Hao, Z, Berndtsson, R, Jiang, P and Yasuda, H (2016) The mass balance of glacier No. 1 at the headwaters of the Urumqi river in relation to northern hemisphere teleconnection patterns. Water, 8(3), 100 (doi: 10.3390/w8030100)
Zafar, MU and 6 others (2016) Karakorum temperature out of phase with hemispheric trends for the past five centuries. Clim. Dyn., 46(5), 19431952
Zeng, L, Yang, T and Tian, H (2013) Response of glacier variations in the eastern Pamirs plateau to climate change, during the last 40 years. J. Arid Land Res. Environ., 27(5), 144150 (in Chinese)
Zhang, G, Yao, T, Xie, H, Kang, S and Lei, Y (2013) Increased mass over the Tibetan plateau: from lakes or glaciers? Geophys. Res. Lett., 40(10), 21252130
Zhang, G and 16 others (2017) Extensive and drastically different alpine lake changes on Asia's high plateaus during the past four decades. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(1), 252260
Zhang, H, Zhang, F, Ye, M, Che, T and Zhang, G (2016a) Estimating daily air temperatures over the Tibetan plateau by dynamically integrating MODIS LST data. J. Geophys. Res., 121(19), 1142511441
Zhang, Y, Hirabayashi, Y and Liu, S (2012) Catchment-scale reconstruction of glacier mass balance using observations and global climate data: case study of the Hailuogou catchment, south-eastern Tibetan plateau. J. Hydrol., 444–445, 146160 (doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.04.014)
Zhang, Z and 6 others (2016b) Mass change of glaciers in Muztag Ata-Kongur Tagh, Eastern Pamir, China from 1971/76 to 2013/14 as derived from remote sensing data. PLoS ONE 11(1), e0147327 (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147327)
Zhu, M and 5 others (2015) Energy- and mass-balance comparison between Zhadang and Parlung No. 4 glaciers on the Tibetan plateau. J. Glaciol., 61(227), 595607
Zhu, M, Yao, T, Yang, W, Xu, B and Wang, X (2017a) Evaluation of parameterizations of incoming longwave radiation in the high-mountain region of the Tibetan plateau. J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 56(4), 833848
Zhu, M and 5 others (2017b) Differences in mass balance behavior for three glaciers from different climatic regions on the Tibetan Plateau. Clim. Dyn. (doi: 10.1007/s00382-017-3817-4)

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Zhu et al. supplementary material
Appendix

 Word (343 KB)
343 KB

Reconstruction of the mass balance of Muztag Ata No. 15 glacier, eastern Pamir, and its climatic drivers

  • MEILIN ZHU (a1), TANDONG YAO (a1) (a2), WEI YANG (a1) (a2), BAIQING XU (a1) (a2), GUANJIAN WU (a1) (a2), XIAOJUN WANG (a3) and YING XIE (a1)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed