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Mass-Balance Studies of Gara Glacier *

  • V. K. Raina (a1), M. K. Kaul (a1) and Surinder Singh (a1)

Abstract

The Gara Glacier, a north-facing valley glacier situated in the western Himalaya, was selected to be part of the study undertaken by India in connection with the International Hydrological Decade. This paper deals with the procedure adopted and the results obtained for mass-balance assessment over a period of one year between September 1974 and September 1975. The glacier has recorded a positive net balance of the order of 2.48 X 106 m3 in terms of water equivalent.

Résumé

On a choisi le Gara Glacier, un glacier de vallée exposé au Nord dans l'Ouest de l'Himalaya, comme objet d'études entreprises par l'Inde en relation avec le programme de la Décennie Hydrologique Internationale. Ce papier décrit la méthode employée et les résultats obtenus pour estimer le bilan de masse sur une période d'un an de septembre 1974 à septembre 1975. Le glacier a enregistré un bilan net positif de l'ordre de 2,48 X 106 m3 d'équivalent en eau.

Zusammenfassung

Der Gara Glacier, ein nordexponierter Talgletscher im West-Himalaya, wurde als Teilprojekt der indischen Untersuchungen im Rahmen der Int. Hydrologischen Dekade ausgewählt. Hier wird über das angewandte Verfahren und über die Ergebnisse bei der Abschätzung des Massenhaushaltes über den Zeitraum eines Jahres zwischen September 1974 und September 1975 berichtet. Der Gletscher wies eine positive Ncttobilanz in der Grössenordnung von 2,48 x 106 m3 Wasseräquivalent auf.

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Copyright

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Published with the permission of the Director General, Geological Survey of India.

Footnotes

References

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Hoinkes, H. C., and Rudolph, R. 1962. Mass balance studies on the Hintereisferner, Ötztal Alps, 1952-1961. Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 4, No. 33, p. 26680.
Mokievsky-Zubok, O. 1974. Analysis of mass balance values and their accuracy for Sentinel Glacier, British Columbia, Canada. Ottawa, Environment Canada. Inland Water Directorate. Water Resources Branch. (Scientific Series No. 31.)
Østrem, G., and Stanley, A. D. 1966. Glacier mass balance measurements. A manual for field work. Ottawa, Dept. of Mines and Technical Surveys.

Mass-Balance Studies of Gara Glacier *

  • V. K. Raina (a1), M. K. Kaul (a1) and Surinder Singh (a1)

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