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Recent Changes in the Glaciers of Svartisen

  • W. H. Theakstone (a1)

Abstract

The history of glaciological studies in the Svartisen area is outlined, and observations made by earlier workers are summarized. The present position of the ice limit in the area is indicated and is compared with those of the past Evidence of extensive, and almost continuous, retreat of the glaciers is presented, and emphasis is placed on the rapidity of the changes since the 1930’s. In the present century, the formation of marginal lakes and the detachment of glacier tongues have characterized the decay of many of the Svartisen outlets.

Résumé

On rappelle l’histoire des études glaciologiques dans la région du Svartisen, et on résumé les observations faites par les chercheurs précédents. La position actuelle de la glace dans cette région est indiquée, et elle est comparée avec les limites antérieures. On a mis en évidence le retrait important et pratiquement continu des glaciers, en insistant sur la rapidité des changements depuis 1930. Le siècle actuel est caractérisé par la formation de lacs marginaux et le détachement de langues glaciaires marquant la regréssion de la plupart des glaciers du Svartisen.

Zusammenfassung

Es wird eine geschichtliche Übersicht der glaziologischen Untersuchungen im Svartisen-Gebiet und eine Zusammenfassung der Beobachtungen früherer Forscher gegeben. Die gegenwärtige Lage des Eisrandes in dem Gebiet wird mit früheren Lagen verglichen. Der starke und nahezu ständige Rückzug der Gletscher wird aufgezeigt, wobei sich die Schnelligkeit der Veränderungen seit den 30er Jahren besonders klar hervorhebt. In diesem Jahrhundert ist der Zerfall vieler der Svartisen-Eisabfiüsse durch die Bildung von Randseen und durch die Ablösung von Gletscherzungen gekennzeichnet.

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Copyright

References

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