Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Distribution of stable isotopes in surface snow along the route of the 1990 International Trans-Antarctica Expedition

  • Qin Dahe (a1), J.R. Petit (a2), J. Jouzel (a3) and M. Stievenard (a4)

Abstract

This paper presents the distribution of average δD andδ 18O values for the top 1 m of surface snow for a large area of Antarctica. The samples were collected on the 1990 International Trans-Antarctica Expedition which crossed the continent from the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula to Mirny Station. The empirical relationships between the isotopes, temperature and elevation are computed. The slopes of δD with respect to the surface temperature for the segments west (Patriot Hills-Vostok) and east of Vostok (Komsomolskaya-Mirny) are not significantly different to that observed between Dumont d’Urville and Dome C (Lorius and Merlivat, 1977) which are often used to interpret deep ice-core isotopic profiles. There is, however, a noticeable shift between the two regression lines with, for a given temperature, higher isotopic values west of Vostok. The deuterium excess values increase sharply at 3000 m.a.s.l. on the plateau, confirming the results of Petit and others (1991).

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Distribution of stable isotopes in surface snow along the route of the 1990 International Trans-Antarctica Expedition
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Distribution of stable isotopes in surface snow along the route of the 1990 International Trans-Antarctica Expedition
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Distribution of stable isotopes in surface snow along the route of the 1990 International Trans-Antarctica Expedition
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Aristarain, A.J., Jouzel, J. and Pourchet, M. 1986. Past Antarctic Peninaula climate (1850–1980) deduced from an ice core isotope record. Climatic Change, 8(1), 6889.
Aver’yanov, V. G. 1964. Temperature conditions of the snow cover in the interior regions of Antarctica. Sov. Antarct. Exped. Inf. Bull., 1, 2933.
Baersichi, P. 1976. Absolute 18O content of Standard Mean Ocean Water. Earth Plaut. Sci. Lett., 31, 341344.
Barkov, N.I. 1975. Snow accumulation along the Mirnyy-Voitok profile, 1970 through 1973. Antarct. J. U.S., 10(2), 5657.
Budd, W.F. and Morgan, V.I. 1977. Isotope, climate and ice sheet dynamics from core studies on Law Dome, Antarctica. International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publication 118 (Symposium at Grenoble 1975 — Isotopes and Impurities in Snow and Ice), 312321.
Cameron, R. L., Picciotto, E. Kane, H.S. and Gliozzi, J. 1968. Glaciology of Queen Maud Land traverse, 1964–1965. South Pole — Pole of Relative Inaccessibility. Ohi. State Univ. Inst. Polar Stud. Rep. 23.
Craig, H. 1961a. Standard for reporting concentrations of deuterium and oxygen-18 in natural waters. Science, 133(3467), 18331834.
Craig, H. 1961b. Variationa in meteoric waters. Science, 133(3465), 17021703.
Crary, A. P. 1963. Results of United States traverses in East Antarctica, 1958–1961. IGy Glaciol. Rtp. 7.
Dansgaard, W. 1964. Stable isotopes in precipitation. Tellus, 16(4), 436468.
Dansgaard, W., Johnsen, S.J. Clausen, H.B. and Gundestrup, N. 1973. Stable isotope glaciology. Mtdd. Grønl., 197(2).
Dansgaard, W., Johnsen, S.J. Clausen, H.B. Hammer, C. U. and Langway, C. C. Jr. 1977. Stable isotope profile through the Ross Ice Shelf at Little America V, Antarctica. International Association of Hydrotogical Sciences Publication 118 (Symposium at Grenoble 1975 — Isotopes and Impurities in Snow and Ice), 322325.
Dansgaard, W. and 6 others. 1982. A new Greenland deep ice core. Science,s 218(4579), 12731277.
Dansgaard, W., White, J.W.C. and Johnsen, S.J. 1989. The abrupt termination of the Younger Dryas climatic event. Nature, 339(6225), 532534.
Drewry, D.J. 1983. The surface of the Antarctic ice sheet. In Drewry, D. J., ed. Antarctica: glaciological and geophysical folio. Cambridge, University of Cambridge. Scott Polar Research Institute, Sheet 2.
