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Ice flow velocities over Vostok Subglacial Lake, East Antarctica, determined by 10 years of GNSS observations

  • A. Richter (a1), D.V. Fedorov (a2), M. Fritsche (a1), S.V. Popov (a3), V.Ya. Lipenkov (a4), A.A. Ekaykin (a4), V.V. Lukin (a4), A.Yu. Matveev (a2), V.P. Grebnev (a2), R. Rosenau (a1) and R. Dietrich (a1)...


Repeated Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) observations were carried out at 50 surface markers in the Vostok Subglacial Lake (East Antarctica) region between 2001 and 2011. The horizontal ice flow velocity vectors were derived with accuracies of 1 cm a−1 and 0.5°, representing the first reliable information on ice flow kinematics in the northern part of the lake. Within the lake area, ice flow velocities do not exceed 2 m a−1. The ice flow azimuth is southeast in the southern part of the lake and turns gradually to east-northeast in the northern part. In the northern part, as the ice flow enters the lake at the western shore, the velocity decreases towards the central lake axis, then increases slightly past the central axis. In the southern part, a continued acceleration is observed from the central lake axis across the downstream grounding line. Based on the observed flow velocity vectors and ice thickness data, mean surface accumulation rates are inferred for four surface segments between Ridge B and Vostok Subglacial Lake and show a steady increase towards the north.

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