Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Glacier change over the past four decades in the middle Chinese Tien Shan

  • Baolin Li (a1), A-Xing Zhu (a1) (a2), Yichi Zhang (a1), Tao Pei (a1), Chengzhi Qin (a1) and Chenghu Zhou (a1)...

Abstract

Terminus fluctuation and area change in mountain glaciers in the middle Chinese Tien Shan over the past four decades are examined, based on Landsat multispectral scanner (MSS), Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+), Système Probatoire pour l’Observation de la Terre (SPOT) highresolution visible (HRV) imagery, topographical maps and China Glacier Inventory data using Geographical Information System (GIS) and remote-sensing techniques. This study shows that the glaciers in the study area have undergone continuous recession between 1963 and 2000. Over the past 37 years the total glacier area decreased from 55 × 106 m2 to 48 × 106 m2 (a 13% decrease). The glaciers at low elevations decreased more rapidly than those at high elevations. Seven of the ten large valley glaciers in the study area retreated by at least 150 ± 49 m during this period. The average rate of recession for these glaciers was 4–8 m a−1. The recession rate between 1986 and 2000 was larger than between 1963 and 1986. The glacier changes in the study area were similar to those in the Ürümqi river basin in the northern Chinese Tien Shan. It is apparent that temperature rise over the past four decades has had a profound impact on these glaciers.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Glacier change over the past four decades in the middle Chinese Tien Shan
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Glacier change over the past four decades in the middle Chinese Tien Shan
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Glacier change over the past four decades in the middle Chinese Tien Shan
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Cao, M.S. 1998 Detection of abrupt changes in glacier mass balance in the Tien Shan Mountains. J. Glaciol., 44(147), 352358.
Congalton, R.G. and Green, K.. 1999. Assessing the accuracy of remotely sensed data: principles and practice. Boca Raton, FL, Lewis Publishers.
Fujita, K., Ageta, Y., Pu, J. and Yao, T.. 2000 Mass balance of Xiao Dongkemadi glacier on the central Tibetan Plateau from 1989 to 1995. Ann. Glaciol., 31, 159163.
Haeberli, W., Zemp, M., Frauenfelder, R., Hoelzle, M. and Kääb, A., eds. 2005. Fluctuations of glaciers 1995–2000 (Vol. VIII). Zürich, World Glacier Monitoring Service.
Hall, D.K., Bayr, K.J. Schöner, W., Bindschadler, R.A. and Chien, J.Y.L.. 2003 Consideration of the errors inherent in mapping historical glacier positions in Austria from ground and space (1893–2001). Remote Sens. Environ., 86(44), 566577.
Jin, R., Xin, L., Che, T., Wu, L. and Mool, P.. 2005 Glacier area changes in the Pumqu river basin, Tibetan Plateau, between the 1970s and 2001. J. Glaciol., 51(175), 607610.
Kjøllmoen, B., ed. 2006 Glaciological investigations in Norway in 2004. NVE Rapp. 2.
Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology (LIGG). 1987. Glacier inventory of China. Vol. III. Tien Shan, Southwest of Tarim River Inner Basin. Beijing, China Science Press. Academia Sinica, Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology. [In Chinese.]
Li, Z., Han, T., Jing, Z., Yang, H. and Jiao, K.. 2003 A summary of 40-year observed variation facts of climate and Glacier No. 1 at headwater of Ürümqi River, Tien Shan, China. J. Glaciol. Ceocryol., 25(2), 117121. [In Chinese.]
Liu, S., Sun, W., Shen, Y. and Li, G.. 2003 Glacier changes since the Little Ice Age maximum in the western Qilian Shan, northwest China, and consequences of glacier runoff for water supply. J. Glaciol., 49(164), 117124.
Paul, F. 2002 Changes in glacier area in Tyrol, Austria, between 1969 and 1992 derived from Landsat TM and Austrian glacier inventory data. Int. J. Remote Sensing, 23(4), 787799.
Shi, Y., Huang, M., Yao, T. and Deng, Y.X.. 2000 Glaciers and their environments in China – the present, past and future. Beijing, Science Press. [In Chinese.]
Sidjak, R.W. and Wheate, R.D.. 1999 Glacier mapping of the Illecillewaet icefield, British Columbia, Canada, using Landsat TM and digital elevation data. Int. J. Remote Sensing, 20(2), 273284.
Silverio, W. and Jaquet, J.M.. 2005 Glacial cover mapping (1987–1996) of the Cordillera Blanca (Peru) using satellite imagery. Remote Sens. Environ., 95(3), 342350.
Wang, N., Jiao, K., Li, Z., Jing, Z. and Han, T.. 2004 Correspondence. Recent accelerated shrinkage of Ürümqi glacier No. 1, Tien Shan, China. J. Glaciol., 50(170), 464466.
Yang, J., Ding, Y., Chen, R., Liu, S. and Lu, A.. 2003 Causes of glacier change in the source regions of the Yangtze and Yellow rivers on the Tibetan Plateau. J. Claciol., 49(167), 539546.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed