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Wrapping up a century of splashes

  • Devaraj van der Meer (a1)

Abstract

Few fluid phenomena are as beautiful, fragile and ephemeral as the crown splash that is created by the impact of an object on a liquid. The crown-shaped phenomenon and the physics behind it have mesmerised and intrigued scientists for over a century, and still the scientific world has not yet uncovered all of the secrets of the splash. This is exemplified in a particularly striking manner in Marston et al. (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 794, 2016, pp. 506–529) where a 6 m tall vacuum chamber is employed to study the splash formed upon impact of a sphere onto a deep liquid pool, at both atmospheric and reduced ambient pressures. They shed light into the classical problem of the surface seal and study the buckling of the splash. With an almost magical touch they devise a method to create a splash without the liquid and the sphere ever coming into contact. The images that accompany the paper – taken with state-of-the-art high-speed cameras – are as stunning as the physics that is uncovered in them.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Email address for correspondence: d.vandermeer@utwente.nl

References

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Josserand, C. & Thoroddsen, S. T. 2016 Drop impact on a solid surface. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 48, 365391.
Krechetnikov, R. 2010 Stability of liquid sheet edges. Phys. Fluids 22 (9), 092101.
Marston, J. O., Truscott, T. T., Speirs, N. B., Mansoor, M. M. & Thoroddsen, S. T. 2016 Crown sealing and buckling instability during water entry of spheres. J. Fluid Mech. 794, 506529.
Peters, I. R., van der Meer, D. & Gordillo, J. M. 2013 Splash wave and crown breakup after disc impact on a liquid surface. J. Fluid Mech. 724, 553580.
Scolan, Y.-M. & Korobkin, A. A. 2001 Three-dimensional theory of water impact. Part 1. Inverse Wagner problem. J. Fluid Mech. 440, 293326.
Versluis, M. 2013 High-speed imaging in fluids. Exp. Fluids 54 (2), 135.
Wagner, H. 1932 Über Stoß- und Gleitvorgänge an der Oberfläche von Flüssigkeiten. Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 12 (4), 193215.
Worthington, A. M. 1908 A Study of Splashes. Longmans, Green, and Co.
Yarin, A. L. 2006 Drop impact dynamics: splashing, spreading, receding, bouncing. Annu. Rev. Fluid. Mech. 38, 159192.
Zhang, L. V., Toole, J., Fezzaa, K. & Deegan, R. D. 2011 Evolution of the ejecta sheet from the impact of a drop with a deep pool. J. Fluid Mech. 690, 515.
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Wrapping up a century of splashes

  • Devaraj van der Meer (a1)

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