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Early Discoverers XXXIII: John Hardcastle on Glacier Motion and glacial Loess

  • Ian J. Smalley (a1)

Abstract

In 1890–91 John Hardcastle presented his views on glacier motion and the climatic significance of loess deposits. He should be recognized as a significant pioneer in the study of glacier-flow mechanisms, and more particularly, as the initiator of the study of loess stratigraphy and the multiple-event approach to the formation of loess deposits, especially glacial loess.

Résumé

En 1890–91, John Hardcastle présentait ses idées sur les mouvements des glaciers et la signification climatique des dépôts de loess. Il devrait être reconnu comme un pionnier important dans l’étude du mécanisme des écoulements glaciaires, et plus particulièrement, comme le précurseur des études de stratigraphie des loess et des multiples phénomènes que peuvent conduire aux dépôts de loess, spécialement de loess glaciaires.

Zusammenfassung

1890–91 veröffentlichte John Hardcastle seine Ansichten über Gletscherbewegung und die klimatische Bedeutung von Lössablagerungen. Man sollte ihn als einen bedeutenden Pionier bei der Erforschung des Mechanismus der Gletscherbewegung anerkennen, speziell als den Initiator des Studiums der Lössstratigraphie und des Mehrfachansatzes für die Bildung von Lössablagerungen, besonders der glazialen.

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Copyright

References

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Flint, R. F. [c 1971.] Glacial and Quaternary geology. New York, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Hardcastle, J. 1890. Origin of the loess deposit of the Timaru plateau. Transitions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, Vol. 22, 1889, p. 40614.
Hardcastle, J. 1891[a]. On the drift in South Canterbury. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, Vol. 23, 1890, p. 31124.
Hardcastle, J. 1891[b]. On glacier motion. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, Vol. 23, 1890, p. 33234.
Hardcastle, J. 1891[c]. On the Timaru loess as a climate register. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, Vol. 23, 1890, p. 32432.
Nahon, D. Trompette, R. 1982. Origin of siltstones: glacial grinding versus weathering. Sedimentology, Vol. 29, No. 1, p. 2535.
Smalley, I. J. 1966. The properties of glacial loess and the formation of loess deposits. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, Vol. 36, No. 3, p. 66976.
Smalley, I. J. 1972. The interaction of great rivers and large deposits of primary loess. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 34, No. 6, p. 53442.
Smalley, I. J. 1978[a]. The New Zealand loess and the major categories of loess classification. Search, Vol. 9, No. 7, p. 28182.
Smalley, I. J. 1978[b]. P. A. Tutkovskiy and the glacial theory of loess formation Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 20, No. 83, p. 40508.
Smalley, I. J. Davin, J. E. 1980. The first hundred years—a historical bibliography of New Zealand loess, 1878–1978. New Zealand Soil Bureau Bibliographic Report No. 28.
Tutkovskiy, P. A. 1899. K voprosu o sposobe obrazovaniya lessa . Zemlevedeniye, Tom 6, No. 1–2, p. 213311.
Whalley, W. B., and others. 1982. Origin of desert loess from some experimental observations, by W. B. Whalley, J. R. Marshall, and B. J. Smith. Nature, Vol. 300, No. 5891, p. 43335.

Early Discoverers XXXIII: John Hardcastle on Glacier Motion and glacial Loess

  • Ian J. Smalley (a1)

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