Epstein, S. and Sharp, R. P. 1967. Oxygen– and hydrogen-isotope variations in a firn core, Eights Station, western Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res., 72(22), 55955598.
Eriksson, E. 1965. Deuterium and oxygen-18 in precipitation and other natural waters. Some theoretical considerations. Tellus, 17(4), 498512.
Fisher, D. A. 1990. A zonally-averaged stable-isotope model coupled to a regional variable-elevation stable-isotope model. Ann. Glaciol., 14, 6571.
Fisher, D.A. and Alt, B.T. 1985. A global oxygen isotope model — semi-empirical, zonally averaged. Ann. Glaciol., 7, 117124.
Giovinetto, M. B. and Bull, C. 1987. Summary and analysis of surface mass balance compilations for Antarctica, 1960–1985. Ohio State Univ. Byrd Polar Res. Center. Rep. 1.
Gonfiantini, R., Togliatti, V. de Tongiorgi, E. de Breuck, W. and Picciotto, E. 1963. Geographical variations of oxygen-18/oxygen-16 ratio in surface snow and ice from Qpeen Maud Land, Antarctica. Nature, 197(4872), 10961098.
Hagemann, R., Nief, G. and Roth, E. 1970. Absolute isotopic scale for deuterium analysis of natural waters. Absolute D/H ratio for SMOW. Tellus, 22(6), 712715.
Hamilton, W.L. and O’Kelley, M.E. 1971. Investigation of particulate matter in Antarctic firn. Antarct. Res. Ser., 16, 355362.
Jacka, Т.Н., Christou, L. and Cook, B.J. 1984. A data bank of mean monthly and annual surface temperatures for Antarctica, the Southern Ocean and South Pacific Ocean. ANARE Res. Notes 22.
Johnsen, S.J., Dansgaard, W. Clausen, H.B. and Langway,, CC Jr. 1972. Oxygen isotope profiles through the Antarctica and Greenland ice sheets. Mature, 235(5339), 429434.
Johnsen, S.J., Dansgaard, W. and White, J.W.C. 1989. The origin of Arctic precipitation under present and glacial conditions. Tellus, 41B, 452468.
Joussaume, S. and Jouzel, J. 1993. Paleoclimatic tracers: an investigation using an atmospheric general circulation model under ice age conditions. Part 2. Water isotopes. J. Geophys. Rts., 98(D2), 28072830.
Joussaume, S., Sadourny, R. and Jouzel, J. 1984. A general circulation model of water isotope cycles in the atmosphere. Nature, 311(5981), 2429.
Jouzel, J. and Merlivat, L. 1984. Deuterium and oxygen 18 in precipitation: modeling of the isotopic effects during snow formation. J. Geophys. Rts., 89(D7), 11,749–11.757.
Jouzel, J., Merlivat, L. and Lorius, C. 1982. Deuterium excess in an East Antarctic ice core suggests higher relative humidity at the oceanic surface during the last glacial maximum. Nature, 299(5885), 688691.
Jouzel, J., Merlivat, L. Petit, J. R. and Lorius., C 1983. Climatic information over the last century deduced from a detailed isotopic record in the South Pole snow. J. Geophys. Res., 88(C4), 26932703.
Jouzel, J., Russell, G. L. Koster, R. D. Suozzo, R.J. J. W. C White and Broecker, W.S. 1987a. Simulations of the HDO and H2 18O atmospheric cycles using the NASA GISS general circulation model: the seasonal cycle for present-day conditions. J. Geophys. Res., 92(D12), 14,73914,760.
Jouzel, J. and 6 others. 1987b. Vostok ice core: a continuous isotopic temperature record over the last climatic cycle (160,000 years). Nature, 329(6138), 403408.
Jouzel, J., Koster, R. D. Suozzo, R.J. Russell, G. L. White, J. W. C. and Broecker, W.S. 1991. Simulations of the HDO and H2 18O atmospheric cycles using the NASA GISS general circulation model: sensitivity experiments for present-day conditions. J. Geophys. Rts., 96(D4), 74957507.
Kato, K. 1977. Oxygen isotopic composition and gross-radioactivity in firn. JARE Data Rep. Glaciol. 36, 158169.
Koerner, R. M. 1979. Accumulation, ablation, and oxygen isotope variations on the Queen Elizabeth Islands ice caps, Canada. J. Glaciol., 22(86), 2541.
Kotlyakov, V. M., Losev, K. S. and Loseva, L. A. 1977. Ledovoy balans Antarktidy [The ice budget of Antarctica]. Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geogr., 1, 515.
Lipenkov, V. Ya. 1980. Nekotoryye osobennosti nakopleniya snega na profile Mirnyy-Vostok [Features of snow accumulation at the Mirnyy-Vostok profile]. Inf. Byull. Sov. Antarkt. Eksped. 100, 5965.
Lorius, C. and Merlivat, L. 1977. Distribution of mean surface stable isotope values in East Antarctica: observed changes with depth in the coastal area. International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publication 118 (Symposium at Grenoble 1975 — Isotopes and Impurities in Snow and Ice), 127137.
Lorius, G., Merlivat, L. and Hagemann, R. 1972. Fluctuation of the average deuterium content of precipitation in Antarctica. Sov. Antarct. Exped. Inf. Bull., 7(6), 1970, 513516.
Lorius, C., Merlivat, L. Jouzel, J. and Pourchet, M. 1979. A 30,000-yr isotope climatic record from Antarctic ice. Nature, 280(5724), 644648.
Lorius, C. and 6 others. 1985. A 150,000 year climatic record from Anarctic ice. Nature, 316(6029), 591596.
Merlivat, L. and Jouzel, J. 1979. Global climatic interpretation of the deuterium-oxygen 18 relationship for precipitation. J. Geophys. Res., B4(C8), 50295033.
Peel, D.A. and Clausen, H.B. 1982. Oxygen-isotope and total beta-radioactivity measurements on IOm ice cores from the Antarctic Peninsula J. Glaciol., 28(98), 4354.
Peel, D.A., Mulvaney, R. and Davison, B. M. 1988. Stable-isotope/air-temperature relationships in ice cores from Dolleman Island and the Palmer Land Plateau, Antarctic Peninsula. Ann. Glaciol., 10, 130136.
Petit, J. R., Jouzel, J. Pourchet, M. and Merlivat, L. 1982. A detailed study of snow accumulation and stable isotope content in Dome C (Antarctica). J. Geophys. Res., 87(C6), 43014308.
Petit, J.R., White, J.W.C., Young, N.W. Jouzel, J. and Korotkevich., Ye.S. 1991. Deuterium excess in recent Antarctic snow. J. Geophys. Res., 96(D3), 51135122.
Picciotto, E. E. 1967. Geochemical investigations of snow and fim samples from East Antarctica. Antarct. J. U.S., 2(6), 236240.
Qin Dahe, and Ren Jiawen., 1991. A study on snow profile and surface characteristics along a 6000km trans-Antarctica route, (I). Part 1. Science in China (Series B), 34(9), 100108.
Qin Dahe, and Ren Jiawen., 1990. The historical climatic records in ice core from the surface layer of Wilkes Land, Antarctica. Science in China (Series B), 33(4), 460466.
Robin, G. de Q. 1983. The climatic record from ice cores. In Robin, G. de Q., ed. The climatic record in polar ice sheets. Cambridge, etc., Cambridge University Press, 180195.
Rozanski, K., Sonntag, C. and Münnich, K. O. 1982. Factors controlling stable isotope composition of European precipitation. Tellus, 34(2), 142150.
Schwerdtfeger, W. 1970. The climate of the Antarctic. In Orvig, S., ed. Climates of the polar regions . Amsterdam, etc., Elsevier, 253355. (World Survey of Climatology, 14.)
Schwerdtfeger, W. 1975. The effect of the Antarctic Peninsula on the temperature regime of the Weddell Sea. Mm. Weather Rtv., 103(1), 4551.
Shimizu, H. 1964. Glaciological studies in West Antarctica, 1960–1962. Antarct. Res. Ser., 2, 3764.
Taylor, L. D. 1965. Glaciological studies on the South Pole traverse, 19621963 Ohio State Univ. Inst. Polar Stud. Rep. 17.
Young, N. W. 1979. Measured velocities of interior East Antarctica and the state of mass balance within the I.A.G.P. area. J. Glaciol., 24(90), 7787.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed